Alternanthera philoxeroides

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Alternanthera philoxeroides
Alternanthera philoxeroides

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Caryophyllales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Amaranthaceae s.l.
Cladus: Amaranthaceae s.str.
Subfamilia: Gomphrenoideae
Genus: Alternanthera
Species: Alternanthera philoxeroides

Name[edit]

Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb., Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 24: 36. (1879)

Synonyms[edit]

  • Basionym
    • Bucholzia philoxeroides Mart., Beitr. Amarantac. 107. (1825)
      • Type: Brazil. Sellow, F. #s.n. Isotype: G00236812.
  • Homotypic
    • Achyranthes philoxeroides (Mart.) Standl., J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 5: 74. (1915)
    • Telanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 362. (1849)
  • Heterotypic (ref. Govaerts 2019, Hassler 2019)
    • Achyranthes aphylla (Glaz.) Standl., J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 5: 74. (1915)
    • Achyranthes paludosa Bunbury, Proc. Linn. Soc. London 1: 109. (1841)
    • Alternanthera aphylla Glaz., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 58(Mém. 3f): 565. (1911)
    • Alternanthera philoxerina Suess., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 38: 303. (1934)
    • Alternanthera philoxeroides var. acutifolia (Moq.) Hicken, Apuntes Hist. Nat. 2: 94. (1910)
    • Alternanthera philoxeroides var. lancifolia Chodat, Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève ser. 2, 18: 257. (1927)
    • Alternanthera philoxeroides var. luxurians Suess., Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 2: 68. (1950)
    • Alternanthera philoxeroides var. obtusifolia (Mart.) Hicken, Apuntes Hist. Nat. 2: 94. (1910)
    • Alternanthera philoxeroides var. phyllantha (Seub.) R.E.Fr., Ark. Bot. 16, no. 13: 10. (1920)
    • Alternanthera philoxeroides f. phyllantha (Seub.) Mears, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 129: 15. (1977)
    • Brandesia martiana Gillies ex Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 363. (1849), nom. inval. in syn.
    • Bucholzia philoxeroides var. obtusifolia Mart., Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leopol. Carol., Nat. Cur. 13(1): 316. (1826)
    • Celosia amphibia Salzm. ex Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 363. (1849), nom. inval. in syn.
    • Mogiphanes philoxeroides D.Parodi, Anales Soc. Ci. Argent. 5: 316. (1878) (as "philorexoides").
      • Type: Paragay: Asuncion in inundates fluminis. Oct. 1858.
    • Telanthera philoxeroides var. acutifolia Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 363. (1849)
    • Telanthera philoxeroides var. denticulata Seub., Fl. Bras. (Martius) 5(1): 170. (1875)
    • Telanthera philoxeroides var. linearifolia Chodat, Bull. Herb. Boissier 7(App. 1): 64. (1899)
    • Telanthera philoxeroides var. obtusifolia Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 363. (1849)
    • Telanthera philoxeroides var. phyllantha Seub., Fl. Bras. (Martius) 5(1): 169. (1875)

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Southern America
    • Caribbean
      • Trinidad-Tobago
    • Northern South America
      • French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • Western South America
      • Bolivia, Colombia, Peru
    • Brazil
      • Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central
    • Southern South America
      • Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Paraguay, Uruguay

Introduced elsewhere, often invasive.


References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

Deutsch: Alligatorkraut
English: alligator weed
suomi: Vesikaijalehti
中文: 空心莲子草, 革命草, 水花生, 喜旱莲子草
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Alternanthera philoxeroides on Wikimedia Commons.