Apteronotus anu

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Taxonavigation: Gymnotiformes 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis/Superclassis: Osteichthyes
Superclassis/Classis: Actinopterygii
Classis/Infraclassis: Actinopteri
Subclassis: Neopterygii
Infraclassis: Teleostei
Superordo: Ostariophysi
Series: Otophysi
Ordo: Gymnotiformes

Familia: Apteronotidae
Genus: Apteronotus
Species: Apteronotus anu


Apteronotus anu de Santana & Vari, 2013

  • Holotype: MCNG 24991.
  • Paratypes: INHS 34978 (1), 59885 (1), 35364 (16), 35443 (1), 59949 (1), 60284 (6), 60468 (1); MCZ 52023 (1 c&s); USNM 121592 (1), 121593 (3), 121595 (6).

Type locality: Venezuela, Zulia, Rio Negro, 12 km south of Machiques [1] on way to Tokuko at the bridge.

Etymology: The species name anu is in reference to the Añu indigenous peoples who lived along the shores of Lago Maracaibo in traditional houses termed Palafitos, which they built above the lake. Such housing reminded early European explorers of Venice, Italy, and may have been the basis for the application of the name Venezuela to the region.


  • de Santana, C. D. & Vari, R. P.; 2013: Brown ghost electric fishes of the Apteronotus leptorhynchus species-group (Ostariophysi, Gymnotiformes); monophyly, major clades, and revision. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 168 (3): 564–596.