Alisma

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分类[编辑]

分类: Alismatales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Alismatales

Familia: Alismataceae
Genus: Alisma
Species: A. canaliculatum – A. gramineum – A. lanceolatum – A. nanum – A. plantago-aquatica – A. praecox – A. rariflorum – A. subcordatum – A. triviale – A. wahlenbergii
Nothospecies: A. × bjoerkqvistii – A. × juzepczukii – A. × rhicnocarpum

[编辑]

Alisma L., Sp. Pl. 1: 342 (1753).

异名[编辑]

  • 同模

分布[编辑]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Northern Europe
      • Denmark, Finland, Great Britain, Ireland, Norway, Sweden.
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland.
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • Baleares, Corse, France, Portugal, Sardegna, Spain.
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Romania, Sicilia, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia.
    • Regional: Eastern Europe
      • Belarus, Baltic States, Krym, Central European Russia, East European Russia, North European Russia, South European Russia, Northwest European Russia, Ukraine.
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia.
    • Regional: Macaronesia
      • Azores, Canary Islands, Madeira.
    • Regional: West-Central Tropical Africa
      • Burundi, Rwanda, Zaire.
    • Regional: Northeast Tropical Africa
      • Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan.
    • Regional: East Tropical Africa
      • Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda.
    • Regional: South Tropical Africa (introduced)
      • Angola, Zimbabwe.
    • Regional: Southern Africa
      • Cape Provinces, KwaZulu-Natal, Free State, Northern Provinces (introduced).
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Siberia
      • Altay, Buryatiya, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, West Siberia, Yakutskiya.
    • Regional: Russian Far East
      • Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Islands, Primorye, Sakhalin.
    • Regional: Middle Asia
      • Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Tadzhikistan, Uzbekistan.
    • Regional: Caucasus
      • North Caucasus, Transcaucasus.
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • Afghanistan, Cyprus, East Aegean Islands, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Turkey.
    • Regional: China
      • China South-Central, Inner Mongolia, Manchuria, China North-Central, Qinghai, China Southeast, Xinjiang.
    • Regional: Asia-Temperate
      • Mongolia.
    • Regional: Eastern Asia
      • Japan, Korea, Nansei-shoto, Taiwan.
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • Assam, Bangladesh, East Himalaya, Nepal, Pakistan, West Himalaya.
    • Regional: Indo-China
      • Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam.
  • Continental: Australasia (introduced)
    • Regional: Australia
      • New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia.
    • Regional: New Zealand
      • New Zealand North, New Zealand South.
  • Continental: Northern America
    • Regional: Subarctic America
      • Alaska, Northwest Territories.
    • Regional: Western Canada
      • Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan.
    • Regional: Eastern Canada
      • New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Québec.
    • Regional: Northwestern U.S.A.
      • Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming.
    • Regional: North-Central U.S.A.
      • Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, North Dakota, Nebraska, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin.
    • Regional: Northeastern U.S.A.
      • Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia.
    • Regional: Southwestern U.S.A.
      • Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah.
    • Regional: South-Central U.S.A.
      • New Mexico, Texas.
    • Regional: Southeastern U.S.A.
      • Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, District of Columbia.
  • Continental: Southern America (introduced)
    • Regional: Southern South America
      • Argentina South, Chile Central.

参考文献: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

参考文献[编辑]

基本参考[编辑]

链接[编辑]

其他语言[编辑]

العربية: مزمار الراعي
azərbaycanca: Baqəvər
беларуская: Шальнік
čeština: Žabník
dansk: Skeblad
Deutsch: Froschlöffel
Esperanto: Alismo
eesti: Konnarohi
suomi: Sarpiot
hornjoserbsce: Žabnik
日本語: サジオモダカ属
ქართული: წყლის მრავალძარღვა
қазақша: Кербезгүл
lietuvių: Dumblialaiškis
македонски: Воден тегавец
Nederlands: Waterweegbree
norsk: Vassgroslekten
polski: Żabieniec
русский: Частуха
slovenčina: žabník
svenska: Svaltingar
Türkçe: Su sinirli otu
Tiếng Việt: Chi Trạch tả
中文: 泽泻属
Wikimedia Commons 可在维基共享资源获得更多关于Alisma的多媒体资源。 (zh-hans)