Heterokonta

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For Heterokontae sensu Lüther, 1899, see Xanthophyceae.

Taxonavigation[edit]

Main Page
Superregnum: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Chromista
Subkingdom: Chromobionta
Infraregnum: Heterokonta
Classes: Actihrysophyceae – Bacillariophyceae – Bicosoecea – Bolidophyceae – Chrysophyceae – Eustigmatophyceae – Hyphochytridiomycetes – Labyrinthulomycetes – Oomycetes – Opalinea – Pelagophyceae – Phaeophyceae – Phaeothamniophyceae – Pinguiophyceae – Proteromonadea – Raphidophyceae – Synurophyceae – Xanthophyceae

Names[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

  • Stramenopiles Patterson, 1989
  • Heterokontophyta van den Hoek et al., 1995
  • Straminopiles Vørs, 1993

Alternative classifications[edit]

Cavalier-Smith (1981)[edit]

Cavalier-Smith, T. (1981). Eukaryote kingdoms: seven or nine?. Biosystems, 14(3), 461-481, [1].

Seven eukaryote kingdoms proposal [p. 478]

  • Superkingdom Eukaryota
    • Kingdom Fungi
    • Kingdom Viridiplantae
    • Kingdom Biliphyta
    • Kingdom Chromista
      • Subkingdom Cryptophyta
        • Phylum Cryptophyta
      • Subkingdom Chromophyta
        • Phylum Heterokonta
          • Subphylum Chrysophytina
            • Chrysophyceae (including Bicoecida and Silicoflagellida)
            • Xanthophyceae
            • Phaeophyceae
            • Chloromonadophyceae (= Raphidiophyceae)
          • Subphylum Phycomycotina (Oomycetes, Hyphochytridiomycetes, Thraustochytrids, Labyrinthulids)
        • Phylum Bacillariophyta
        • Phylum Eustigmatophyta
        • Phylum Haptophyta
    • Kingdom Animalia
    • Kingdom Euglenozoa
    • Kingdom Protozoa

Cavalier-Smith (1986)[edit]

Cavalier-Smith, T. (1986). The kingdom Chromista, origin and systematics. In: Round, F.E. and Chapman, D.J. (eds.). Progress in Phycological Research. 4: 309–347, [2].

Kingdom Chromista

  • Subkingdom Cryptophyta
    • Phylum Cryptophyta
  • Subkingdom Chromophyta
    • Phylum Heterokonta
      • Subphylum Ochrista
        • Class Synuraceae
        • Class Xanthophyceae
        • Class Chrysophyceae
        • Class Phaeophyceae
        • Class Bicosoecea
        • Class Eustigmatophyceae
      • Subphylum Pseudofungi (= Heterkontimycotina)
        • Superclass Pythiista
          • Class Oomycetes
          • Class Hyphochytrea
        • Superclass Labyrinthista
          • Class Labyrinthulea
            • Order Thraustochytriales
            • Order Labyrinthulales
    • Phylum Haptophyta

Cavalier-Smith (1989)[edit]

Cavalier-Smith. T. (1989). The Kingdom Chromista. In: J.C. Green et al. (eds). The Chromophyte Algae: problems and Perspectives, pp. 381-407, [3].

  • Kingdom Chromista
    • Subkingdom Cryptista
    • Subkingdom Chromophyta
      • Phylum Heterokonta
        • Subphylum Ochrista
        • Subphylum Bicoecia
        • Subphylum Pseudofungi ("Not now a synonym for Heterokontimycotina Dick 1976.")
          • Class Pythiistea
        • Subphylum Labyrinthista Cavalier-Smith 1986. stat. nov.
          • Class Labyrinthulea
      • Phylum Haptomonada

Cavalier-Smith (1993)[edit]

From Kingdom Protozoa and its 18 phyla, [4]

  • Heterokonta

van den Hoek et al. (1995)[edit]

From Hoek, C. van den, Mann, D.G. and Jahns, H.M. (1995). Algae An Introduction to Phycology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Cavalier-Smith (1998)[edit]

From A revised six-kingdom system of life, [5]

  • Heterokonta

Patterson (1999)[edit]

From The Diversity of Eukaryotes, (PDF)

In Eukaryotes
Clade Stramenopiles

Reviers (2002)[edit]

From Biologie et phylogénie des algues, [6]

Eukaryota [see Algae]

  • Stramenopiles (= Heterokonta)
  • Ochrophyta (= Ochrista, Heterokontophyta, Stramenochromes)

Hausmann et al. (2003)[edit]

From Hausmann, K., N. Hulsmann, R. Radek. Protistology. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchshandlung, Stuttgart, 2003.

Adl et al. (2005)[edit]

From The new higher level classification of eukaryotes with emphasis on the taxonomy of protists, [7]

Cavalier-Smith (2006)[edit]

From Thomas Cavalier-Smith & Ema E-Y. Chao: Phylogeny and megasystematics of phagotrophic heterokonts (kingdom Chromista). [8] Supplementary material (PDF)

  • Heterokonta

Margulis & Chapman (2009)[edit]

Margulis, L., M.J. Chapman. Kingdoms and Domains: An Illustrated Guide to the Phyla of Life on Earth. Fourth edition. Amsterdam: Academic Press/Elsevier, 2009.

Adl et al. (2012)[edit]

From The Revised Classification of Eukaryotes, (PDF)

Eukaryota

[Notes: M, monotypic group with only one described species; P, paraphyletic group; R, ribogroup assembled from phylogenetic studies.]