Bilateria

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Nuvola apps important.svg The status, affinity, scope or nomenclature of this taxon is disputed.

Please see discussion on the talk page.

Taxonavigation[edit]

Main Page
Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladi (2): Acoelomorpha - Nephrozoa
[source: Hejnol et al. (2009)]

References[edit]

phylogeny[edit]

  • Balavoine, G.; Adoutte, A. 1998: One or three Cambrian radiations? Science, 280: 397-398. doi: 10.1126/science.280.5362.397
  • Hejnol, A. et al. 2009 (online): Assessing the root of bilaterian animals with scalable phylogenomic methods. Proceedings of the Royal Society (B), doi: 10.1098/rspb.2009.0896
  • Jondelius, U.; Ruiz-Trillo, I.; Baguñà, J.; Riutort, M. 2002: The Nemertodermatida are basal bilaterians and not members of the Platyhelminthes. Zoologica scripta, 31: 201-215. doi: 10.1046/j.1463-6409.2002.00090.x
  • Lartillot, N.; Philippe, H. 2008: Improvement of molecular phylogenetic inference and the phylogeny of Bilateria. Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society (B), 363: 1463-1472. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2007.2236
  • Paps, J.; Baguñà, J.; Riutort, M. 2009: Bilaterian phylogeny: a broad sampling of 13 nuclear genes provides a new Lophotrochozoa phylogeny and supports a paraphyletic basal Acoelomorpha. Molecular biology and evolution, 26(10): 2397-2406. doi: 10.1093/molbev/msp150
  • Rieger, R.; Ladurner, P. 2001: Searching for the stem species of the Bilateria. Belgian journal of zoology, 131(supplement 1): 27-34. ISSN: 0777-6276 PDF
  • Wallberg, A.; Curini-Galletti, M.; Ahmadzadeh, A.; Jondelius, U. 2007: Dismissal of Acoelomorpha: Acoela and Nemertodermatida are separate early bilaterian clades. Zoologica scripta, 36: 509-523. doi: 10.1111/j.1463-6409.2007.00295.x
  • Zrzavý, J. 2002: Gastrotricha and metazoan phylogeny. Zoologica scripta, 32: 61-81. doi: 10.1046/j.1463-6409.2003.00104.x

Vernacular names[edit]

български: Двустранносиметрични
català: Bilateri
Deutsch: Bilateria oder Zweiseitentiere
eesti: Kahekülgsed
English: Bilaterians
français: Bilatériens, Bilatéraux
한국어: 좌우대칭동물상문
magyar: Kétoldali szimmetriájú állatok
македонски: Животни со билатерална симетрија
日本語: 左右相称動物上門 (さゆうそうしょうどうぶつじょうもん)
norsk bokmål: Bilaterier
polski: Zwierzęta dwubocznie symetryczne
português: Bilaterados
русский: Двусторонне-симметричные
svenska: Tvåsidiga djur
Türkçe: Bilateral simetrililer , Bakışımlı simetrililer , Çift taraflı simetrililer
中文: 左右对称动物总纲