Centaurium erythraea

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Centaurium erythraea
Centaurium erythraea

Taxonavigation[Bearbeiten]

Taxonavigation: Gentianales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Gentianaceae
Tribus: Chironieae
Subtribus: Chironiinae
Genus: Centaurium
Species: Centaurium erythraea
Subspecies: C. e. subsp. apertum – C. e. subsp. bernardii – C. e. subsp. enclusense – C. e. subsp. erythraea – C. e. subsp. grandiflorum – C. e. subsp. limoniiforme – C. e. subsp. majus – C. e. subsp. rumelicum – C. e. subsp. suffruticosum – C. e. subsp. turcicum

Name[Bearbeiten]

Centaurium erythraea Rafn, Danmarks og Holsteens Flora 2: 75–77. (1800)

Synonyme[Bearbeiten]

  • Centaurella dichotoma Delarbre
  • Centaurium capitatum (Willd.) Borbás
  • Centaurium corymbosum (Dulac) Druce
  • Centaurium erythraea var. capitatum (Willd.) Melderis
  • Centaurium erythraea var. fasciculare (Duby) Ubsdell
  • Centaurium erythraea var. latifolium (Sm.) T.C.G.Rich
  • Centaurium erythraea var. laxum (Boiss.) Mouterde ex Charpin & Greuter
  • Centaurium erythraea var. masclansii O.Bolòs & Vigo
  • Centaurium erythraea var. subcapitatum (Corb.) Ubsdell
  • Centaurium erythraea var. sublitorale (Wheldon & Salmon) Ubsdell
  • Centaurium latifolium (Sm.) Druce
  • Centaurium lomae (Gilg) Druce
  • Centaurium minus Moench
  • Centaurium minus var. austriacum (Ronniger ex Fritsch) Soó
  • Centaurium minus var. transiens (Wittr.) Soó
  • Centaurium umbellatum f. album Sigunov
  • Centaurium umbellatum var. fasciculare (Duby) Gilmour
  • Centaurium vulgare Rafn
  • Chironia centaurium (L.) F.W.Schmidt
  • Chironia centaurium var. fascicularis Duby
  • Chironia erythraea Schousb.
  • Erythraea capitata Willd.
  • Erythraea centaurium (L.) Pers.
  • Erythraea centaurium f. itatiaiaensis Dusén
  • Erythraea corymbosa Dulac
  • Erythraea germanica Hoffmanns. & Link
  • Erythraea latifolia Sm.
  • Erythraea lomae Gilg
  • Erythraea vulgaris Gray
  • Gentiana centaurium L.
  • Gentiana gerardii F.W.Schmidt
  • Gentiana palustris Lam.
  • Gonipia linearis Raf.
  • Hippocentaurea centaurium Schult.
  • Libadion variabile Bubani
  • Xolemia palustris (DC.) Raf.

Verbreitung[Bearbeiten]

Natürliche Verbreitungsgebiete:
  • Continental: Eurasia
    • Albania, Altay, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Central European Russia, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russia, Northwest European Russia, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, South European Russia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Yemen, Yugoslavia
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Morocco
  • Introduced into:
    • Argentina South, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, British Columbia, California, Canary Is., Costa Rica, Ecuador, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Jamaica, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Montana, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, North Carolina, Northern Territory, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Peru, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Réunion, South Australia, Vermont, Victoria, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Western Australia

Quellennachweise: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Quellennachweise[Bearbeiten]

Primärliteratur[Bearbeiten]

Weitere Literatur[Bearbeiten]

  • Abdulina, S.A. (1999). Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana: 1-187. Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.

Weblinks[Bearbeiten]

Trivialnamen[Bearbeiten]

azərbaycanca: Kiçik qızılçətir
башҡортса: Һарыгүҙ
български: червен кантарион
català: Herba de Santa Margarida
čeština: zeměžluč okolíkatá, zeměžluč hořká
Cymraeg: Y ganrhi goch
dansk: Mark-Tusindgylden
Deutsch: Echtes Tausendgüldenkraut, Echtes Tausendguldenkraut
English: common centaury, drug centaury, European centaury
Esperanto: Eritreo
español: centáurea menor, aciano, amargosa, centaura, centaura menor, centaura menor roja, centaurea menor, centáurea menor, cintoria, cintoria de oro, eritrea, escobilla, genciana blanca, gota de sangre, hiel de la tierra, hiel del campo, hiel de tierra, hierba amargosa, hierba de guirón, hierba de la liebre, hierba pedorrera, lapicocho, sanginaria, santaura, siete sangrías, yel de la tierra, yerba amargosa, yerba margosa
suomi: Rohtosappi
français: Petite-centaurée commune, Petite-centaurée rouge, Herbe à Chiron, Petite-centaurée, Érythrée
עברית: ערבז סוככני
hrvatski: Kičica
hornjoserbsce: Prawa wjelezłotowka
magyar: Kis ezerjófű
italiano: Centaurea minore, Erythraea centaurium, Erythrea centaurium
ქართული: ასისთავა
қазақша: Шатырша толғақшөп
lietuvių: Skėtinė širdažolė
latviešu: Čemuru augstiņš, Centaurium umbellatum
Mirandés: fiel-de-la-tierra
Nederlands: Echt duizendguldenkruid
Ирон: Аууондархуыз
polski: Centuria pospolita, Centaurium minus, Tysiącznik pospolity, Centuria zwyczajna, Tysiącznik
português: Erythraea centaurium, Centaurium minus, Centaurium majus
română: Țintaură, Ţintaură, Centaurium umbellatum
русский: Золототысячник обыкновенный
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kičica, Crveni kantarion, Grozničavče
slovenčina: zemežlč menšia
slovenščina: Navadna tavžentroža, Tavžentroža
српски / srpski: Кичица, црвени кантарион, грозничавче
svenska: Flockarun
українська: Золототисячник малий, Семисильник, Сардушник, Центурія, Centaurium umbellatum
中文(简体): 日本鬼灯檠
中文(繁體): 日本鬼燈檠
中文(台灣): 日本鬼燈檠
中文: 日本鬼燈檠
Wikimedia Commons Für weitere Multimedia-Dateien siehe unter Centaurium erythraea bei Wikimedia Commons.