Bryoria fremontii

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Bryoria fremontii


Taxonavigation: Lecanorales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Lecanoromycetes
Subclassis: Lecanoromycetidae
Ordo: Lecanorales

Familia: Parmeliaceae
Subfamilia: Parmelioideae
Genus: Bryoria
Species: Bryoria fremontii


Bryoria fremontii (Tuck.) Brodo & D.Hawksw., 1977

Basionym: Alectoria fremontii Tuck., Amer. J. Sci. Arts, Ser. 2 25: 422 (1858)



  • Brodo & D. Hawksw., Op. bot. 42: 136 (1977)
  • Brodo, I.M., Sharnoff, S.D. and Sharnoff, S. (2001) Bryoria (pp. 179-186) In, Lichens of North America. Yale University Press, New Haven, 795 pages. (Description of Bryoria fremontii and distribution map for North America: p. 180; color photo: p. 180, plate 135)
  • Goward, T. 1999. The lichens of British Columbia - Illustrated Keys - Part 2 - Fruticose Species. Province of British Columbia, Ministry of Forests Research Program, 319 pp. (RLL List # 176 / Rec.# 6980 - Recent Literature on Lichens) Online Reference page. : Bryoria Brodo & D. Hawksw. (pp. 54-68) (Bryoria fremontii: p. 62)
  • Hale, M.E. and Cole, M. (1988) Bryoria Brodo & D. Hawksw. (pp. 138-144) In Lichens of California. University of California Press, 254 pages. (Description of Bryoria fremontii: pp. 141-142; black-and-white photo: p. 140, fig. 54c, and plate 1c)
  • McCune, B. and Geiser, L. (1997) Bryoria (pp. 29-41) Macrolichens of the Pacific Northwest. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis, 386 pp. (Description of Bryoria fremontii and color photo: p. 35)
  • Ryan, B.D. (2002) Bryoria (pp. 109-114) In: Nash III, T.H., Ryan, B.D, Gries, C. and Bungartz, F. (eds.), Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region, Vol. 1. Lichens Unlimited, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, 532 pages. (Description of Bryoria fremontii and distribution map for the Sonoran region: p. 111)
  • St. Clair, L.L. (1999) Bryoria Brodo & D. Hawksworth (pp. 39-40) In, A color guidebook to common Rocky Mountain lichens. M.L. Bean Life Science Museum of Brigham Young University Publisher, 242 pp. (Description of Bryoria fremontii and color photo: p. 40)
  • Velmala, S.; Myllys, L.; Halonen, P.; Goward, T. and Ahti, T. (2009) Molecular data show that Bryoria fremontii and B. tortuosa ( Parmeliaceae) are conspecific. The Lichenologist 41(3): 231–242. (doi:10.1017/S0024282909008573)
  • Wirth, V. (1995) Bryoria Brodo & D.Hawksw. (pp. 182-189) - Teil 1) In, Die Flechten Baden-Württembergs, Teil 1 & 2. Eugen Ulmer GmbH & Co., Stuttgart. 1006 pp.; in German. (Description of Bryoria fremontii: p. 186)

Links to photos[edit]

  • The Lichen Herbarium, Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, Norway (Photo Gallery) - Bryoria fremontii

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Edible horsehair,   Edible horsehair,   Tree-hair lichen,   Black tree-lichen,   Fremont's horsehair lichen
suomi: Kanadanluppo