Anaxyrus californicus

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Anaxyrus californicus


Taxonavigation: Anura 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Amphibia
Subclassis: Lissamphibia
Ordo: Anura

Familia: Bufonidae
Genus: Anaxyrus
Species: Anaxyrus californicus


Anaxyrus californicus (Camp, 1915)

Type locality: "Santa Paula, 800 feet altitude, Ventura County, California", USA.

Holotype: MVZ 4364.


The recognition of Anaxyrus as a genus distinct from Bufo is highly controversial, and has not been accepted by many herpetologists working with this group. For a complete phylogeny of the species in this group and their relationships as a subgroup within Bufo, see Pauly et al. (2004).


  • Bufo cognatus californicus Camp, 1915
  • Bufo californicusMyers, 1930
  • Bufo compactilis californicusLinsdale, 1940
  • Bufo woodhousii californicusShannon, 1949
  • Bufo microscaphus californicusStebbins, 1951


  • Camp, Charles L. (1915) Batrachoseps major and Bufo cognatus californicus, new Amphibia from Southern California. University of California publications in zoology 12 (12): 327–334.
  • Pauly, G. B., D. M. Hillis, and D. C. Cannatella. (2004) The history of a Nearctic colonization: Molecular phylogenetics and biogeography of the Nearctic toads (Bufo). Evolution 58: 2517–2535.
  • Frost, Darrel R. 2018. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. Electronic Database accessible at American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. Anaxyrus californicus . Accessed on 26 Mar 2008.
  • World Conservation Monitoring Centre IUCN: Anaxyrus californicus  (Endangered)

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Arroyo toad