Punica granatum

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Punica granatum
Punica granatum

Класификация

[редактиране]
Класификация: Myrtales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Myrtales

Familia: Lythraceae
Genus: Punica
Species: Punica granatum

Punica granatum L., Sp. Pl.: 472 (1753).


Синоними

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  • Homotypic
    • Rhoea punica St.-Lag. in Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 133 (1880), nom. superfl.
  • Heterotypic
    • Granatum punicum St.-Lag. in Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 132 (1880)
    • Punica florida Salisb. in Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 354 (1796), nom. superfl.
    • Punica granatum var. acidula Risso in Hist. Nat. Prod. Eur. Mérid. 2: 179 (1826)
    • Punica granatum var. alba Risso in Hist. Nat. Prod. Eur. Mérid. 2: 179 (1826)
    • Punica granatum f. albescens (DC.) Rehder in Bibliogr. Cult. Trees: 484 (1949)
    • Punica granatum var. albescens DC. in Prodr. 3: 4 (1828)
    • Punica granatum var. flava Loudon in Arbor. Frutic. Brit. 2: 940 (1838)
    • Punica granatum f. flavescens (Sweet) Rehder in Bibliogr. Cult. Trees: 484 (1949)
    • Punica granatum var. flavescens Sweet in Hort. Brit., ed. 2: 195 (1830)
    • Punica granatum var. frutescens Siebold & Zucc. in Abh. Math.-Phys. Cl. Königl. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. 4(2): 133 (1845)
    • Punica granatum var. legrelliae Lem. in Ill. Hort. 5: t. 156 (1858)
    • Punica granatum f. legrelliae (Lem.) Rehder in Bibliogr. Cult. Trees: 484 (1949)
    • Punica granatum var. lutea Risso in Hist. Nat. Prod. Eur. Mérid. 2: 179 (1826)
    • Punica granatum var. macrocarpa Risso in Hist. Nat. Prod. Eur. Mérid. 2: 178 (1826)
    • Punica granatum var. microcarpa Risso in Hist. Nat. Prod. Eur. Mérid. 2: 178 (1826)
    • Punica granatum var. militensis Risso in Hist. Nat. Prod. Eur. Mérid. 2: 181 (1826)
    • Punica granatum var. multiplex Sweet in Hort. Brit., ed. 2: 195 (1830)
    • Punica granatum f. multiplex (Sweet) Rehder in Bibliogr. Cult. Trees: 484 (1949)
    • Punica granatum var. nana (L.) Pers. in Syn. Pl. 2: 33 (1806)
    • Punica granatum var. parvifolia Risso in Hist. Nat. Prod. Eur. Mérid. 2: 181 (1826)
    • Punica granatum f. plena Voss in K.Putlitz & L.Meyer, Landlexikon 3: 260 (1912)
    • Punica granatum var. pleniflora Hayne in Getreue Darstell. Gew. 10: t. 35 (1827)
    • Punica granatum f. pleniflora (Hayne) Rehder in Bibliogr. Cult. Trees: 484 (1949)
    • Punica granatum var. pumila Weinm. in Syll. Pl. Nov. 2: 22 (1825)
    • Punica granatum var. sanguinea Risso in Hist. Nat. Prod. Eur. Mérid. 2: 178 (1826)
    • Punica granatum var. sativum K.Malý in Syst. Beschr. Österr. Med. Pfl.: 138 (1863)
    • Punica granatum var. semiplena Risso in Hist. Nat. Prod. Eur. Mérid. 2: 180 (1826)
    • Punica granatum var. semperflorens Risso in Hist. Nat. Prod. Eur. Mérid. 2: 180 (1826)
    • Punica granatum var. variegata Risso in Hist. Nat. Prod. Eur. Mérid. 2: 180 (1826)
    • Punica granatum var. vulgaris Risso in Hist. Nat. Prod. Eur. Mérid. 2: 177 (1826)
    • Punica grandiflora Steud. in Nomencl. Bot. 1: 669 (1821), not validly publ.
    • Punica legrellei J.N.Haage & E.Schmidt in Pflanzenverzeichniss 1875: 2 (1875)
    • Punica multiflora Voss in Vilm. Blumengärtn., ed. 3. 1: 324 (1894), pro syn.
    • Punica nana L. in Sp. Pl., ed. 2.: 676 (1762)
    • Punica spinosa Lam. in Fl. Franç. 3: 483 (1779), nom. superfl.

Забележка:

[редактиране]

Punica sinensis Hort. ex Lavallée Énum. Arbres 112 (1877) is a nom. nud. without known application.

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental:Asia-temperate Afghanistan, Pakistan, Tadzhikistan, Turkmenistan
    • Regional: Southwestern Asia
      • Iran, Iraq, Turkey
    • Regional: Caucasus
      • North Caucasus, Transcaucasus
    • Regional: Peninsular Arabia
      • Socotra
    • Introduced into:
      • Alabama, Albania, Algeria, Andaman Is., Bahamas, Baleares, Bangladesh, Bermuda, Bulgaria, California, Cameroon, Canary Is., Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Chad, China South-Central, Comoros, Corse, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., Ecuador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Free State, Greece, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, India, Italy, Jamaica, Korea, Kriti, Laos, Leeward Is., Libya, Marianas, Marshall Is., Mexico Central, Morocco, New Caledonia, Nicobar Is., Niger, Norfolk Is., Oman, Panamá, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Romania, Réunion, Somalia, Spain, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Sweden, Switzerland, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey-in-Europe, Turks-Caicos Is., Uzbekistan, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Windward Is., Yemen, Yugoslavia

Позовавания: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Позовавания

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Primary references

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Additional references

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Местни имена

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Afrikaans: Granaat
aragonés: Minglanera
العربية: رمان
беларуская: гранат звычайны
বাংলা: বেদানা
català: Magraner
čeština: Marhaník obecný
Cymraeg: Grawnafal
Deutsch: Granatapfel
Ελληνικά: ρόδι
English: Pomegranate
Esperanto: Granato
español: Granado
suomi: Granaattiomena
français: Grenadier commun
עברית: רימון מצוי
hrvatski: Šipak
magyar: Gránátalma
italiano: Il frutto del melograno
日本語: ザクロ, 石榴
lietuvių: Paprastasis granatmedis
latviešu: Parastais granātābols
монгол: анар
ဘာသာမန်: သတ်ဒလန်၊ သတ်မမၞိက်
Nederlands: Granaatappel
norsk: Granateple
polski: Granat właściwy
português: Romã
српски / srpski: Nar
svenska: Granatäpple
Türkçe: Nar
vèneto: Malgaragno
Tiếng Việt: Quả lựu
中文: 石榴
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Punica granatum on Wikimedia Commons. (en)