Trifolium arvense

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Trifolium arvense, Keila, Estonia
Trifolium arvense

分类[编辑]

分类: Fabales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Trifolieae
Genus: Trifolium
Subgenus: T. subg. Trifolium
Sectio: T. sect. Trifolium
Species: Trifolium arvense

[编辑]

Trifolium arvense L., 1753

异名[编辑]

  • Trifolium agrestinum Boreau, Fl. Centre France ed. 3, 2: 153 (1857)
  • Trifolium arenivagum Boreau, Fl. Centre France ed. 3, 2: 153 (1857)
  • Trifolium arvense f. komlodiae Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 18(1-2): 174 (1973)
  • Trifolium arvense f. pulchellum (Lange) C.Vicioso, Anal. Inst. Bot. Cavanilles, 11(2): 298 (1954)
  • Trifolium arvense subsp.agrestinum (Boreau) Berher in Louisin Louis, Fl. Vosges, ed. 2: 69 (1887)
  • Trifolium arvense subsp.longisetosum (Boiss. & Balansa) Braun-Blanq., Catal. Fl. Mass. Aigotial: 192 (1933)
  • Trifolium arvense subsp.preslianum (Boiss.) Gibelli & Bell, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 39: 29 (1889)
  • Trifolium arvense var. aetnense Guss., Fl. Sic. Syn., 2: 236 (1844)
  • Trifolium arvense var. agrestinum (Boreau) Merino, Broteria, Str. Bot., 10: 183 (1912)
  • Trifolium arvense var. alopecuroides Rouy, Fl. Fr., 5: 106 (1899)
  • Trifolium arvense var. arenivagum (Jord. ex Boreau) Rouy, Fl. Fr., 5: 106 (1899)
  • Trifolium arvense var. australe Ten., Fl. Nap. 5: 141 (1838)
  • Trifolium arvense var. ballii Murb., Contr. Fl. Maroc [Murb.]1: 62 (1922)
  • Trifolium arvense var. brachyodon Celak., (1881)
  • Trifolium arvense var. brittingeri (Weitenw.) Malag., Syn. Fl. Iber., 39: 614 (1976)
  • Trifolium arvense var. capitatum Ser., DC., Prodr., 2: 19 (1825)
  • Trifolium arvense var. crassicaule Ser.in DC., Prodr. 2: 19 (1825)
  • Trifolium arvense var. cyrenaicum Pamp., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n. ser. 31: 217 (1924)
  • Trifolium arvense subsp.gracile (Thuill.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 175 (1878)
  • Trifolium arvense subsp.gracile (Thuill.) Ponert, Feddes Repert., 83(9-10): 637 1972 (1973), comb. superfl.
  • Trifolium arvense subsp.gracile (Thuill.) Teles, Agron. Lusit., 33 (18): 13 (1971), comb. superfl.
  • Trifolium arvense var. glabrum Vis., Fl. Dalm., 3: 292 (1852)
  • Trifolium arvense var. lagopinum (Jord.) Pit. & Proust, Iles Canaries [Pit. & Proust]: 164 (1909)
  • Trifolium arvense var. latifolium Pantu, Contr. Fl. Bucur. in Anal. Acad. Rom. Mem. Sect. Sti. ser. 2, 32: 145 (1910)
  • Trifolium arvense var. littorale (Jord. ex Boreau) Rouy, Fl. Fr., 5: 106 (1899)
  • Trifolium arvense var. longisetum (Boiss. & Balansa) Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 120 (1872)
  • Trifolium arvense var. maritimum (Corb.) Rouy, Fl. Fr., 5: 105 (1899)
  • Trifolium arvense var. perpusillum Ser.in DC., (1825)
  • Trifolium arvense var. preslianum (Boiss.) Ball, Spicil. Fl. Marocc. [Ball]: 417 (1878)
  • Trifolium arvense var. pulchellum Lange, Vidensk. Meddel. Dansk Naturhist. Foren. Kjobenhavn 1865: 167 (1866)
  • Trifolium arvense var. rubellum (Jord.) Cariot & St.-Lag., Etude Fl., ed. 8, 2: 177 (1889)
  • Trifolium arvense var. sabuletorum (Jord. ex Boreau) Rouy, Fl. Fr., 5: 106 (1899)
  • Trifolium arvense var. strictor Mert. & Koch in Röhling, Deutschl. Fl., 5: 270 (1838)
  • Trifolium arvicola Jord. ex Nyman
  • Trifolium brittingeri Opiz, Naturalientausch: 142 (1825)
  • Trifolium capitellatum Pau, Not. Bot. Fl. Esp.,1: 9 (1887)
  • Trifolium capitellatum var. clarius Merino, Broteria, Str. Bot., 10: 184 (1912)
  • Trifolium cyrenaicum (Pamp.) Maire & Weiller, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord, 30: 274 (1939)
  • Trifolium eriocephalum Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 1: 541 (1843)
  • Trifolium gracile Thuill., Fl. Paris ed. 2: 383 (1800)
  • Trifolium lagopinum Jord., Pugill. Pl. Nov. 57 (1852)
  • Trifolium lagopus Gouan, Fl. Monsp.: 105 (1764)
  • Trifolium littorale Jord. ex Boreau, Fl. Centr. Fr. ed. III. 2: 153 (1857)
  • Trifolium longisetum Boiss. & Balansa, Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 6: 47 (1859)
  • Trifolium preslianum Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., Ser. 1 2: 25 (1843)
  • Trifolium rubellum Jord., Pugill. Pl. Nov.: 57 (1852)
  • Trifolium sabuletorum Jord. ex Boreau, Fl. Centr. Fr. ed. III. 2: 153 (1857)
  • Trifolium villosum Gilib., Fl. Lituan. 2: 89 (1782)


