Suaeda maritima

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Suaeda maritima

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Caryophyllales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Amaranthaceae s.l.
Cladus: Chenopodiaceae s.str.
Subfamilia: Suaedoideae
Tribus: Suaedeae
Genus: Suaeda
Subgenus: Suaeda subg. Brezia
Sectio: Suaeda sect. Brezia
Species: Suaeda maritima

Name[edit]

Suaeda maritima (L.) Dumort., Fl. Belg. (Dumortier) 22. (1827)

Synonyms[edit]

  • Basionym
    • Chenopodium maritimum L., Sp. Pl. 1: 221. (1753)
      • Type: "Habitat in Europae maritimis." Lectotype (designated by Pedrol & Castroviejo 1988. Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 45: 98.): LINN: LINN 313.21, left-hand plant.
  • Homotypic
    • Atriplex maritima (L.) Crantz, Institutiones Rei Herbariae 1: 108. (1766)
    • Chenopodina maritima (L.) Moq., Prodr. [A.P. de Candolle] 13(2): 161. (1849)
    • Dondia maritima (L.) Druce, Annals of Scottish Natural History 1896: 42. (1896)
    • Lerchea maritima (L.) Kuntze, Revisio Generum Plantarum 1: 549. (1891)
    • Salsola maritima (L.) M.Bieb., Tabl. Prov. Mer Casp. 150. (1798)
    • Salsola maritima (L.) Poir., Encyclopédie Méthodique, Botanique 7: 291. (1806), later homonym
    • Schoberia maritima (L.) C.A.Mey., Flora Altaica 1: 400. (1829)
  • Heterotypic (ref. Ferren & Schenk 2008)
    • Dondia fernaldii Standl., North American Flora 21(1): 88. (1916)
      • Type: Red sanstone alluvium near mouth of of Salmon River, truro, Colchester Coounty, Nova scotia. M.L. Fernald & K.M. Wiegand 3324. Holotype: GH.
    • Suaeda fernaldii (Standl.) Standl., Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 4(8): 203. (1929)
    • Suaeda richii Fernald, Rhodora 9: 145. (1907)
      • Type: USA (Maine): York. Co.: Wells Beach. J.C. Parlin & M.L. Fernald s.n., 23 Jul 1898. Holotype: GH; Isotype: US-1086836.
    • Dondia richii (Fernald) A. Heller, Muhlenbergia 6(7): 83. (1910)
    • Suaeda maritima subsp. richii (Fernald) Bassett & Crompton, Canadian Journal of Botany 56(6): 587. (1978)
  • (ref. Freitag & Sennikov:)
    • Salsola sedoides L., Amoen. Acad. 4: 98. Nov (1759), nom. rej. prop.
      • Type: "Kali minus album semine splendente" CB., Herb. Dillenius 156.14. Lectotype (designated by Sennikov & Freitag 2014, Taxon 63: 159.): OXF.
    • Kochia sedoides (L.) Schrad., Neues J. Bot. 3: 86. (1809)
  • (+ ref. Hassler 2019, Govaerts 2019)
    • Suaeda albescens Lázaro Ibiza, Fl. Barrill. Esp. 74. (Asoc. Esp. Progr. Ci., Congr. Sevilla, 6, Seccion 4, Parte 3). (1920)
    • Suaeda aestuaria Dumort., Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 7: 328. (1868)
    • Chenopodina aestuaria (Dumort.) Dumort., Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 7: 329. (1868)
    • Suaeda maritima var. aestuaria (Dumort.) P.D.Sell, Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland 1: 686. (2018)
    • Suaeda bacciformis Dumort., Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 7: 328. (1868)
    • Chenopodina bacciformis (Dumort.) Dumort., Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 7: 328. (1868)
    • Suaeda maritima var. bacciformis (Dumort.) P.D.Sell, Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland 1: 686. (2018)
    • Cochliospermum cavanillesii Lag., Mem. Pl. Barrill. 60. (1817) – (considered as synonym of Suaeda spicata by Pedrol & Castroviejo 1988)
    • Suaeda maritima var. cavanillesiana Lázaro Ibiza, Asoc. Esp. Progr. Ci., Congr. Sevilla 6, secc. 4, 3.a parte: 71. (1920) – (considered as synonym of Suaeda spicata by Pedrol & Castroviejo 1988)
    • Suaeda cavanillesiana (Lázaro Ibiza) Coutinho, Bol. Soc. Brot. ser. 2, 10: 82. (1935) – (considered as synonym of Suaeda spicata by Pedrol & Castroviejo 1988)
    • Salsola carnosa hort. ex Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 161. (1849), nom. inval. in syn.
    • Salsola chenopodiana hort. ex Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 161. (1849), nom. inval. in syn.
    • Suaeda filiformis Dumort., Fl. Belg. (Dumortier) 22. (1827)
    • Chenopodina filiformis (Dumort.) Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 164. (1849)
    • Salsola hostii Tratt., Arch. Gewächsk. 93. t. 112.
    • Chenopodina hostii (Tratt.) Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 165. (1849)
    • Chenopodium hostii (Tratt.) Ledeb., Fl. Ross. (Ledeb.) 3(2,11): 788. (1851)
    • Salsola indica Willd., Sp. Pl., ed. 4 [Willdenow] 1(2): 1317. (1798) – (also considered as synonym of Suaeda nudiflora)
    • Chenopodina indica (Willd.) Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. [Wight] v. t. (1793)
    • Schoberia indica (Willd.) Kostel., Allg. Med.-Pharm. Fl. 4: 1438. (1835)
    • Suaeda indica (Willd.) Moq., Ann. Sci. Nat. (Paris) 23: 316. (1831) – (also considered as synonym of Suaeda nudiflora)
    • Chenopodium jacquinii Ten., Fl. Napol. 3: 258. [1824-1829]
    • Suaeda jacquinii (Ten.) Dumort., Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 7: 329. (1868)
    • Chenopodium macrocarpum Desv., J. Bot. Agric. 1: 48. (1813)
    • Schoberia macrocarpa (Desv.) C.A.Mey., in Ledeb. Fl. Alt. i. 402, in obs. (1829)
    • Suaeda macrocarpa (Desv.) Moq., Ann. Sci. Nat. (Paris) 23: 309. (1831)
    • Salsola marina hort. ex Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 161. (1849), nom. inval. in syn.
    • Salsola sativa sensu Cav., Icon. [Cavanilles] 3: 46, t. 291. (1795–1796), (based on Salsola sativa L. 1762, but misinterpreted)
    • Chenopodina sativa Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 165. (1849)
    • Salsola scabra hort. ex Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 161. (1849), nom. inval. in syn.
    • Salsola strobilifera Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 161. (1849), nom. inval. in syn.
    • Salsola succulenta hort. ex Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 161. (1849), nom. inval. in syn.
    • Suaeda tortuosa Moq., Chenop. Monogr. Enum. 131. (1840)
    • Chenopodina tortuosa (Moq.) Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 162. (1849)
    • Schoberia tortuosa Moq. ex Bunge, Beitr. Fl. Russl. 288. / Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans 7: 464. (1852).
    • Salsola vermiculata hort. ex Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 161. (1849), nom. inval. in syn.
    • Chenopodina maritima var. erecta Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 161. (1849)
    • Suaeda maritima var. erecta (Moq.) P.D.Sell, Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland 1: 686. (2018)
    • Suaeda maritima var. purpurascens P.D.Sell, Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland 1: 686. (2018)
  • (+ ref. Hassler 2019)
    • Chenopodium crassifolium Desf., Tabl. École Bot., ed. 2. 51. (1815); nom. inval.
    • Chenopodium hortense Raddi ex Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 161. (1849), nom. inval. in syn.
    • Salsola nudiflora Wall., Numer. List [Wallich] n. 6945. (1832), nom. illeg. (later homonym of Salsola nudiflora Willd. 1798)
    • Suaeda nudiflora Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 155. (1849): erroneous entry (and later homonym of Suaeda nudiflora (Willd.) Moq. 1831)
    • Salsola trigyna hort. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot. [Steudel], ed. 2. 2: 503. (1841), nom. inval. (and later homonym of Salsola trigyna Willd. 1798)
    • Schoberia dumortieri Steud., Nomencl. Bot. [Steudel], ed. 2. 2: 532. 1841
    • Schoberia linifolia Nutt. ex Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 161. (1849), nom. inval. in syn.
    • Schoberia montana Nutt. ex Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 161. (1849), nom. inval. in syn.
    • Suaeda californica Nutt. ex Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 161. (1849), nom. inval. in syn.
    • Suaeda kochii Todaro ex Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 3: 630. (1881), nom. inval. in syn.
  • {+ ref. Govaerts 2019)
    • Suaeda littoralis Grecescu, Supl. Consp. Fl. Romaniei 201. (1909)


Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
coast, mainly of northern hemisphere
  • Europe
    • Northern Europe
      • Denmark, Great Britain, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden
    • Middle Europe
      • Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland
    • Southwestern Europe
      • Baleares, Corse, France, Portugal, Sardegna, Spain
    • Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Romania, Sicilia, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia
    • Eastern Europe
      • Baltic States, Belarus, Central European Russia, East European Russia, Krym, Northwest European Russia, South European Russia, Ukraine
  • Africa
    • Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia, Western Sahara
    • Macaronesia
      • Canary Is., Cape Verde
    • West Tropical Africa
      • Mauritania, Senegal
  • Asia-Temperate
    • Siberia
      • West Siberia
    • Arabian Peninsula
      • Gulf States, Saudi Arabia
    • Eastern Asia
      • Korea, Vietnam
  • Asia-Tropical
    • Indian Subcontinent
      • Bangladesh, India
  • Northern America
    • Western Canada
      • Manitoba
    • Eastern Canada
      • New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward I., Québec
    • Northeastern U.S.A.
      • Connecticut, Maine, Masachusettes, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode I.
    • Southeastern U.S.A.
      • Virginia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Additional references[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

العربية: سويداء بحرية
català: Canyametes
čeština: Solnička přímořská
Cymraeg: Helys unflwydd
dansk: Strandgåsefod, Almindelig strandgåsefod
Deutsch: Strand-Sode, Meerstrand-Gänsefüßchen, Schmalzmelde, Sode
English: Annual Sea-blite, Sea blite, Herbaceous seepweed, White sea-blite
eesti: Rand-soodahein
suomi: Pikkukilokki
Gaeilge: Blide mhara
ગુજરાતી: મોરડ (વનસ્પતિ)
hornjoserbsce: Mórska zolica
íslenska: Salturt
日本語: ハママツナ
한국어: 해홍나물
Nederlands: Klein schorrekruid
norsk: Saftmelde
polski: Sodówka nadmorska
slovenščina: Slanorad primorski
svenska: Saltört
ไทย: ชะคราม, ช้าคราม
Tiếng Việt: Phì diệp biển
中文: 裸花鹼蓬
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