Anaxyrus terrestris

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Anaxyrus terrestris

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Anura 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Amphibia
Subclassis: Lissamphibia
Ordo: Anura

Familia: Bufonidae
Genus: Anaxyrus
Species: Anaxyrus terrestris

Name[edit]

Anaxyrus terrestris (Bonnaterre, 1789)

Type locality: "Charleston, South Carolina", USA.

Holotype: Frog illustrated as Rana terrestris by Catesby, 1743, Nat. Hist. Carolina Florida Bahama Is.: 69, pl. 69..

Note:[edit]

The recognition of Anaxyrus as a genus distinct from Bufo is highly controversial, and has not been accepted by many herpetologists working with this group. For a complete phylogeny of the species in this group and their relationships as a subgroup within Bufo, see Pauly et al. (2004).

Synonyms[edit]

  • Rana musica Linnaeus, 1766, Syst. Nat., Ed. 12, 1(1): 354
  • Buffo clamosus Lacépède, 1788
  • Rana terrestris Bonnaterre, 1789
  • Bufo musicusBonnaterre, 1789
  • Bufo rufus Schneider, 1799
  • Bufo clamosus Schneider, 1799
  • Rana lentiginosa Shaw, 1802
  • Bufo erythronotus Holbrook, 1838
  • Bufo musicusTschudi, 1838
  • Bufo lentiginosusHolbrook, 1839
  • Telmatobius lentiginosusLeConte, 1855
  • Incilius lentiginosusCope, 1863
  • Bufo terrestrisBrocchi, 1882
  • Bufo lentiginosus pachycephalus Cope, 1889
  • Bufo lentiginosus lentiginosusCope, 1889

References[edit]

  • Bonnaterre, 1789, Tab. Encyclop. Method. Trois Reg. Nat., Erp.: 8.
  • Pauly, G. B., D. M. Hillis, and D. C, Cannatella. (2004) The history of a Nearctic colonization: Molecular phylogenetics and biogeography of the Nearctic toads (Bufo). Evolution 58: 2517–2535.
  • Frost, Darrel R. 2018. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. Electronic Database accessible at http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. Anaxyrus terrestris . Accessed on 26 Mar 2008.
  • World Conservation Monitoring Centre IUCN: Anaxyrus terrestris  (Least Concern)

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Southern Toad, Common American Toad
日本語: ナンブヒキガエル