Bufo bufo

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Bufo bufo

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Neobatrachia

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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Chordata Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Amphibia
Subclassis: Lissamphibia
Ordo: Anura
Subordo: Neobatrachia

Familia: Bufonidae
Genus: Bufo
Species: Bufo bufo
Subspecies: B. b. bufo – B. b. grediscola – B. b. spinosus

Name[edit]

  • Bufo bufo (Linnaeus, 1758)
    • Type locality: "in Europae nemorosis ruderatis umbrosis, imprimis Ucraniae"
    • Holotypus: Not stated or known to exist
    • Original combination: Rana bufo
    • Combination: Pegaeus bufo — Gistel, 1868
    • Combination: Bufo (Bufo) bufo — Dubois and Bour, 2010

Synonyms[edit]

  • Rana rubeta Linnaeus, 1758
  • Rana ventricosa Linnaeus, 1758
    • Bufo ventricosus — Laurenti, 1768
    • Bufo ventricosus — Bonnaterre, 1789
    • Engystoma ventricosus — Fitzinger, 1826
  • Bufo vulgaris Laurenti, 1768
  • Buffo vulgaris — Lacépède, 1788
  • Buffo strumosus Lacépède, 1788
  • Rana pluvialis Lacépède, 1788
  • Bufo cinereus Schneider, 1799
  • Bufo rubeta — Schneider, 1799
  • Rana acephala Schneider, 1799
  • Bufo Rouselei Latreille in Sonnini de Manoncourt and Latreille, 1801
  • Bufo Roeselii — Daudin, 1803
  • Bufo spinosus Daudin, 1803
  • Rana scorodesma Hermann, 1804
  • Batrachus buffo Rafinesque, 1814
  • Batrachus spinosus — Rafinesque, 1814
  • Bufo minutus Schinz, 1822
  • Bufo ferruginosus Risso, 1826
  • Bufo tuberculosus Risso, 1826
  • Bombinator ventricosus — Cuvier, 1829
  • Bufo palmarum Cuvier, 1829
  • Bufo minutus Schinz, 1833
  • Bufo alpinus Schinz, 1833
  • Bufo carbunculus Bonaparte, 1835
  • Rana (Bufo) vulgaris — Guérin-Méneville, 1838
  • Bufo vinearum Lesson, 1841
  • Phryne vulgaris — Fitzinger, 1843
  • Bufo commutatus Steenstrup, 1846
  • Bufo communis Günther, 1859
  • Bufo communis Bruch, 1862
  • Bufo cinereus var. minor Koch, 1872
  • Bufo cinereus var. medius Koch
  • Bufo cinereus var. hybridus Koch, 1872
  • Platosphus gervais de lIsle, 1877
  • Bufo vulgaris var. acutirostris Lessona, 1877
  • Bufo vulgaris var. obtusirostris Lessona, 1877
  • Bufo vulgaris cinereus — Lataste, 1880
  • Bufo rubeta var. robustior Lataste in Boscá, 1880
  • Bufo rubeta var. robustior Lataste in Boscá, 1880
  • Bufo spelaeus Rivière, 1886
  • Bufo bufo bufo — Poche, 1912
  • Bufo vulgaris var. spinosus — Schreiber, 1912
  • Pelobates Wilsoni Boscá, 1919
  • Bufo bufo spinosu — Mertens, 1925
  • Bufo bufo gredosicola Müller and Hellmich, 1935

References[edit]

  • Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis, Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Holmiæ: impensis direct. Laurentii Salvii. i–ii, 1–824 pp  doi: 10.5962/bhl.title.542: page 210.
  • Dubois, A. & R. Bour. 2010: The nomenclatural status of the nomina of amphibians and reptiles created by Garsault (1764), with a parsimonious solution to an old nomenclatural problem regarding the genus Bufo (Amphibia, Anura), comments on the taxonomy of this genus, and comments on some nomina created by Laurenti (1768). Zootaxa, 2447: 1-52.
  • Crnobrnja-Isailović, J., S. Ćurčić, D. Stojadinović, N. Tomašević-Kolarov, I. Aleksić & Ž. Tomanović, 2012: Diet Composition and Food Preferences in Adult Common Toads (Bufo bufo) (Amphibia: Anura: Bufonidae). Journal of herpetology, 46(4): 562-567. doi: 10.1670/10-264.
  • Frost, Darrel R. 2010. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.4 (8 April, 2010). Electronic Database accessible at [1] American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. Bufo bufo . Accessed on 10 Apr 2008.
  • World Conservation Monitoring Centre IUCN: Bufo bufo (Least Concern)

Vernacular names[edit]

aragonés: Bufo bufo
azərbaycanca: Adi quru qurbağası
беларуская: Рапуха шэрая
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Рапуха шэрая
Boarisch: Brotz
brezhoneg: Touseg boutin
български: Кафява крастава жаба
català: Gripau comú
čeština: Ropucha obecná
српски / srpski: Обична крастача
Cymraeg: Llyffant dafadennog
dansk: Skrubtudse
Deutsch: Erdkröte
dolnoserbski: Pólna škrodawa
eesti: Harilik kärnkonn
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Rosp
English: Common Toad
español: Sapo común
euskara: Apo arrunt
فارسی: بوفو بوفو
français: Crapaud commun
galego: Sapo común
한국어: 두꺼비류
hornjoserbsce: Pólna krokawa
hrvatski: Smeđa krastača
italiano: Rospo comune
עברית: קרפדה מצויה
kaszëbsczi: Parchatnica
lietuvių: Pilkoji rupūžė
magyar: Barna varangy
Nederlands: Gewone pad
日本語: ヨーロッパヒキガエル
norsk bokmål: Nordpadde, Vanlig padde
norsk nynorsk: Nordpadde
polski: Ropucha szara
português: Sapo-comum
русский: Обыкновенная жаба
sicilianu: Buffa
Simple English: Common toad
slovenčina: Ropucha bradavičnatá
slovenščina: Navadna krastača
suomi: Rupikonna
svenska: Vanlig padda
తెలుగు: గోదురు కప్ప
Tiếng Việt: Bufo bufo
Türkçe: Kara kurbağası
українська: Ропуха звичайна
West-Vlams: Padde
中文: 大蟾蜍