Melocactus intortus

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Melocactus intortus subsp. intortus
Melocactus intortus

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Caryophyllales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Cactaceae
Subfamilia: Cactoideae
Tribus: Cereeae
Subtribus: Cereinae
Genus: Melocactus
Species: Melocactus intortus

Name[edit]

  • Melocactus intortus (Mill.) Urb., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16(1/4): 35. 1919.

Synonyms[edit]

  • Cactus intortus Mill., Gard. Dict., ed. 8: Cereus no. 2. 1768 syn. sec. Hunt 2006
  • Echinocactus intortus (Mill.) DC., Prodr. 3: 462. 1828 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • Melocactus intortus subsp. intortus syn. sec. Hunt 2006
    • Cactus coronatus Lam., Encycl. 1(2): 537. 1785 syn. sec. Hunt 2006
  • Melocactus coronatus (Lam.) Backeb., Cactaceae 4: 2569. 1960 syn. sec. Hunt 2006
    • Cactus melocactus var. communis W.T.Aiton, Hort. Kew. 2: 150. 1789 syn. sec. Hunt 2006
  • Melocactus communis (W.T.Aiton) Link & Otto in Verh. Vereins Beförd. Gartenbaues Königl. Preuss. Staaten 3: 417, t. 11. 1827 syn. sec. Hunt 2006
  • Cactus communis (W.T.Aiton) Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 245. 1840 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Melocactus communis var. oblongus Link & Otto in Verh. Vereins Beförd. Gartenbaues Königl. Preuss. Staaten 3: 418. 1827 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Melocactus meonacanthus Link & Otto in Verh. Vereins Beförd. Gartenbaues Königl. Preuss. Staaten 3: t. 15. 1827 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Cactus lamarkii Colla, Hortus Ripul. App. 3: 15. 1828 syn. sec. Hunt 2006
    • Echinocactus intortus var. purpureus DC., Prodr. 3: 462. 1828 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Echinocactus rufispinus Bertol. in Ann. Storia Nat. 3: 223. 1830 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Melocactus leucaster Hoffmanns. in Preiss. Verz. ed. 7: 22. 1833 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Melocactus lamarckii G.Don, Gen. Hist. 3: 160. 1834 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Echinocactus xanthacanthus Miq. in Linnaea 11: 155. 1837 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • Melocactus xanthacanthus Miq. in Nova Acta Phys.-Med. Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 18(Suppl. 1): 169. 1841 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Melocactus atrosanguineus Pfeiff., Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 44. 1837 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Melocactus communis var. grengelii Pfeiff., Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 43. 1837 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Melocactus communis var. havannensis Pfeiff., Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 43. 1837 syn. sec. Hunt 2006
    • Melocactus havannensis (Pfeiff.) Miq., Monogr. Melocacti: 64. 1840 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Melocactus communis var. lanifer Pfeiff., Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 43. 1837 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Melocactus communis var. viridis Pfeiff., Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 42. 1837 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Melocactus grengelii J.Forbes, Hort. Tour Germ.: 151. 1837 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Melocactus macrocanthus Miq. in Linnaea 11: 157. 1837 syn. sec. Britton & Rose 1922
    • Melocactus rubens Pfeiff., Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 43. 1837 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Melocactus brongniartii Lem., Cact. Aliq. Nov.: 12. 1838 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Melocactus miquelii Lehm. in Index Seminum (HBG, Hamburgensis). 1838 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • Cactus miquelii (Lehm.) Borg, Cacti, ed. 1: 279. 1937 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Melocactus dichroacanthus Miq. in Nova Acta Phys.-Med. Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 18(Suppl. 1): 147. 1841 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Melocactus macracanthoides Miq. in Nova Acta Phys.-Med. Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 18(Suppl. 1): 173. 1841 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Melocactus rubens Miq. in Nova Acta Phys.-Med. Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 18(Suppl. 1): 145. 1841 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Melocactus wendlandii Miq. in Nova Acta Phys.-Med. Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 18(Suppl. 1): 146. 1841 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Melocactus schlumbergerianus Lem. in Ill. Hort. 8(Misc.): 32. 1861 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Melocactus portoricensis Suringar in Verslagen Meded. Afd. Natuurk. Kon. Akad. Wetensch., ser. 3, 9: 408. 1892 syn. sec. Britton & Rose 1922
    • Melocactus bradleyi Suringar in Verh. Kon. Akad. Wetensch., Afd. Natuurk., Sect. 2, 5(3): 23. 1896 syn. sec. Britton & Rose 1922
    • Melocactus croceus Suringar in Verh. Kon. Akad. Wetensch., Afd. Natuurk., Sect. 2, 5(3): 40. 1896 syn. sec. Britton & Rose 1922
    • Melocactus eustachianus Suringar in Verh. Kon. Akad. Wetensch., Afd. Natuurk., Sect. 2, 5(3): 37. 1896 syn. sec. Britton & Rose 1922
    • Melocactus eustachius f. vetustior Valck.Sur. in Verh. Kon. Ned. Akad. Wetensch., Afd. Natuurk., Sect. 2, 5(3): 37. 1896 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Melocactus hookeri Valck.Sur. in Verh. Kon. Akad. Wetensch., Afd. Natuurk., Sect. 2, 5(3): 31. 1896 syn. sec. Britton & Rose 1922
    • Melocactus linkii Valck.Sur. in Verh. Kon. Ned. Akad. Wetensch., Afd. Natuurk., Sect. 2, 5(3): 39. 1896 syn. sec. Britton & Rose 1922
    • Cactus antonii Britton in Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 4: 355. 1933 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • Melocactus antonii (Britton) F.M.Knuth, Kaktus-ABC: 342. 1935 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • Melocactus intortus var. antonii (Britton) Backeb., Cactaceae 4: 2575. 1960 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Cactus intortus f. desiradensis Stehlé, Fl. Agron. Antilles Franç. 10: 124. 1958 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Cactus intortus f. quentinianus Stehlé, Fl. Agron. Antilles Franç. 10: 124. 1958 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Southern America
    • Regional: Caribean
      • Bahamas, Leeward Is., Puerto Rico, Turks-Caicos Is., Windward Is.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Additional references[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Turk's-cap cactus
español: melón de costa
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Melocactus intortus on Wikimedia Commons.