Bixa orellana

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Bixa orellana

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Malvales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Malvales

Familia: Bixaceae
Genus: Bixa
Species: Bixa orellana

Name[edit]

Bixa orellana L.

Synonyms[edit]

  • Homotypic
    • Bixa tinctaria Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 369 (1796), nom. superfl.
    • Orellana orellana (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 9 (1898), not validly publ.
  • Heterotypic
    • Bixa orleana Noronha, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 5(4): 8 (1790), orth. var.
    • Bixa americana Poir. in J.B.A.P.M.de Lamarck, Encycl. 6: 229 (1804).
    • Bixa purpurea Sweet, Hort. Brit.: 33 (1826).
    • Bixa odorata Ruiz & Pav. ex G.Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 295 (1831).
    • Bixa acuminata Bojer, Hortus Maurit.: 20 (1837), not validly publ.
    • Orellana americana (Poir.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 44 (1891).
    • Orellana americana var. leiocarpa Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 45 (1891).
    • Orellana americana var. normalis Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 45 (1891), not validly publ.
    • Bixa upatensis Ram.Goyena, Fl. Nicarag. 1: 217 (1909).
    • Bixa orellana f. leiocarpa (Kuntze) J.F.Macbr., Publ. Field Columb. Mus., Bot. Ser. 14(4): 11 (1941).
    • Bixa orellana var. leiocarpa (Kuntze) Standl. & L.O.Williams, Fieldiana, Bot. 29: 358 (1961).
    • Bixa katangensis Delpierre, Taxon 19: 304 (1970).

Native distribution areas

Display the range areas:
  • Continental: Southern America
      • Argentina (Chaco, Cordoba, Formosa, Salta), S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina), Paraguay (Amambay, Central, Cordillera, Paraguari, Pres. Hayes), Venezuela (Amazonas, Aragua, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro, Distrito Federal, Monagas, Nueva Esparta, Sucre, Tachira), N-Brazil (Roraima, Amapa, Para, Amazonas, Tocantins, Acre, Rondonia), NE-Brazil (Ceara, Bahia), WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso, Goias), SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, Sao Paulo), Galapagos Isl., Peru, Ecuador, Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana, Colombia (Amazonas, Antioquia, Arauca, Atlntico, Bolvar, Boyac, Caldas, Caquet, Casanare, Cauca, Cesar, Choc, Crdoba, Cundinamarca, Guaviare, Huila, Magdalena, Meta, Nario, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Quindo, Risaralda, San Andrs, Providencia y Santa Catalina, Santander, Sucre, Tolima, Valle, Vaups, Vichada), Bolivia (Beni, Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Pando, Santa Cruz, Tarija), Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama
  • Continental: Northern America
      • Mexico (Tabasco, Chiapas, Yucatan, Quintana Roo, Campeche, etc.)

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Achiote
français: roucou, arbre à rouge à lèvre
suomi: Annatto
Tagalog: atsuwete
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Bixa orellana on Wikimedia Commons.