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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Chordata Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Osteichthyes
Classis: Actinopterygii
Subclassis: Neopterygii
Infraclassis: Teleostei
Superordo: Acanthopterygii
Ordo: Perciformes
Subordo: Trachinoidei
Familia (12): Ammodytidae - Champsodontidae - Cheimarrichthyidae - Chiasmodontidae - Creediidae - Leptoscopidae - Percophidae - Pinguipedidae - Trachinidae - Trichodontidae - Trichonotidae - Uranoscopidae (For other familiae traditionally contained here, see Talk:Trachinoidei)


  • Imamura, H.; Matsuura, K. 2003: Redefinition and phylogenetic relationships of the family Pinguipedidae (Teleostei: Perciformes). Ichthyological research, 50: 259-269.
  • Imamura, H. & Odani, K.; 2012: An overview of the phylogenetic relationships of the suborder Trachinoidei (Acanthomorpha: Perciformes). Ichthyological Research, published online: 24 August 2012, doi: 10.1007/s10228-012-0304-0 . reference page 
  • Wainwright, P.C.; Smith, W.L.; Price, S.A.; Tang, K.L.; Sparks, J.S.; Ferry, L.A.; Kuhn, K.L.; Eytan, R.I.; & Near, T.J. 2012: The evolution of pharyngognathy: a phylogenetic and functional appraisal of the pharyngeal jaw key innovation in labroid fishes and beyond. Systematic biology, 61 (6): 1001–1027. doi: 10.1093/sysbio/sys060 

Vernacular names[edit]

Deutsch: Drachenfische
日本語: ワニギス亜目
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Trachinoidei on Wikimedia Commons.