Anamorphic fungi

From Wikispecies
Jump to: navigation, search

Taxonavigation[edit]

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Fungi
Divisio (Phylum): Anamorphic fungi
Morphological group (≈Classis): Hyphomycetes - Agonomycetes - Coelomycetes

Unplaced genera (5): Corynesporella – Lobatopedis – Minimelanolocus – Paradendryphiopsis – Zasmidium

Name[edit]

"anamorphic fungi"

Similar groups

  • "mitosporic fungi"
  • "conidial fungi"
  • Hyphomycetes Martius, 1817 + Coelomycetes Grove, 1919
  • Fungi imperfecti Fuckel, 1869, Lindau in Engler & Prantl, 1900
  • Fungi inferiores Saccardo, 1879, Saccardo et al., 1882
  • Deuteromycetae Saccardo, 1899
  • Deuteromycetes Clements & Shear, 1931
  • Deuteromycotina Ainsworth et al., 1973
  • Deuteromycota Whittaker & Margulis, 1978

Alternative classifications[edit]

Saccardo et al. (1882-1972)[edit]

Saccardo, P.A. 1882–1972. Sylloge fungorum omnium hucusque cognitorum. 26 vols. Ann Arbor, MI: Edwards Brothers, [1]. See also UBO, [2]

Fungaceae

[Note 1, according to UBO:

  • Some authors include Moniliales and Agonomycetales in the Hyphomycetes;
  • Grove (1919) grouped Melanconiales and Sphaeropsidales in the Coelomycetes.]

[Note 2, according to UBO:

Lindau in Engler & Prantl (1900)[edit]

Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, 1st ed., [3].

Pflanzen

Clements & Shear (1931)[edit]

The genera of fungi, [4].

Fungi

Ainsworth (1971)[edit]

Ainsworth, G.C. (1971). Ainsworth & Bisby's dictionary of the fungi (6th ed.). Commonwealth Mycological Institute, Kew, Surrey, 663 p. From UBO, [5].

Fungi

Ainsworth et al. (1973)[edit]

Ainsworth, G. C., Sparrow, F. K. & Sussman, A. S. (eds). The Fungi: An Advanced Treatise. Vol. IV A (A taxonomic review with keys. Ascomycetes and Fungi Imperfecti), 1973, [6]. From Sharma (1989), [7].

Fungi

Luttrell (1979), Kendrick & Watling (1979)[edit]

Luttrell, E.S. (1979). Deuteromycetes and their relationships. In: The Whole Fungus, vol. 1 (ed. B. Kendrick), pp. 241–264. Ottawa: Published by the National Museum of Natural Sciences, the National Museums of Canada and the Kananaskis Foundation, [8].

Kendrick, B. & Watling, R. (1979). Mitospores in basidiomycetes. In: The Whole Fungus, vol. 2 (ed. B. Kendrick), pp. 473-545. Ottawa: Published by the National Museum of Natural Sciences, the National Museums of Canada and the Kananaskis Foundation, [9].

