Avicularia

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Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Theraphosoidea 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Classis: Arachnida
Ordo: Araneae
Subordo: Opisthothelae
Infraordo: Mygalomorphae
Superfamilia: Theraphosoidea

Familia: Theraphosidae
Subfamilia: Aviculariinae
Genus: Avicularia
Species: A. affinis – A. alticeps – A. ancylochira – A. anthracina – A. aurantiaca – A. avicularia – A. azuraklaasi – A. bicegoi – A. caei – A. cuminami – A. exilis – A. gamba – A. glauca – A. gracilis – A. hirschii – A. juruensis – A. lynnae – A. merianae – A. metallica – A. minatrix – A. nigrotaeniata – A. palmicola – A. pulchra – A. purpurea – A. rickwesti – A. rufa – A. rutilans – A. sooretama – A. soratae – A. taunayi – A. urticans – A.  variegata – A. velutina – A. versicolor

Species Nomina dubia[edit]

  • Avicularia adusta (C. L. Koch, 1836a: 37, Brazil, originally in Mygale) -- Bonnet, 1957: 2992.
  • Avicularia alticeps (Keyserling, 1878a: 609, originally in Ischnocolus, listed in Eurypelma by Roewer, 1942a: 238, j, Uruguay) [1] -- Fukushima, Pérez-Miles & Bertani, 2011: 530.
  • Avicularia arabica (Strand, 1908: 771, f, originally in Avicuscodra, supposedly Egypt but probably South America) [2] -- Fukushima & Bertani, 2017: 124.
  • Avicularia athletica (C. L. Koch, 1838: 18, Antilles, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1594.
  • Avicularia aurantiaca Bauer, 1996: 2, f. 1-4 (mf, Peru) [3] -- Fukushima & Bertani, 2017: 125, (probably S of A. rufa).
  • Avicularia australiana (Walckenaer, 1837: 227, Australia, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1595, Bonnet, 1957: 2992.
  • Avicularia azuraklaasi Tesmoingt, 1996d: 8, f. 1-8 (f, Peru) [4] -- Fukushima & Bertani, 2017: 129.
  • Avicularia barrowi (Walckenaer, 1835a: 646, South Africa, originally in Mygale) -- Bonnet, 1957: 2992.
  • Avicularia bicolor (Lucas, 1859a: 108, Brazil, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1595, Bonnet, 1957: 2992.
  • Avicularia braunshauseni Tesmoingt, 1999a: 14, f. 1-5 (f, Brazil) [5] -- Fukushima & Bertani, 2017: 129.
  • Avicularia californica Banks, 1906b: 95 (f, USA) -- Smith, 1995: 30.
  • Avicularia conformis (C. L. Koch, 1839a: 21, Antilles, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1595.
  • Avicularia detrita (C. L. Koch, 1842: 86, f. 746, m, Brazil, originally in Mygale) [6] -- Fukushima & Bertani, 2017: 126.
  • Avicularia doleschalli (Ausserer, 1871a: 189, j, Brazil, originally in Ischnocolus) [7] -- Fukushima & Bertani, 2017: 127.
  • Avicularia drassiformis (C. L. Koch, 1842: 69, Antilles, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1595, Bonnet, 1957: 2993.
  • Avicularia elegans (Blackwall, 1833: 441, locality unknown, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1595, Bonnet, 1957: 2993.
  • Avicularia fasciculata Strand, 1907l: 92 (mf, South America) [8] -- Fukushima & Bertani, 2017: 130.
  • Avicularia fasciculata clara Strand, 1907m: 467 (m, South America) [9] -- Fukushima & Bertani, 2017: 130.
  • Avicularia felina (C. L. Koch, 1842: 96, locality unknown, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1595, Bonnet, 1957: 2993.
  • Avicularia fervida (C. L. Koch, 1842: 78, Brazil, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1595, Bonnet, 1957: 2993.
  • Avicularia fimbriata (C. L. Koch, 1841a: v. 9, 50, Brazil, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1595.
  • Avicularia fusca (Perty, 1833: 191, Brazil, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1595, Bonnet, 1957: 2993.
  • Avicularia geroldi Tesmoingt, 1999b: 17, f. 1-8 (mf, Brazil) [10] -- Fukushima & Bertani, 2017: 129.
  • Avicularia herculea (C. L. Koch, 1839: 21, Australia, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1595, Bonnet, 1957: 2993.
  • Avicularia hirsuta (Walckenaer, 1835a: 646, Uruguay, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1595, Bonnet, 1957: 2993.
  • Avicularia hirsutissima (C.L. Koch, 1842: 76, f. 738, f, South America, originally in Mygale) -- Fukushima & Bertani, 2017: 126, (removed from S of A. avicularia).
  • Avicularia holmbergi Thorell, 1890a: 399 (mf, French Guiana) [11] -- Fukushima & Bertani, 2017: 127.
  • Avicularia hostilis (Walckenaer, 1837: 219, locality unknown, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1595, Bonnet, 1957: 2993.
  • Avicularia huriana Tesmoingt, 1996a: 6, f. 1-18 (f, Ecuador) [12] -- Fukushima & Bertani, 2017: 129.
  • Avicularia longitarsis Audouin, in Latreille, 1832: 75, Madagascar, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1596, Bonnet, 1957: 2993.
  • Avicularia lycosiformis (C. L. Koch, 1842: 85, f. 745, f, Brazil, Guyana, originally in Mygale, T to Trechona by C. L. Koch, 1850: 74, here by Pedroso, Baptista & Ferreira, 2008: 366) [13] -- Pedroso, Baptista & Ferreira, 2008: 366.
  • Avicularia maculata (Walckenaer, 1805: 4, Jamaica, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1596, Bonnet, 1957: 2994.
  • Avicularia mendozina (Holmberg, 1876: 5, Argentina, originally in Mygale) -- Mello-Leitão, 1933b: 8, sub Eurypelma; Roewer, 1955c: 1596.
  • Avicularia metallica Ausserer, 1875: 185 (f, Suriname) [14] -- Fukushima & Bertani, 2017: 123.
  • Avicularia mexicana (Bellevoye, 1870: 108, Mexico, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1596, Bonnet, 1957: 2994.
  • Avicularia mindanao (Walckenaer, 1847a: 370, Philippines, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1596, Bonnet, 1957: 2994.
  • Avicularia mutata (Ausserer, 1871a: 195, Brazil, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1596, Bonnet, 1957: 2994.
  • Avicularia notasiana (Walckenaer, 1805: 5, Australia, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1596, Bonnet, 1957: 2994.
  • Avicularia ochracea (Perty, 1833: 191, pl. 38, f. 2, f, Brazil, originally in Mygale) [15] -- Fukushima & Bertani, 2017: 128.
  • Avicularia pumilio (Perty, 1833: 191, Brazil, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1596, Bonnet, 1957: 2994.
  • Avicularia rapax (Ausserer, 1875: 200, pl. 7, f. 45, m, South America, originally in Eurypelma) [16] -- Fukushima & Bertani, 2017: 127.
  • Avicularia reichii (C. L. Koch, 1842: 30, locality unknown, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1596.
  • Avicularia rufidens (C. L. Koch, 1842: 51, Brazil, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1596.
  • Avicularia soratae Strand, 1907a: 556 (f, Bolivia) [17] -- Fukushima & Bertani, 2017: 129.
  • Avicularia splendens (Nicolet, 1849: 335, pl. 1, f. 4, m, Chile, originally in Mygale, placed in Brachythele by Simon, 1889a: 221, in Tryssothele=Acanthogonatus by Roewer but not by Goloboff, 1995) -- Bonnet, 1957: 2994.
  • Avicularia surinamensis Strand, 1907l: 90 (f, Suriname) [18] -- Fukushima & Bertani, 2017: 130.
  • Avicularia testacea (C. L. Koch, 1841 [vol. 8]: 45, f. 719, m, originally in Mygale) -- Fukushima & Bertani, 2017: 126, (removed from S of A. avicularia).
  • Avicularia tigrina (Pocock, 1903b: 109, originally in Pterinopelma, T to Eurypelma by Simon, 1903a: 937, mf, Uruguay) [19] -- Fukushima, Pérez-Miles & Bertani, 2011: 531.
  • Avicularia ulrichea Tesmoingt, 1996b: 2, f. 1B (f, Brazil) [20] -- Fukushima & Bertani, 2017: 129.
  • Avicularia ursina (C. L. Koch, 1842: 93, Antilles, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1597.
  • Avicularia walckenaeri (Perty, 1833: 191, pl. 38, f. 3, f, Brazil, originally in Mygale) [21] -- Fukushima & Bertani, 2017: 128.

