Avicennia officinalis

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Avicennia officinalis


Taxonavigation: Lamiales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Acanthaceae
Subfamilia: Avicennioideae
Genus: Avicennia
Species: Avicennia officinalis


Avicennia officinalis L., 1753


  • Heterotypic
    • Avicennia obovata Griff. in Not. Pl. Asiat. 4: 189 (1854)
    • Avicennia oepata Buch.-Ham. in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 17: 221 (1835)
    • Avicennia officinalis var. acuminata Domin in Biblioth. Bot. 22(89): 562 (1928)
    • Avicennia officinalis f. flaviflora Kuntze in Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 249 (1898)
    • Avicennia officinalis f. tomentosa Kuntze in Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 249 (1898)
    • Halodendrum thouarsii Roem. & Schult. in Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 3: 485 (1818)
    • Racka ovata Roem. & Schult. in Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 3: 207 (1818)
    • Racka torrida J.F.Gmel. in Syst. Nat. ed. 13[bis].: 245 (1791)


Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Indian subcontinent
      • Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Southeastern Asia
      • Andaman Is., Borneo, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand
    • Regional: Indo-China
      • Cambodia, Vietnam
  • Continental: Australasia
    • Regional: Papuasia
      • New Guinea
    • Regional: Australia
      • New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition


Primary references[edit]

Additional references[edit]

  • Govaerts, R.H.A. 2003. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [unavailable for the public] Reference page


Vernacular names[edit]

Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Avicennia officinalis on Wikimedia Commons.