Semibalanus balanoides

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Semibalanus balanoides


Taxonavigation: Balanoidea 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Cladus: Pancrustacea
Superclassis: Multicrustacea
Classis: Thecostraca
Subclassis: Cirripedia
Superordo: Thoracica
Ordo: Sessilia
Subordo: Balanomorpha
Superfamilia: Balanoidea

Familia: Archaeobalanidae
Subfamilia: Semibalaninae
Genus: Semibalanus
Species: Semibalanus balanoides
Subspecies (2): S. b. balanoides – S. b. calcaratus


  • Semibalanus balanoides (Linnaeus, 1767): 1108
    • Original genus: Lepas
    • Stratigraphic and geographic distribution: Miocene, Japan; Pliocene, England; living, North Atlantic boreoarctic to Spain and Cape Hatteras; North Pacific boreoarctic to Japan and British Columbia; intertidal, subtidal
    • Type locality: Sweden
    • Typus: lost
    • ZooBank: 1A36D227-C795-46FD-BFFB-BA2D9E855F4F





  • Anton, H.E. 1839. Verzeichniss der Conchylien welche sich in der Sammlung. Halle. BHL Reference page.  [See p. 108, no. 3392, as Balanus fissus, junior synonym]
  • Bruguiere, J.-G. 1789–1791. Encyclopedie methodique. Histoire naturelle de Vers 1(1): 158–178. (French) BHL  Reference page.  [See p, 166, as Balanus fistulosus, junior synonym]
  • Darwin, C. 1854. A monograph on the sub-class Cirripedia with figures of all species. Vol. 2: The Balanidae, The Verrucidae. BHL London: Ray Society. Reference page.  [See p. 267, as Balanus balanoides, generic re-assignment]
  • De Kay, J.E. 1844. Zoology of New-York, or the New-York fauna; comprising detailed descriptions of all the animals hitherto observed within the State of New-York; with brief notices of those occasionally found near its borders: and accompanied by appropriate illustrations. Part V, Mollusca. Carroll and Cook, Printers, Albany, NY. BHL Reference page.  [See p. 252, as Balanus interruptus, junior synonym]
  • Frey, H. & Leuckart, R. 1847. Beiträge zur Kenntniss Wirbelloser Thiere mit Besonderer Berücksichtigung der Fauna des Norddeutschen Meeres. Pp 136–168 In Frey & Leuckart Beiträge zur Kenntnis wirbelloser Thiere. Brunswick, Viehweg und Sohn, Braunschweig. Pp. 1-170. BHL Reference page.  [See p. 167, as Chthamalus germanus and Chthamalus philippi, junior synonyms]
  • Gmelin J.F., 1791. Caroli a Linné, systema naturae. Tom. I. Pars VI. Lipsiae. 13(6): 3021–3910. BHL Reference page.  [See p. 3213, as Lepas elongata, junior synonym]
  • Gould, A.A. 1841. Report on the Invertebrata of Massachusetts, comprising the Mollusca, Crustacea, Annelida, and Radiata. Cambridge: Folsom, Wells, and Thurston. 373 pp. BHL Reference page.  [See p. 17, as Balanus ovularis, junior synonym, and p. 18, as Balanus elongatus, generic re-assignment of Lepas elongata and junior synonym]
  • Lamarck, J.B. 1818. Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres ... précédée d'une introduction offrant la détermination des caractères essentiels de l'animal, sa distinction du végétal et des autres corps naturels, enfin, l'exposition des principes fondamentaux de la zoologie. Verdière, Paris. Tome 5, 612 p. [in French] BHL Reference page.  [See p. 394, as Balanus palmatus, junior synonym; reported in Pilsbry and Nilsson-Cantell as Balanus palmulatus in error]
  • Newman, W.A.; Ross, E. 1976: Revision of the balanomorph barnacles; including a catalog of the species. Memoirs of the San Diego Society of Natural History, (9) BHL Reference page.  [See p. 55, as Semibalanus balanoides, generic re-assignment]
  • Nilsson-Cantell, C.A. 1921: Cirripeden-studien zur kenhtnis der biologie, anatomie und systematik dieser gruppe. Zoologiska bidrag fran Uppsala, 7: 75–395. [in German] Open access BHL Reference page.  [See p. 328, as Balanus (Semibalanus) balanoides, synonymy, discussion; uses Frey & Levkart (sic), and Balanus ovulyris]
  • Pilsbry, H.A. 1916: The sessile barnacles (Cirripedia) contained in the collections of the US National Museum; including a monograph of the American species. Bulletin of the United States National Museum, (93) DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.1144 Reference page.  [See p. 182, as Balanus (Semibalanus) balanoides, synonymy and discussion; uses Frey & Leukart (sic)]
  • Pulteney, R. 1799: Catalogues of the birds, shells and some of the more rare plants of Dorsetshire. 92 pp. Reference page.  [See p. 25 as Balanus clavatus, junior synonym]

Vernacular names

magyar: Közönséges tengerimakk