Ficus carica

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Ficus carica

Taxonavigation[Bewerke]

Taxonavigation: Rosales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Rosales

Familia: Moraceae
Tribus: Ficeae
Genus: Ficus
Species: Ficus carica
Subspecies: F. c. subsp. carica – F. c. subsp. rupestris

Name[Bewerke]

Ficus carica L., Sp. Pl. 2: 1059 (1753).

Verbreitung[Bewerke]

Natürliche Verbreitungsgebiete:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Northern Europe
      • Denmark, Great Britain, Sweden (introduced).
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Austria, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Switzerland (introduced).
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • Baleares, Corse, France, Portugal, Sardegna, Spain (introduced).
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bulgaria (introduced), Greece, Italy (introduced), Kriti, Sicilia, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia (introduced).
    • Regional: Eastern Europe
      • Krym (introduced).
  • Continental: Africa (introduced)
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia, Western Sahara.
    • Regional: Macaronesia
      • Azores, Canary Islands, Cape Verde, Madeira.
    • Regional: West Tropical Africa
      • Niger.
    • Regional: West-Central Tropical Africa
      • Gulf of Guinea Islands.
    • Regional: Northeast Tropical Africa
      • Chad, Eritrea, Somalia.
    • Regional: Western Indian Ocean
      • Mauritius, Réunion.
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Middle Asia
      • Turkmenistan, Tadzhikistan, Uzbekistan (introduced).
    • Regional: Caucasus
      • North Caucasus, Transcaucasus.
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • Afghanistan, Cyprus, East Aegean Islands, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Sinai (introduced), Turkey.
    • Regional: Arabian Peninsula
      • Gulf States, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen (introduced).
    • Regional: China
      • China South-Central, China North-Central, China Southeast, Xinjiang (introduced).
    • Regional: Eastern Asia
      • Korea (introduced).
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • Bangladesh, India (introduced), Pakistan, West Himalaya.
    • Regional: Indo-China
      • Andaman Islands, Nicobar Islands (introduced).
  • Continental: Australasia (introduced)
    • Regional: Australia
      • Norfolk Islands.
    • Regional: New Zealand
      • New Zealand North, New Zealand South.
  • Continental: Pacific (introduced)
    • Regional: Southwestern Pacific
      • Gilbert Islands, Tokelau-Manihiki.
    • Regional: South-Central Pacific
      • Easter Islands, Line Islands.
    • Regional: Northwestern Pacific
      • Caroline Islands, Marianas, Marshall Islands, Wake Island.
  • Continental: Northern America (introduced)
    • Regional: Northeastern U.S.A.
      • Massachusetts, New York.
    • Regional: Southwestern U.S.A.
      • California.
    • Regional: South-Central U.S.A.
      • New Mexico.
    • Regional: Southeastern U.S.A.
      • Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina.
    • Regional: Mexico
      • Mexico Central, Mexico Southwest.
  • Continental: Southern America (introduced)
    • Regional: Central America
      • El Salvador.
    • Regional: Caribbean
      • Bermuda.
    • Regional: Western South America
      • Ecuador, Peru.
    • Regional: Southern South America
      • Juan Fernández Islands.
  • Continental: Antarctic (introduced)
    • Regional: Subantarctic Islands
      • Tristan da Cunha.

Quellennachweise: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Quellennachweise[Bewerke]

Primärliteratur[Bewerke]

Weblinks[Bewerke]


Trivialnamen[Bewerke]

aragonés: Figuera
العربية: تِين
беларуская: Інжыр
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Сѷкоморїꙗ
Deutsch: Echte Feige
English: Common Fig
español: Higuera
suomi: Aitoviikuna
français: Figuier
magyar: Közönséges füge, fügefa
italiano: Fico
македонски: Смоква
मराठी: अंजीर
Mirandés: Figueira
Nederlands: Vijgenboom
português: Figueira, Figueira-comum
sardu: Figu
ไทย: มะเดื่อ, มะเดื่อฝรั่ง
Türkçe: İncir
vèneto: Figaro
中文: 無花果
Für weitere Multimedia-Dateien siehe unter Ficus carica bei Wikimedia Commons.