Class Deuteromycetes

  • Subclass 1. Basidiodeuteromycetidae [by Kendrick & Watling, 1979]
    • (1) Blastic solitary conidia:
      • (A) on hyphae
      • (B) on basidiospores
    • (2) Blastic solitary conidia forcibly discharged -- ballistospores
    • (3) Blastic conidia on discrete conidiophores -- Haplotrichum-type:
      • (A) formed singly on pegs or denticles
      • (E) formed in unbranched or branched acropetal chains
    • (4) Blastic synchronous conidia formed on an ampulliform conidiophore apex -- Spiniger-type
    • (5) Blastic conidia formed in unbranched or branched acropetal chains in the absence of discrete conidiophores -- yeast-like budding
    • (6) Blastic-sympodial conidia
    • (7) Blastic-annellidic conidia
    • (8) Blastic-phialidic conidia
    • (9) Thallic-meristem conidia
    • (10) Thallic-arthric conidia
    • (11) Chlamydospores:
      • (A) Solitary terminal chlamydospores: no discrete conidiophore
      • (B) Terminal chlamydospores on branches of a discrete conidiophore -- Allescheriella-type
      • (C) Terminal and lateral chlamydospores on branches of a discrete conidiophore -- Sporotrichum-type
      • (D) Terminal and intercalary chlamydospores, often forming in chains -- Asterophora-type
      • (E) Miscellaneous chlamydospores
      • (F) Stephanocysts
    • (12) Modified clamp connections:
      • (A) Disarticulated clamp connections
      • (E) Modified hyphal systems
      • (C) Complex clamp connections
      • (D) Chlamydospores and Stephanocysts.
    • (13) Stauroconidia:
      • (A) Modified hyphal systems
      • (B) Aggregations of propagules
      • (C) 'Tetraradiate' propagules.
    • (14) Bulbils and similar propagules:
      • (A) True bulbils
      • (B) Bulbilloid bodies
      • (C) Centripetally developing prosenchymata
      • (D) 'Bulbilloid' bodies in splash cups
      • (E) 'Bulbilloid' bodies on stalks
      • (F) Bromatia
  • Subclass 2. Ascodeuteromycetidae [by Luttrell, 1979]

Dörfelt (1989)[edit]

Dörfelt, Heinrich (Hrsg.): Lexikon der Mykologie. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, New York. 1989.

Fungi imperfecti

Kieffer & Morelet (1997)[edit]

Kieffer, E. & Morelet, M. 1997. Les deutéromycètes: classification et clés d’identification génériques. Paris, INRA,‎ [10]. English translation, 2000, [11].

Deutéromycètes [p. 53]

  • Thalloconidies (conidies thalliques; issues d'une partie préexiestente du thalle)
    • Arthrosporés [Ch. II]
    • Arthrosporés méristématiques [Ch. II]
    • Conidies holothalliques = Thalloaleuriosporés
  • Conidies vraies (conidies blastiques; issues d'un processus de bourgeonnement)
    • Conidies holoblastiques = Blastosporés (sensu lato) [Ch. III]
      • Aleuriosporés (= Hyphales) et Monoblastosporés (= Conidiomales) [Ch. IV]
      • Annellophorés et Annelloblastosporés (Annellosporés holoblastiques) [Ch. V]
      • Sympodulosporés [Ch. VI]
      • Acroblastosporés [Ch. VII]
      • Botryoblastosporés [Ch. VIII]
      • Porosporés [Ch. IX]
    • Conidies entéroblastiques
      • Phialosporés [Ch. X]
      • Annélidés (Annellosporés entéroblastiques) [Ch. XI]
    • Groupe à conidiophores basauxiques
      • Deutéromycètes basauxiques [Ch. XII]
  • Mycelia sterilia ou Agonomycètes [Ch. XIII]

Barnett & Hunter (1998)[edit]

Barnett, H.L. & Hunter, B.B. (1998). Illustrated genera of imperfect fungi. 4th ed. Burgess Publishing Company: Minneapolis, 241 p.

"Saccardo system of classification"

"Hughes-Tubaki-Barron system of classification"

Bibliography[edit]

  • Arx, J.A. von. (1970). The genera of fungi sporulating in pure culture. J. Cramer: Vaduz, [12]. (2nd ed., 1974, [13]; 3rd ed, 1981).
  • Cole, G.T. & Kendrick, B., eds. (1981). Biology of conidial fungi. Academic Press: New York, [14], [15].
  • Seifert, K. A. & Gams, W. 2001. The taxonomy of anamorphic fungi. In: McLaughlin, D. J., McLaughlin, E. G. & Lemke, P. A. (eds.), The Mycota VII part A. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag. p. 307-347, [16].
  • Université de Bretagne Occidentale (UBO). Identification et Classification des Deutéromycètes, [17].

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Deuteromycota
français: Deuteromycota
polski: Grzyby niedoskonałe