Quercus robur

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Quercus robur, Frankfurt-Schwanheim, Deutschland
Quercus robur, Newcastle, UK

Taxonavigation[правіць]

Taxonavigation: Fagales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fagales

Familia: Fagaceae
Genus: Quercus
Subgenus: Q. subg. Quercus
Species: Quercus robur
Subspecies: Q. r. subsp. broteroana – Q. r. subsp. brutia – Q. r. subsp. imeretina – Q. r. subsp. pedunculiflora – Q. r. subsp. robur

Name[правіць]

Quercus robur L., Sp. Pl.: 996 (1753).

Synonyms[правіць]

  • Homotypic
    • Quercus robur subsp. longipeduncula Ehrh., Hannover. Mag. 18: 234 (1780), not validly publ.
    • Quercus longaeva Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 392 (1796), nom. superfl.
    • Quercus robur var. vulgaris A.DC. in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(2): 4 (1864), not validly publ.
    • Quercus robur var. typica Beck, Fl. Nieder-Österreich 1: 271 (1890), not validly publ.
    • Quercus robur subsp. eurobur A.Camus, Chênes, Texte 2: 309 (1939), not validly publ.

Hybrids[правіць]

Distribution[правіць]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Eurasia
    • Albania, Altay, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Central European Russia, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Kriti, Krym, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russia, Northwest European Russia, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, South European Russia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Yugoslavia
  • Introduced into:
    • British Columbia, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Colorado, Free State, Kentucky, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, New Brunswick, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward I., Réunion, St.Helena

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[правіць]

Primary references[правіць]

Additional references[правіць]

  • Govaerts, R.H.A. & Frodin, D. 1998. World Checklist and Bibliography of Fagales (Betulaceae, Corylaceae, Fagaceae and Ticodendraceae). VIII + 408 p. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ISBN 1-900347-46-6. Reference page
  • Jones, R.L. (2005). Plant life of Kentucky. An illustrated guide to the vascular flora: 1-833. The universitry press of Kentucky.
  • Krasnoborov, I.M. & Armemov, I.A. (2012). Opredelitel' Rasteni? Respublika Alta?: 1-640. Novosibirsk: Izd-vo SO RAN.
  • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542. New York Botanical Garden.

Links[правіць]

Vernacular names[правіць]

العربية: سنديان قوي
asturianu: Carbayu
azərbaycanca: Yay palıdı
žemaitėška: Ōžouls
беларуская: Дуб звычайны
български: Обикновен дъб
bosanski: Hrast lužnjak
català: Roure pènol
čeština: Dub letní
dansk: Stilk-Eg
Deutsch: Stieleiche
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Róra
English: Pedunculate Oak
Esperanto: Tigfrukta kverko
español: Roble carballo
eesti: Harilik tamm
euskara: Haritz kandudun
فارسی: بلوط قرمز اروپایی
suomi: Metsätammi
français: Chêne pédonculé
galego: Carballo común
hrvatski: Hrast lužnjak
hornjoserbsce: Šiškaty dub
magyar: Kocsányos tölgy
Ido: Rovro
italiano: Farnia
日本語: ヨーロッパナラ
Līvõ kēļ: Täm
lietuvių: Paprastasis ąžuolas
latviešu: Parastais ozols
македонски: Стежер
кырык мары: Тум
Nederlands: Zomereik
norsk nynorsk: Sommareik
norsk: Sommereik
polski: Dąb szypułkowy
پنجابی: پیڈنکلیٹ بلوط
português: Carvalho-roble
Runa Simi: Rawli
română: Stejar
русский: Дуб черешчатый
davvisámegiella: Eaika
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Hrast lužnjak
slovenčina: Dub letný
slovenščina: Dob
српски / srpski: Лужњак
svenska: Ek
Türkçe: Saplı meşe
українська: Дуб черешчатий
中文: 夏櫟
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Quercus robur on Wikimedia Commons. (en)