Anaxyrus exsul

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Anaxyrus exsul

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Anura 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Amphibia
Subclassis: Lissamphibia
Ordo: Anura

Familia: Bufonidae
Genus: Anaxyrus
Species: Anaxyrus exsul

Name[edit]

Anaxyrus exsul (Myers, 1942)

Type locality: "Deep Springs, Deep Springs Valley, Inyo County, California", USA.

Holotype: UMMZ 83357.

Note:[edit]

The recognition of Anaxyrus as a genus distinct from Bufo is highly controversial, and has not been accepted by many herpetologists working with this group. For a complete phylogeny of the species in this group and their relationships as a subgroup within Bufo, see Pauly et al. (2004).

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Myers, 1942, Occas. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, 460: 3.
  • Pauly, G. B., D. M. Hillis, and D. C, Cannatella. (2004) The history of a Nearctic colonization: Molecular phylogenetics and biogeography of the Nearctic toads (Bufo). Evolution 58: 2517–2535.
  • Frost, Darrel R. 2018. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. Electronic Database accessible at http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. Anaxyrus exsul . Accessed on 26 Mar 2008.
  • World Conservation Monitoring Centre IUCN: Anaxyrus exsul  (Vulnerable)

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Black Toad; Inyo Toad