Amaranthus blitum

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Amaranthus blitum

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Caryophyllales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Amaranthaceae s.l.
Cladus: Amaranthaceae s.str.
Subfamilia: Amaranthoideae
Genus: Amaranthus
Species: Amaranthus blitum

Name[edit]

Amaranthus blitum L., Sp. Pl. 2: 990. 1753

  • Type locality: "Habitat in Europa temperatiore"
  • Lectotype (designated by Fillias et al. 1980, Taxon 29: 150.): LINN: LINN-1117.14, right-hand plant.

Synonyms[edit]

  • Homotypic
    • Albersia blitum (L.) Kunth, Fl. Berol. (Kunth, 1838) 2: 144. 1838
    • Euxolus blitum (L.) Gren., Mém. Soc. Émul. Doubs ser. 3, 10: 652. 1869
    • Glomeraria blitum (L.) Cav., Elench. Pl. Horti Matr. 16. (1803)
  • Heterotypic (ref. Hassler 2019)
    • Amaranthus albus Rodsch. ex F.Dietr., Neu Nachtr. Vollst. Lex. Gärtn. 1: 196. 1825, nom. illeg. (later homonym of Amaranthus albus L. 1759
    • Albersia arenaria Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 566 (1866)
    • Amaranthus blitum var. angustifolius Moq. Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 263 (1849)
    • Amaranthus roxburghianus var. angustifolius (Moq.) N.C.Nair, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 73(1): 61 (1976).
    • Amaranthus ascendens Loisel., Not. Fl. France: 141 (1810)
    • Amaranthus blitum var. ascendens (Loisel.) DC., Cat. Pl. Horti Monsp.: 4 (1813)
    • Albersia ascendens (Loisel.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s., 17: 142 (1869)
    • Amaranthus lividus var. ascendens (Loisel.) Thell., Fl. Adv. Montpellier: 215 (1912)
    • Amaranthus lividus subsp. ascendens (Loisel.) Thell. ex Wacht., in H.Heukels, Geill. Schoolfl. Nederl. ed. 11, 169 (1934).
    • Euxolus ascendens (Loisel.) H.Hara, J. Jap. Bot. 14: 335 (1938)
    • Euxolus viridis var. ascendens (Loisel.) Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 274 (1849)
    • Amaranthus berchtoldi Seidl ex Opiz, Boehm. Gew. 164; Natural. i. (1823) [2].
    • Amaranthus blitonius St.-Lag., Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 119 (1880)
    • Amaranthus circinnatus hort. Paris. ex Poir., Encycl. [J. Lamarck & al.] Suppl. 1. 311 (1810).
    • Amaranthus diffusus Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées 174 (1867).
    • Amaranthus gangeticus Wall., Numer. List [Wallich] n. 6896 (1832). (later homonym of Amaranthus gangeticus L., Syst. Nat., ed. 10. 2: 1268. 1759).
    • Amaranthus lividus L., Sp. Pl. 2: 990 (1753).
    • Albersia livida (L.) Kunth, Fl. Berol., ed. 2, 2: 144 (1823)
    • Amaranthus blitum f. lividus (L.) Letz, Fl. Slovenska 6(4): 723, 111 (2016).
    • Blitum lividum (L.) Moench, Methodus (Moench) 359 (1794).
    • Euxolus lividus (L.) Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 273 (1849).
    • Glomeraria livida (L.) Cav., Elench. Pl. Horti Matr. 16 (1803); cf. Rothm. in Fedde, Repert. 49: 52 (1940).
    • Blitum maius Scop., Fl. Carniol., ed. 2. 2: 237 (1772).
    • Amaranthus miniatus hort. Avign. ex Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India [J. D. Hooker] 4(12): 721 (1885).
    • Amaranthus minor Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 289 (1821).
    • Amaranthus mucronatus Poir., Encycl. [J. Lamarck & al.] Suppl. 1. 311 (1810).
    • Amaranthus obtusiflorus (Mart.) Kov., Nauch. Trud. Vissh Selskostop. Inst. Plovdiv 23(1): 50 (1978): (1978).
    • Amaranthus officinalis Gromow. ex Trautv. Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada ix. (1884) 139.
    • Amaranthus oleraceus L., Sp. Pl., ed. 2. 2: 1403 (1763).
    • Albersia oleracea (L.) Boiss., Fl. Orient. [Boissier] 4(2): 991 (1879).
    • Amaranthus blitum subsp. oleraceus (L.) Costea, Sida 19(4): 984 (2001).
    • Blitum oleraceum (L.) Moench, Methodus (Moench) 359 (1794).
    • Euxolus oleraceus (L.) Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 273 (1849).
    • Glomeraria oleracea (L.) Cav., Elench. Pl. Horti Matr. 16 (1803); cf. Rothm. in Fedde, Repert. 49: 52. (1940).
    • Pentrius oleraceus (L.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 42 (1837).
    • Pyxidium oleraceum (L.)Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 273 (1849), nom. inval.
    • Amaranthus olitorius Besser, Cat. Hort. Volhyn. (1816) 9.
    • Amaranthus pallidus M.Bieb., Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 2: 399 (1808).
    • Amaranthus perennis Bellardi, ex Colla, Herb. Pedem. iv. 578 (1835), pro syn.
    • Albersia polygama Boiss., Fl. Orient. [Boissier] 4(2): 991 (1879).
    • Amaranthus polygamus Wall., Numer. List [Wallich] n. 514 (1829). (later homonym of Amaranthus polygamus L., Cent. Pl. I. 32. 1755).
    • Euxolus polygamus Wall. ex Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 272 (1849).
    • Amaranthus prostratus Bastard, Essai Fl. Maine-et-Loire 344 (1809).
    • Amaranthus ruderalis Koch ex Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 274 (1849), nom. inval. in syn.
    • Amaranthus blitum f. rubens (Moq.) Hatus., S. Hatusima & T. Amano, Fl. Ryukyus, S. of Amami Is., ed. 2: 47. (1994)
    • Amaranthus tenuifolius Wall., Numer. List [Wallich] n. 6893 (1832). (later homonym of Amaranthus tenuifolius Willd., Sp. Pl., ed. 4 [Willdenow] 4(1): 381. 1805).
    • Amaranthus viridis All., Fl. Pedem. ii. 19 (1785). (later homonym of Amaranthus viridis L., Sp. Pl., ed. 2. 2: 1405. 1763).