Name[edit]

Avicularia Lamarck, 1818

Type species: Aranea avicularia Linnaeus, 1758, by subsequent designation (ICZN 1957)

Synonymy[edit]

  • Ancylochiros Mello-Leitão, 1920 (synonymized by Raven, 1985: 149)
    • Type species: Ancylochiros taunayi Cândido Firmino de Mello-Leitão 1920
  • Avicuscodra Strand, 1908 (synonymized by Gallon, 2008: 243)
    • Type species: Avicuscodra arabica Embrik Strand, 1908
  • Eurypelma Koch, 1850 (synonymized by Raven, 1985: 153)
    • Type species: Aranea avicularia Carolus Linnaeus [1758]

References[edit]

  • Bertani, R.; Fukushima, C.S. 2009: Description of two new species of Avicularia Lamarck 1818 and redescription of Avicularia diversipes (C.L. Koch 1842) (Araneae, Theraphosidae, Aviculariinae) — three possibly threatened Brazilian species. Zootaxa, 2223: 25–47. Abstract & excerpt PDF
  • Bertani, R. & Huff, J., 2013: Avicularia rickwesti sp. nov., a remarkable new species of Avicularia (Theraphosidae: Aviculariinae) from Dominican Republic. Zoologia, 30 (3): 333–337. Full article: [22].
  • Fukushima, C.S. & Bertani, R. 2017. Taxonomic revision and cladistic analysis of Avicularia Lamarck, 1818 (Araneae, Theraphosidae, Aviculariinae) with description of three new aviculariine genera. ZooKeys 659: 1–185. DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.659.10717 Reference page
  • Lamarck, J.P.B.A. de M. de 1818. Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres ... précédée d'une introduction offrant la détermination des caractères essentiels de l'animal, sa distinction du végétal et des autres corps naturels, enfin, l'exposition des principes fondamentaux de la zoologie. Verdière, Paris. Tome 5, 612 p. [in French] BHL Reference page

Links[edit]

  • Platnick, N. I. 2008. The World Spider Catalog, version 9.0. American Museum of Natural History. [23]

Vernacular names[edit]

Ελληνικά: Αβικουλάρια