Myrtus communis

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Myrtus communis

Taxonavigation[Bewerke]

Taxonavigation: Myrtales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Myrtales

Familia: Myrtaceae
Subfamilia: Myrtoideae
Tribus: Myrteae
Subtribus: Myrtinae
Genus: Myrtus
Species: Myrtus communis
Subspecies: M. c. subsp. communis – M. c. subsp. tarentina

Name[Bewerke]

Myrtus communis L., Sp. Pl. 1: 471 (1753).

Homonyme[Bewerke]

Verbreitung[Bewerke]

Natürliche Verbreitungsgebiete:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • Baleares, Corse, France, Portugal, Sardegna, Spain.
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Sicilia, Yugoslavia.
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia.
    • Regional: Macaronesia
      • Azores, Canary Islands, Madeira.
    • Regional: Northeast Tropical Africa
      • Eritrea, Ethiopia.
    • Regional: Southern Africa
      • Cape Provinces (introduced).
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • Afghanistan, Cyprus, East Aegean Islands, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Turkey.
    • Regional: Arabian Peninsula
      • Yemen.
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • Pakistan.
  • Continental: Northern America (introduced)
    • Regional: Southwestern U.S.A.
      • California.
    • Regional: South-Central U.S.A.
      • Texas.
    • Regional: Southeastern U.S.A.
      • Louisiana.
  • Continental: Southern America
    • Regional: Caribbean
      • Cuba, Leeward Islands, Puerto Rico, Windward Islands (introduced).

Quellennachweise: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Quellennachweise[Bewerke]

Primärliteratur[Bewerke]

Weitere Literatur[Bewerke]

  • Bruna, S., Mercuri, A., Cervelli, C., Braglia, L., De Benedetti, L. & Schiva, T. 2005. Genetic characterization of Myrtus communis L. wild genotypes using AFLP markers. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 683: 431-436.
  • Paiva, J. 1997. Myrtus. In S. Castroviejo & al. (eds.) Flora Iberica 8. Haloragaceae to Euphorbiaceae. CSIC. Real Jardín Botánico. Madrid. [1]

Weblinks[Bewerke]

Trivialnamen[Bewerke]

čeština: myrta obecná
Deutsch: Myrte
English: Myrtle
suomi: Myrtti
français: Myrte
magyar: Közönséges mirtusz
italiano: Mirto
polski: mirt zwyczajny
русский: мирт
sardu: Murta
slovenščina: Navadna mirta
svenska: Myrten
中文: 香桃木
Für weitere Multimedia-Dateien siehe unter Myrtus communis bei Wikimedia Commons.