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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Neuropterida
Ordo: Raphidioptera
Familiae: Inocelliidae - Raphidiidae - †Baissopteridae - †Chrysoraphidiidae - †Juroraphidiidae - †Mesoraphidiidae - incertae sedis


  • Aspöck, H. 2002: The biology of Raphidioptera: a review of present knowledge. Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, 48: 35–50. PDF
  • Bechly, G.; Wolf-Schwenninger, K. 2011: A new fossil genus and species of snakefly (Raphidioptera: Mesoraphidiidae) from Lower Cretaceous Lebanese amber, with a discussion of snakefly phylogeny and fossil history. Insect systematics & evolution, 42(2): 221-236. doi: 10.1163/187631211X568164
  • Liu, X., Ren, D., & Yang, D. 2014: New transitional fossil snakeflies from China illuminate the early evolution of Raphidioptera. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 14 (84). doi: 10.1186/1471-2148-14-84
  • Makarkin, V.N.; Archibald, S.B. 2014: A revision of the late Eocene snakeflies (Raphidioptera) of the Florissant Formation, Colorado, with special reference to the wing venation of the Raphidiomorpha. Zootaxa 3784 (4): 401-444. doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3784.4.4 reference page 
  • Pérez-de la Fuente, R.; Peñalver, E.; Delclòs, X.; Engel, M.S. 2012: Snakefly diversity in Early Cretaceous amber from Spain (Neuropterida, Raphidioptera). ZooKeys, 204: 1–40. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.204.2740 reference page 
  • Shcherbakov, D.E. 2013: Permian ancestors of Hymenoptera and Raphidioptera. ZooKeys, 358: 45-67. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.358.6289 reference page 


  • Roskov Y., Kunze T., Orrell T., Abucay L., Paglinawan L., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Decock W., De Wever A., Didžiulis V., eds. (2014) Raphidioptera in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 17th March 2014. Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col. Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

Vernacular names[edit]

Alemannisch: Kamelhalsmugge
čeština: Dlouhošíjky
Deutsch: Kamelhalsfliegen
English: Snakefly
한국어: 약대벌레목
magyar: Tevenyakú fátyolkák
日本語: ラクダムシ目
polski: wielbłądki
suomi: Käärmekorennot
中文: 蛇蛉目
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Raphidioptera on Wikimedia Commons.