Abies fraseri

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Abies fraseri, Clingman's Dome, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee, USA
The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Abies fraseri is listed as Endangered.


Taxonavigation: Pinales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Tracheophyta
Divisio: Pinophyta
Classis: Pinopsida
Ordo: Pinales

Familia: Pinaceae
Genus: Abies
Sectio: A. sect. Balsamea
Species: Abies fraseri


Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poir. in J.B.A.M.de Lamarck, Encycl., Suppl. 5: 35 (1817).


  • Basionym
    • Pinus fraseri Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 2: 639 (1813).
  • Homotypic
    • Picea fraseri (Pursh) Loudon, Arbor. Frutic. Brit. 4: 2340 (1838).
    • Abies balsamea var. fraseri (Pursh) Spach, Hist. Nat. Vég. 11: 422 (1841).
    • Picea balsamea var. fraseri (Pursh) J.Nelson, Pinaceae: 179 (1866).
    • Abies balsamea subsp. fraseri (Pursh) A.E.Murray, Kalmia 12: 18 (1982).
  • Heterotypic
    • Abies humilis Bach.Pyl., Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 4: 437 (1826).
    • Picea hudsonia Gordon & Glend., Pinetum: 148 (1858).
    • Abies fraseri f. prostrata Rehder, J. Arnold Arbor. 9: 30 (1928).
    • Abies fraseri var. prostrata (Rehder) Hornibr., Dwarf Conifers, ed. 2: 25 (1939).


Native distribution areas:
  • Northern America
    • Southeastern U.S.A.
      • North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition


Additional references[edit]


Vernacular names[edit]

Deutsch: Fraser-Tanne
English: Fraser Fir
eesti: Fraseri nulg
suomi: Virginianpihta
перем коми: Фразер ньыв
Nederlands: Fraserspar
polski: Jodła Frasera
удмурт: Фразер ньылпу
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Abies fraseri on Wikimedia Commons.