Alstonia scholaris

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Alstonia scholaris

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Gentianales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids I
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Apocynaceae
Subfamilia: Rauvolfioideae
Tribus: Alstonieae
Genus: Alstonia
Species: Alstonia scholaris

Name[edit]

Alstonia scholaris (L.) R.Br., 1810

Synonyms[edit]

  • Basionym
    • Echites scholaris L., Mant. Pl. 1: 55 (1767).
  • Homotypic
    • Nerium septaparna Jones, Asiat. Res. 4: 272 (1795), nom. superfl.
    • Pala scholaris (L.) Roberty, Bull. Inst. Franç. Afrique Noire 15: 1426 (1953).
  • Heterotypic
    • Echites pala Buch.-Ham. ex Spreng., Syst. Veg. 1: 633 (1824).
    • Alstonia scholaris var. avae A.DC. in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 8: 409 (1844).
    • Alstonia scholaris var. blumei A.DC., Prodr. 8: 409 (1844).
    • Alstonia spectabilis Kurz, Forest Fl. Burma 2: 183 (1877), nom. illeg.
    • Alstonia kurzii Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 643 (1882).
    • Alstonia scholaris var. velutina Monach., Pacific Sci. 3: 150 (1949).

Native distribution areas

Display the range areas:
Alstonia scholaris
  • Continental: Asie
      • China (SW-Guangxi, S-Yunnan, Fujian (I), Guangdong (I), Hainan (I), Hunan (I)), Taiwan (I), Java, Cambodia, India (drier parts), Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, peninsular Malaysia (Kedah, Kelantan, Terengganu, Pahang, Selangor, Melaka, Johor), Myanmar [Burma] (Bago, Kachin, Mandalay, Shan, Taninthayi, Yangon), Bhutan, Darjeeling, Pakistan (I), Andaman Isl. (North Andaman Isl., Middle Andaman Isl., South Andaman Isl.), Nicobar Isl. (Central Nicobar Isl., Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.), Sumatra, Borneo, Java, Philippines (Luzon to Mindanao), Palawan, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isl., Moluccas, New Guinea

References: Brummitt, R.K. (2001) TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

  • Brown, R. , 1810. On the Asclepiadeae. A Natural Order of Plants Separated from the Apocineae of Jussieu. London 64. 1810 (Mem. Wern. Nat. Hist. Soc. 1:75. 1811)
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database]. [1]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

বাংলা: ছাতিম গাছ
English: Blackboard tree, Indian devil tree
മലയാളം: ഏഴിലം‌പാല
मराठी: सातवीण , सप्तपर्णी , सैतान
suomi: Aasiansaitanpuu
ไทย: พญาสัตบรรณ
Tiếng Việt: Hoa sữa
中文: 黑板樹
For more multimedia, look at Alstonia scholaris on Wikimedia Commons.