Viola collina

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Viola collina

Taxonavigation

[правіць]
Taxonavigation: Malpighiales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Malpighiales

Familia: Violaceae
Genus: Viola
Subgenus: V. subg. Viola
Sectio: V. sect. Viola
Subsectio: V. subsect. Viola
Species: Viola collina

Viola collina Besser, Cat. Hort. Cremeneci: 151 (1816).

Synonyms

[правіць]
  • Homotypic
    • Viola hirta var. collina (Besser) Regel, Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 34: 481 (1861)
    • Viola odorata subsp. collina (Besser) Čelak., Kvet. Okolí Praz. 82 (1870).
    • Viola martii var. collina (Besser) Jess., Deut. Excurs.-Fl.: 219 (1879).
  • Heterotypic
    • Viola hirta var. alpina Ging. in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 1: 295 (1824).
    • Viola propera Jord., Observ. Pl. Nouv. 7: 6 (1849).
    • Viola obscura Schur, Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 4: 10 (1853).
    • Viola gymnocarpa Janka, Linnaea 30: 559 (1860).
    • Viola microceras Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 80 (1866).
    • Viola opizii Knaf ex Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 78 (1878).
    • Viola valesiaca Hausskn. ex Favrat, Bull. Murith. Soc. Valais. Sci. Nat. 13-15: 61 (1887).
    • Viola atrichocarpa Borbás, Oesterr. Bot. Z. 40: 118 (1890).
    • Viola centronum H.Perrier ex W.Becker, Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 26(2): 28 (1909).
    • Viola microdonta C.C.Chang, Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol., n.s., 1: 263 (1949).
    • Viola collina var. intramongolica C.J.Wang, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 13: 257 (1991).
    • Viola crassicalcarata Ching J.Wang, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 14: 379 (1992).
    • Viola collina var. glabricarpa K.Sun, Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 14(3): 236 (1994).

Distribution

[правіць]
Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Northern Europe
      • Finland, Norway, Sweden.
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Poland, Switzerland.
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • France, Spain.
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Italy, Romania, Yugoslavia.
    • Regional: Eastern Europe
      • Belarus, Baltic States, Central European Russia, East European Russia, North European Russia, South European Russia, Northwest European Russia, Ukraine.
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Siberia
      • Altay, Buryatiya, Chita, Irkutsk, West Siberia.
    • Regional: Russian Far East
      • Amur, Khabarovsk, Kuril Islands, Primorye, Sakhalin.
    • Regional: Middle Asia
      • Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Tadzhikistan, Uzbekistan.
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • Afghanistan.
    • Regional: China
      • China South-Central, Inner Mongolia, Manchuria, China North-Central, China Southeast.
    • Regional: Mongolia
      • Mongolia.
    • Regional: Eastern Asia
      • Korea.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References

[правіць]

Vernacular names

[правіць]
čeština: Violka chlumní
Deutsch: Hügel-Veilchen
English: hill violet
suomi: Mäkiorvokki
français: Violette des collines
日本語: エゾノアオイスミレ
lietuvių: Šlaitinė našlaitė
polski: Fiołek pagórkowy
svenska: Bergviol
中文: 球果堇菜
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Viola collina on Wikimedia Commons. (en)