Opuntia monacantha

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Opuntia monacantha

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Caryophyllales
Classification System: APG III (down to family level)

Main Page
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Cactaceae
Subfamilia: Opuntioideae
Tribus: Opuntieae
Genus: Opuntia
Species: Opuntia monacantha

Name[edit]

Opuntia monacantha Haw., 1819, type cons.

Synonyms[edit]

Heterotypic
  • Cactus monacanthos Willd., Enum. Pl. Suppl. 33. 1813.
  • Cactus chinensis Roxb., Fl. Indica 2: 476. 1832.
  • Cactus indicus Roxb., Fl. Indica 2: 475. 1832.
  • Cactus urumbeba Vell., Fl. Flum. 207. 1825.
  • Opuntia brunneogemmia (F.Ritter) C.Schlindwein, Bradleya 13: 29. 1995.
  • Opuntia lemaireana Console ex F.A.C.Weber, Dict. Hort. (Bois) 894. 1898.
  • Opuntia monacantha subsp. brunneogemmia (F.Ritter) P.J.Braun & Esteves, Succulenta (Netherlands) 74: 133. 1995.
  • Opuntia monacantha var. deflexa Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck. 1849. 66. 1850.
  • Opuntia monacantha var. gracilior Lem., Cact. Gen. Nov. Sp. 68. 1839.
  • Opuntia monacantha var. gracilior Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck. (1849). 66, 235. 1850.
  • Opuntia monacantha var. variegata Coll. Cact. Alexandra Park (Darrah) 57. 1908; fide Britton & Rose, Cactaceae, 1: 157. 1919.
  • Opuntia roxburghiana Voigt, Hort. Suburb. Calcutt. 62. 1845.
  • Opuntia umbrella Steud., Nom. ed. 2. 2: 222. 1841.
  • Platyopuntia brunneogemmia F.Ritter, Kakteen Südamerika 1: 34 (-35), fig. 1979.

Notes[edit]

The name Opuntia monacantha has been neotypified to represent this species, native to southeast South America. It was originally used by Haworth for Opuntia stricta Mill. In litterature, Opuntia vulgaris Mill., often applies to this species, but should be regarded as a synonym to Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill.

References[edit]

  • Supplementum Plantarum Succulentarum ... 81. 1819
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database]. [1]

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Drooping Prickly Pear, Cochineal Prickly Pear, Barbary Fig
español: Monducuru, Urumbeba, Arumbeva, Cardo Palmado
lea faka-Tonga: kakatisi
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Opuntia monacantha on Wikimedia Commons.