Betula chinensis

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Betula chinensis
Betula chinensis


Taxonavigation: Fagales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fagales

Familia: Betulaceae
Subfamilia: Betuloideae
Genus: Betula
Subgenus: Betula subg. Aspera
Sectio: Betula sect. Asperae
Subsectio: Betula subsect. Chinenses
Species: Betula chinensis


Betula chinensis Maxim., Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 54(1): 47 (1879).

  • Type locality: China; Hebei: Pohua Shan, near top of Mt. Conolly, 1600-1800 m.


  • Heterotypic
    • Betula exaltata S.Moore, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 17: 386 (1879).
    • Betula chinensis var. angusticarpa H.J.P.Winkl. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 61: 67 (1904).
    • Betula collina Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 29: 44 (1915).
    • Betula fauriei H.Lév. ex Nakai, Fl. Sylv. Kor. 2: 35 (1915), pro syn.
    • Betula chinensis var. lancifolia Nakai ex Mori, Enum. Pl. Corea: 115 (1922).
    • Betula chinensis f. linearisquama Hatus., Rep. Exp. Forest. Agric. Kyusk. Univ. 5: 54 (1934).
    • Betula chinensis var. collina (Nakai) Uyeki, Woody Pl. Distr. Chôsen: 13 (1940).
    • Betula chinensis var. nana Liou, Ill. Fl. Ligneous Pl. N. E. China: 201 (1955), no Latin descr.
    • Betula liaotungensis A.I.Baranov in T.N.Liou, Ill. Fl. Ligneous Pl. N. E. China: 559 (1958).
    • Betula chinensis f. nana (Liou) Kitag., Neolin. Fl. Manshur.: 213 (1979), basionym not validly publ.
    • Betula chinensis var. linearisquama (Hatus.) S.L.Tung, Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 1(1-2): 129 (1981).
    • Betula jiaodongensis S.B.Liang, Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 4(2): 155 (1984).
    • Betula ceratoptera G.H.Liu & Ma, Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 9(4): 55 (1989).
    • Betula chinensis f. lancifolia (Nakai ex T.Mori) M.Kim, Korean Endemic Pl.: 300 (2004).


Native distribution areas:
  • Asia-Temperate
    • China
      • China North-Central (Gansu, Hebei, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi), China Southeast, Henan, Inner Mongolia (Nei Mongol), Manchuria (Liaoning).
    • Eastern Asia
      • Korea (North Korea, South Korea).

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition


Additional references[edit]


Vernacular names[edit]

Deutsch: Chinesische Birke
English: Chinese birch
français: Bouleau de Chine
한국어: 개박달나무
Türkçe: Çin huşu
中文: 坚桦