Heterodermia leucomela

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Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Caliciales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Lecanoromycetes
Subclassis: Lecanoromycetidae
Ordo: Caliciales

Familia: Physciaceae
Genus: Heterodermia
Species: Heterodermia leucomela

Name[edit]

Heterodermia leucomela (L.) Poelt, 1965


Basionym
  • Lichen leucomelos L., Sp. Plant., Ed. 2, 2: 1613 (1763)

Synonyms[edit]

  • Heterodermia leucomelaena (L.) Poelt, 1965   (Source: North American Lichen Checklist, Version (#15) 27 Aug 2009)
  • Anaptychia leucomelaena (L.) A. Massal., Acta Soc. Fauna Flora fenn. 7(1): 128 (1890)
  • Borrera leucomelaena (L.) Ach., Lich. univ.: 499 (1810)
  • Hagenia leucomelaena (L.) Schwend., 1860
  • Heterodermia leucomelaena (L.) Poelt, Nova Hedwigia 9: 31 (1965) f. leucomelaena
  • Heterodermia leucomelaena (L.) Poelt, Nova Hedwigia 9: 31 (1965) subsp. leucomelaena
  • Heterodermia leucomelaena (L.) Poelt, Nova Hedwigia 9: 31 (1965) var. leucomelaena
  • Lichen leucomelas L., Sp. pl. 2: 1613 (1763)
  • Lobaria leucomelaena (L.) Raeusch., 1797
  • Parmelia leucomelaena (L.) Ach., 1803
  • Physcia leucomelaena (L.) Michx., 2: 327 (1803)
  • Physcia leucomelaena (L.) Michx., (1803) f. leucomelaena
  • Physcia leucomelaena (L.) Michx., (1803) var. leucomelaena
  • Teloschistes leucomelaena (L.) A. Schneid., 1898
  • Xanthoria leucomelaena (L.) Horw., 1912

Ecology and Distribution: H. leucomela occurs as scattered isolated populations on the bark of hardwoods in the central/southern Appalachian Mountains and Great Lakes Region.

References[edit]

  • Poelt, Nova Hedwigia 9: 31 (1965)
  • Poelt, J. (1965) Zur Systematik der Flechtenfamilie Physciaceae. - Nova Hedwigia 9(1-4): 21–32.   (RLL List # 54 / Rec. # 14831 - Recent Literature on Lichens)
  • Brodo, I.M., Sharnoff, S.D. and Sharnoff, S. (2001) Heterodermia (pp. 334-341) In, Lichens of North America. Yale University Press, New Haven, 795 pages. (Description of Heterodermia leucomela: pp. 338-339; distribution map for North America: p. 338; color photo: p. 339, plate 364)
  • Dobson, F.S. (2000) (Fourth edition) Heterodermia (pp. 168-169) In, Lichens: An illustrated guide to the British and Irish species. The Richmond Publishing Co., Ltd., Slough, England, 431 pp.   (RLL List # 184 / Rec. # 22402 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Description, distribution map, color photo of Heterodermia leucomela: p. 168, as H. leucomelos)
  • Flenniken, D. (1999) Heterodermia Trevisan (pp. 115-121) In The Macrolichens In West Virginia, 231 pages, 26 plates. (Published by D. Flenniken, 2273 Blachleyville Rd, Wooster, Ohio 44691) (Description of Heterodermia leucomela: p. 119; color photo: Plate 12, D [as H. leucomelos])
  • Hale, M.E., Jr. (1979) How to Know the Lichens. 2nd. Edition. - Wm. C. Brown Co., Dubuque, Iowa. 246 pp.   (RLL List # 103-34 / Rec. # 7485 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Illustration of Heterodermia leucomela: p. 103, as H. leucomelaena)
  • Hinds, J.W. and Hinds, P.L. (2007) Heterodermia Trevis., 1868 (pp. 259-264) In, The Macrolichens of New England. - Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden No. 96. New York Botanical Garden Press, Bronx, New York. 584 pp. (Description of Heterodermia leucomela: p. 262; color photo: p. 262, Fig. 132)
  • Lendemer, J.C. (2009) A synopsis of the lichen genus Heterodermia (Physciaceae, lichenized Ascomycota) in eastern North America. Opuscula Philolichenum 6: 1–36. (PDF) (Heterodermia leucomela discussed on p. 23; Plate 15, p. 33, geographic distribution map)
  • Moberg, R. and Nash III, T.H. (2002) Heterodermia (pp. 207-219) In: Nash III, T.H.; Ryan, B.D.; Gries, C. and Bungartz, F. (eds.), Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region, Vol. 1. Lichens Unlimited, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, 532 pages. (Description of Heterodermia leucomela: pp. 213-214; distribution map for the Sonoran region: p. 214)
  • McCune, B. and Geiser, L. (2009) Heterodermia (pp. 137-139) Macrolichens of the Pacific Northwest. (Second Edition) Oregon State University Press, Corvallis, 464 pp. (Description of Heterodermia leucomela and color photos: p. 138)
  • Purvis, O.W. (1992) Heterodermia Trevisan, 1868 (pp. 270-272) In: Purvis, O.W., Coppins, B.J., Hawksworth, D.L., James, P.W. and Moore, D.M. (eds.) The Lichen Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Natural History Museum Publication, 710 pp. (Description of Heterodermia leucomela, as H. leucomelos: p. 271)
  • Swinscow, T.D.V. and Krog, H. (1988) Macrolichens of East Africa. - British Museum (Natural History), London. 390 pp.   (RLL List # 135 / Rec. # 18091 - Recent Literature on Lichens)
  • Wirth, V. (1995) Heterodermia Trevisan (pp. 418-420) - Teil 1) In, Die Flechten Baden-Württembergs, Teil 1 & 2. Eugen Ulmer GmbH & Co., Stuttgart. 1006 pp.; in German.   (RLL List # 159 / Rec. # 20405 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Description of Heterodermia leucomela, as H. leucomelos: p. 420)

Links to photos[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Elegant fringe lichen,   Elegant centipede lichen,   Shield lichen