Alternanthera pungens

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Alternanthera pungens
Alternanthera pungens

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Caryophyllales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Amaranthaceae s.l.
Cladus: Amaranthaceae s.str.
Subfamilia: Gomphrenoideae
Genus: Alternanthera
Species: Alternanthera pungens

Name[edit]

Alternanthera pungens Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. [H.B.K.] 2: 206. (1818)

  • Type locality: Venezuela: "Crescit in ripa Orinoci prope nobilem cataractam Maypurensium".
  • Humboldt & Bonpland #s.n.

Synonyms[edit]

  • Homotypic
    • Illecebrum pungens (Kunth) Spreng., Syst. Veg., ed. 16 [Sprengel] 1: 820 (1824).
    • Telanthera pungens (Kunth) Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 371 (1849).
  • Heterotypic (ref. Govaerts 2019, Hassler 2019)
    • Achyranthes leiantha (Seub.) Standl., J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 5: 73 (1915).
    • Achyranthes lorentzii (Uline) Standl., J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 5: 74 (1915).
    • Achyranthes obovata Pav. ex Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 359 (1849), nom. inval. in syn. (non Achyranthes obovata (M.Martens & Galeotti) Standl. 1915).
    • Achyranthes repens L., Sp. Pl. 1: 205 (1753).
    • Alternanthera achyrantha R.Br. ex Sweet, Hort. Suburb. Lond. 48 (1818).
    • Alternanthera achyrantha var. echinata (Sm.) Maiden, Agricultural Gazette of New South Wales (1910).
    • Alternanthera achyrantha var. leiantha Seub., Fl. Bras. (Martius) 5(1): 183 (1875).
    • Alternanthera ciliata Poepp. ex Seub., Fl. Bras. (Martius) 5(1): 183 (1875).
    • Alternanthera echinata Sm., Cycl. [A. Rees], (London ed.) 39: Addenda, Alternanthera no. 10 (1819).
    • Alternanthera leiantha (Seub.) Alain, Contr. Ocas. Mus. Hist. Nat. Colegio De La Salle no. 9: 1 (1950).
    • Alternanthera lorentzii Uline, Publ. Field Columb. Mus., Bot. Ser. 1: 421 (1899).
    • Alternanthera pungens var. leiantha (Seub.) Suess., Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München heft 4: 103 (1952).
    • Alternanthera pungens var. monocephala (Bolus & Marcos) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Butl. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., Secc. Bot. 38(1): 89 (1974).
    • Alternanthera pungens f. pauciflora Suess., Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München heft 2: 68 (1950).
    • Alternanthera thomensis Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 223 (1919).
    • Bucholzia spinescens Gillies ex Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 359 (1849), nom. inval. in syn.
    • Celosia echinata Humb. & Bonpl. ex Schult., Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis [Roemer & Schultes] 5: 531 (1819).
    • Desmochaeta sordida Bunbury, Proc. Linn. Soc. London 1: 109 (1841).
    • Guilleminea procumbens Rojas Acosta, Cat. Hist. Nat. Corrientes 176 (1897).
    • Illecebrum obliquum Schumach. & Thonn., Beskr. Guin. Pl. 142 (1827).
    • Illecebrum sinense hort ex Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 359 (1849), nom. inval. in syn.
    • Paronychia achyrantha Desf., Tabl. École Bot., ed. 2. 54 (1815).
    • Pityranthus crassifolius Mart., Denkschr. Akad. Muench. v. (1817) 179.
    • Steiremis repens (L.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 41 (1837).
  • (+ ref. Hassler 2019)
    • Achyranthes mucronata Lam., Encycl. [J. Lamarck & al.] 1(2): 547 (1785).
    • Achyranthes radicans Cav., Anal. Hist. Nat. Madr. 3: 27 (1801)
    • Alternanthera repens (L.) Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 154 (1821), nom. illeg. (later homonym of Alternanthera repens Gmel. 1791)
    • Alternanthera repens Steud., Nomencl. Bot. [Steudel] 34 (1821), nom. inval. in syn.
    • Alternanthera repens (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 536, 540 (1891), isonym, nom. illeg.
    • Alternanthera repens f. monocephala O.Bolòs & A.Marcos
    • Illecebrum achyrantha L., Sp. Pl., ed. 2. 1: 299 (1762), nom. illeg. superfl.
    • Illecebrum ramosum hort ex Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 359 (1849), nom. inval. in syn.
    • Pupalia sordida (Bunbury) Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 333 (1849).

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Northern America
    • Mexico
      • Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest
  • Southern America
    • Caribbean
      • Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Puerto Rico
    • Northern South America
      • Venezuela
    • Western South America
      • Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • Brazil
      • Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central
    • Southern South America
      • Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Paraguay, Uruguay

Introduced elsewhere.


References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Alternanthera pungens on Wikimedia Commons.