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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Phylum: Amoebozoa
Subphyla: Conosa - Lobosa - ?Protamoebae


Amoebozoa Lühe, 1913 emend. Cavalier-Smith, 1998

Alternative classifications[edit]

Lühe (1913)[edit]


Cavalier-Smith (1998)[edit]


Hausmann et al. (2003)[edit]

From Hausmann, K., N. Hulsmann, R. Radek. Protistology. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchshandlung, Stuttgart, 2003.

Empire Eukaryota Chatton, 1925 (= Eukarya)

Cavalier-Smith et al. (2004)[edit]


Smirnov et al. (2005)[edit]


Adl et al. (2005)[edit]

From The new higher level classification of eukaryotes with emphasis on the taxonomy of protists, [1].


Smirnov et al. (2011)[edit]


Adl et al. (2012)[edit]

From The Revised Classification of Eukaryotes, [2].


[Notes: M, monotypic group with only one described species; P, paraphyletic group; R, ribogroup assembled from phylogenetic studies.]

Selected references[edit]

Additional references[edit]

  • Adl, S.M. et al. 2005: The new higher level classification of eukaryotes with emphasis on the taxonomy of protists. Journal of eukaryotic microbiology, 52(5): 399-451. PDF
  • Cavalier-Smith, T. 1998: A revised six-kingdom system of life, Biological Reviews 73 (3): 203–66.
  • Cavalier-Smith, T.; Chao, E.E.-Y.; Oates, B. 2004: Molecular phylogeny of Amoebozoa and the evolutionary significance of the unikont Phalansterium. European journal of protistology, 40: 21-48.
  • Cavalier-Smith, T. 2009: Megaphylogeny, cell body plans, adaptive zones: causes and timing of eukaryote basal radiations. Journal of eukaryotic microbiology, 56: 26-33. DOI: 10.1111/j.1550-7408.2008.00373.x Abstract
  • Luhe M 1913: Erstes Urreich der Tiere. In: Lang A, editor. Handbuch der morphologie der wirbellosen Tiere. Jena: G. Fischer. 416 p.
  • Minge, M.A.; Silberman, J.D.; Orr, R.J.S.; Cavalier-Smith, T.; Shalchian-Tabrizi, K.; Burki, F.; Skjæveland, A.; Jakobsen, K.S. 2009: Evolutionary position of breviate amoebae and the primary eukaryote divergence. Proceedings of the Royal Society (B), 276: 597-604. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2008.1358
  • Nikolaev, S.I.; Berney, C.; Petrov, N.B.; Mylnikov, A.P.; Fahrni, J.F.; Pawlowski, J. 2006: Phylogenetic position of Multicilia marina and the evolution of Amoebozoa. International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology, 56: 1449-1458. DOI 10.1099/ijs.0.63763-0 PDF
  • Parfrey LW, Barbero E, Lasser E, Dunthorn M, Bhattacharya D, et al. (2006) Evaluating Support for the Current Classification of Eukaryotic Diversity. PLoS Genet 2(12): e220. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.0020220
  • Pawlowski, J.; Burki, F. 2009: Untangling the phylogeny of amoeboid protists. Journal of eukaryotic microbiology, 56: 16–25. DOI: 10.1111/j.1550-7408.2008.00379.x Abstract PDF
  • Smirnov, A., Chao, E., Nassonova, E. & Cavalier-Smith, T. 2011. A revised classification of naked lobose amoebae (Amoebozoa: Lobosa). Protist, 162:545–570.
  • Smirnov A, Nassonova E, Berney C, Fahrni J, Bolivar I, et al. 2005: Molecular phylogeny and classification of the lobose amoebae. Protist 156: 129–142.


Vernacular names[edit]

English: amoebozoans
français: Amibe
lietuvių: Ameboidiniai
日本語: アメーボゾア
português: Amebozoários
Türkçe: Kökbacaklılar
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Amoebozoa on Wikimedia Commons.