分布[编辑]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • Regional: Macaronesia
      • Canary Is., Madeira
    • Regional: Eastern Africa
      • Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan
  • Continental: Eurasia
      • Albania, Austria, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Central European Rus, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, West Siberia, Yugoslavia
    • Introduced into:
      • Alabama, Altay, Amur, Argentina Northeast, Argentina South, Arkansas, Cape Provinces, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Colombia, Georgia, Haiti, Illinois, Iowa, Irkutsk, Japan, Kentucky, Khabarovsk, Krasnoyarsk, Kuril Is., Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, Nansei-shoto, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, North Carolina, Primorye, Queensland, Sakhalin, South Australia, South Carolina, Sri Lanka, Tennessee, Uruguay, Vermont, Victoria, Virginia, Western Australia, Wisconsin

参考文献: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

参考文献[编辑]

基本参考[编辑]

扩展参考[编辑]

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Aistova, E. (2009). Check-list of adventive flora of Amur region Turczaninowia 12(1-2): 17-40.
  • Zohary, M. & Heller, D. 1984. The genus Trifolium. Jerusalem: The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities. ISBN 965-208-056-X Reference page

链接[编辑]

其他语言[编辑]

العربية: نفل بري
azərbaycanca: Tarla yoncası
беларуская: Канюшына раллявая
català: Peu de llebre
kaszëbsczi: Szaré pùjczi
čeština: Jetel rolní
Cymraeg: Meillionen gedennog
dansk: Harekløver
Deutsch: Hasen-Klee
English: Hare's-foot Clover
español: Pie de liebre
eesti: Kassiristik
فارسی: شبدر خودروی
suomi: Jänönapila
français: Trèfle Pied-de-lièvre
Gaeilge: Cos mhaideach
hornjoserbsce: Zaječi dźećel
magyar: Tarlóhere
հայերեն: Երեքնուկ դաշտային
íslenska: Hérasmári
italiano: Trifoglio arvense
日本語: シャグマハギ
lietuvių: Dirvinis dobilas
Nederlands: Hazenpootje
norsk: Harekløver
polski: Koniczyna polna
русский: Клевер пашенный
slovenčina: Ďatelina roľná
српски / srpski: Пољска детелина
svenska: Harklöver
Türkçe: Tavşanayağı
українська: Конюшина польова
Tiếng Việt: Chẽ ba đồng
中文: 兔足三叶草
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