From Wikispecies
Jump to: navigation, search
Bufo bufo


Taxonavigation: Anura 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Amphibia
Subclassis: Lissamphibia
Ordo: Anura

Familia: Bufonidae
Genus: Bufo
Species:[1] B. aspinius – B. bankorensis – B. bufo – B. centralis – B. eichwaldi – B. gargarizans – B. japonicus – B. kabischi – B. minshanicus – B. spinosus – B. tibetanus – B. torrenticola – B. tuberculatus – B. verrucosissimus – B. williamsi – B. wolongensis

Group[2] "Bufo"[edit]

B. ailaoanus – B. arabicus – B. atukoralei – B. beddomii – B. brevirostris – B. cryptotympanicus – B. dhufarensis – B. dodsoni – B. hololius – B. kotagamai – B. koynayensis – B. olivaceus – B. pageoti – B. parietalis – B. scaber – B. scorteccii – B. siculus – B. silentvalleyensis – B. stejnegeri – B. stomaticus – B. stuarti – B. sumatranus – B. totol – B. valhallae


Bufo Laurenti, 1768

Type species: Bufo vulgaris Laurenti, 1768 (= Bufo bufo)



Primary references[edit]

  • Laurenti, 1768, Spec. Med. Exhib. Synops. Rept.: 25.

Additional references[edit]

  • Pauly, G. B., D. M. Hillis, and D. C, Cannatella. (2004) The history of a Nearctic colonization: Molecular phylogenetics and biogeography of the Nearctic toads (Bufo). Evolution 58: 2517–2535.
  • Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297.
  • Dubois, A.; Bour, R. 2010: The nomenclatural status of the nomina of amphibians and reptiles created by Garsault (1764), with a parsimonious solution to an old nomenclatural problem regarding the genus Bufo (Amphibia, Anura), comments on the taxonomy of this genus, and comments on some nomina created by Laurenti (1768). Zootaxa, 2447: 1–52. Preview
  • Teynié, A.; David, P.; Ohler, A. 2010: Note on a collection of amphibians and reptiles from Western Sumatra (Indonesia), with the description of a new species of the genus Bufo. Zootaxa, 2416: 1–43. Preview
  • Gordon, M.R., Simandle, E.T. & Tracy, C.R. 2017. A diamond in the rough desert shrublands of the Great Basin in the Western United States: A new cryptic toad species (Amphibia: Bufonidae: Bufo (Anaxyrus)) discovered in Northern Nevada. Zootaxa 4290(1): 123–139. doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.4290.1.7 Full article (PDF) Reference page. 


  1. Most of the species of Bufo were transfered by Frost et. al. (2006) to other genera. This action has been rejected many herpetologists, because the relationships of the taxa are not yet clear. See Pauly et al. (2004) for phylogenetic relationships of Bufo in the broader sense.
  2. This group includes the species which Frost et. al. didn't resolve their exact afinity. They wait to be placed in the proper genus after further research. Other researchers prefer to retain many more species in Bufo to avoid this problem and to retain the usual sense of the name Bufo (e.g., see Pauly et al., 2004).

Vernacular names[edit]

Deutsch: Echte Kröten
English: Toads
español: Sapos
galego: Sapos
日本語: ヒキガエル属
Nordfriisk: Echt poden
中文: 蟾蜍屬
For more multimedia, look at Bufo on Wikimedia Commons.