Centaurium

Aus Wikispecies
Zur Navigation springen Zur Suche springen

Taxonavigation[Bearbeiten]

Taxonavigation: Gentianales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Gentianaceae
Tribus: Chironieae
Subtribus: Chironiinae
Genus: Centaurium
Species: C. ameghinoi – C. barrelieroides – C. bianoris – C. cachanlahuen – C. capense – C. centaurioides – C. chloodes – C. × cicekii – C. cochinchinense – C. compar – C. erythraea – C. favargeri – C. flexuosum – C. intermedium – C. × jolivetinum – C. × litardierei – C. littorale – C. malzacianum – C. maritimum – C. minutissimum – C. portense – C. pulchellum – C. quadrifolium – C. rigualii – C. scilloides – C. serpentinicola – C. tenuiflorum

Source(s) of checklist:

Name[Bearbeiten]

Centaurium Hill, Brit. Herb. 62[–63, pl. 9 [upper left]] (1756).

  • Typusart: Gentiana centaurium L., Sp. Pl. 1: 229 (1753), designated by A. Melderis in V.H. Heywood, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 65: 229 (1972) sensu Centaurium littorale (D.Turner) Gilmour, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1937(10): 498 (1937).

Synonyme[Bearbeiten]

  • Heterotypisch
    • Centaurella Delarbre, Fl. Auvergne, ed. 2: 28 (1800).
    • Erythraea Reneaulme ex Borkh., Arch. Bot. (Leipzig) 1(1): 28 (1796).
    • Hippocentaurea Schult., Oestr. Fl., ed. 2, 1: 388 (1814).
    • Gonipia Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 23 (1837).
    • Libadion Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 1: 539 (1897).
    • Xanthaea Rchb., Deut. Bot. Herb.-Buch: 132 (1841).
    • Monodiella Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord, 34: 137 (1943).

Homonyme[Bearbeiten]


Verbreitung[Bearbeiten]

Natürliche Verbreitungsgebiete:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Northern Europe
      • Denmark, Finland, Great Britain, Ireland, Norway, Sweden.
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland.
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • Baleares, Corse, France, Portugal, Sardegna, Spain.
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Romania, Sicilia, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia.
    • Regional: Eastern Europe
      • Belarus, Baltic States, Krym, Central European Russia, East European Russia, North European Russia, South European Russia, Northwest European Russia, Ukraine.
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia, Western Sahara.
    • Regional: Macaronesia
      • Azores, Canary Islands, Cape Verde, Madeira.
    • Regional: West Tropical Africa
      • Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal.
    • Regional: Northeast Tropical Africa
      • Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Socotra, Somalia.
    • Regional: Western Indian Ocean
      • Mauritius, Réunion.
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Siberia
      • Altay, West Siberia.
    • Regional: Russian Far East
      • Primorye.
    • Regional: Middle Asia
      • Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Tadzhikistan, Uzbekistan.
    • Regional: Caucasus
      • North Caucasus, Transcaucasus.
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • Afghanistan, Cyprus, East Aegean Islands, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Sinai, Turkey.
    • Regional: Arabian Peninsula
      • Gulf States, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen.
    • Regional: China
      • Hainan, Inner Mongolia, Manchuria, China North-Central, Qinghai, China Southeast, Xinjiang.
    • Regional: Mongolia
      • Mongolia.
    • Regional: Eastern Asia
      • Taiwan.
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, West Himalaya.
    • Regional: Indo-China
      • Vietnam.
  • Continental: Australasia
    • Regional: Australia
      • Norfolk Islands, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia.
    • Regional: New Zealand
      • New Zealand North, New Zealand South.
  • Continental: Northern America
    • Regional: Western Canada
      • British Columbia.
    • Regional: Eastern Canada
      • New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec.
    • Regional: Northwestern U.S.A.
      • Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming.
    • Regional: North-Central U.S.A.
      • Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska, South Dakota, Wisconsin.
    • Regional: Northeastern U.S.A.
      • Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia.
    • Regional: Southwestern U.S.A.
      • California.
    • Regional: South-Central U.S.A.
      • Texas.
    • Regional: Southeastern U.S.A.
      • Alabama, Delaware, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Virginia.
    • Regional: Mexico
      • Mexican Pacific Islands, Mexico Northwest.
  • Continental: Southern America
    • Regional: Central America
      • Costa Rica.
    • Regional: Caribbean
      • Bermuda, Jamaica, Leeward Islands, Windward Islands.
    • Regional: Western South America
      • Bolivia (doubtfully present), Ecuador (introduced), Peru.
    • Regional: Brazil
      • Brazil Southeast, Brazil South.
    • Regional: Southern South America
      • Argentina Northeast, Argentina South, Argentina Northwest, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, Juan Fernández Islands, Uruguay.
  • Continental: Antarctic
    • Regional: Subantarctic Islands
      • Falkland Islands.
  • Note: Grey script indicates introduced occurrences.

Quellennachweise: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Quellennachweise[Bearbeiten]

Primärliteratur[Bearbeiten]

Weitere Literatur[Bearbeiten]

Weblinks[Bearbeiten]

Trivialnamen[Bearbeiten]

čeština: zeměžluč
dansk: Tusindgylden
Deutsch: Tausendgüldenkraut
English: Centaury
Esperanto: Centaŭrio
español: Centaurion
eesti: Maasapp
فارسی: قنطوریون
suomi: Sapet
français: Petite centaurée
hornjoserbsce: Wjelezłotowka
magyar: Ezerjófű
հայերեն: Ոսկեհազարուկ
қазақша: Толғақшөп
lietuvių: Širdažolė
Nederlands: Duizendguldenkruid
ирон: Ризæджыгæрдæг
polski: Centuria
русский: Золототысячник
slovenčina: zemežlč
svenska: Arunsläktet
Türkçe: Kantaron
українська: Золототисячник
中文: 百金花属
Wikimedia Commons Für weitere Multimedia-Dateien siehe unter Centaurium bei Wikimedia Commons.