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Europe
      • Portugal, Spain, Gibraltar, Baleares, France, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta, Sicily, Italy, Montenegro, Bosnia & Hercegovina, Serbia & Kosovo, Macedonia, Slovenia, Croatia, Albania, Bulgaria, Greece (incl. Kiklades), Crete, East Aegaean Isl. , European Turkey
  • Africa
      • Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Mauritania, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Benin, Nigeria, Congo (Brazzaville), D.R.Congo (Zaire), Angola, Gabon, Cameroon (I), Sudan, South Sudan, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Egypt (Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt), Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.), Madeira (Madeira Isl.), Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.), Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl., Sao Vicente Isl., Ilha de Sao Nicolau, Ilha da Boa Vista, Ilha de Sao Tiago, Fogo Isl., Ilha Brava)
  • Asia-Temperate
      • Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia), Cyprus (E-Cyprus), Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts), Israel (coastal W-Israel, coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel), Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon), Saudi Arabia (NE-Saudi Arabia, Hejaz), Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai), Syria (C-Syrian Desert), Yemen (W-Yemen), Northern Caucasus, Georgia [Caucasus], Azerbaijan, Siberia (W-Siberia)

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Additional references[edit]

  • eFloras 2008. Amaranthus blitum in Flora of North America . Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

العربية: بقلة يمانية
azərbaycanca: Qırmızıbaldır qaratərə
čeština: laskavec hrubozel
Deutsch: Aufsteigender Fuchsschwanz
Ελληνικά: Βλίτο, βλήτο
English: Purple Amaranth
español: Espinaca china
suomi: Pinaattirevonhäntä
français: Amarante blette, amarante sauvage
hornjoserbsce: Wjesny šćěrjenc
magyar: Zöld disznóparéj
日本語: イヌビユ
한국어: 개비름
lietuvių: Uoginis burnotis
polski: szarłat Siny
Kiswahili: Mchicha
தமிழ்: முளைக்கீரை
中文: 凹头苋
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Amaranthus blitum on Wikimedia Commons.