The order Bunyavirales is the taxonomic home of numerous related viruses. It contains five families of viruses not known to causes human disease and four families of viruses with members that are known to cause human disease (Phenuiviridae, Nairoviridae, Hantaviridae, and Peribunyaviridae). Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus, Hantaan virus, California encephalitis virus, and Rift Valley fever virus are all examples of viruses in this order associated with notable human disease. Members of Bunyavirales also cause important diseases in numerous non-human animals and plants.
Origination of the term
The order Bunyavirales is a virological taxon that was created in 2016. The name Bunyavirales is derived from the name of the locale Bunyamwera, Uganda, where a notable virus of the order, Bunyamwera virus, was first isolated in 1943, and the taxonomic suffix -virales (denoting a viral order). The order currently contains nine families; Feraviridae, Fimoviridae, Hantaviridae, Jonviridae, Nairoviridae, Peribunyaviridae, Phasmaviridae, Phenuiviridae, and Tospoviridae
Phylum: not divided
Classis: not divided
Group V: ssRNA(-)
Familiae: Feraviridae – Fimoviridae – Hantaviridae – Jonviridae – Nairoviridae – Peribunyaviridae – Phasmaviridae – Phenuiviridae – Tospoviridae