Malaxis monophyllos

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Malaxis monophyllos

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Asparagales
Classification System: APG III (down to family level)

Main Page
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Epidendroideae
Tribus: Malaxideae
Genus: Malaxis
Species: Malaxis monophyllos
Varietates: M. monophyllos. var. brachypoda – M. monophyllos. var. monophyllos – M. monophyllos. var. obtusa

Name[edit]

Malaxis monophyllos (L.) Sw., Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Nya Handl. 21: 234 (1800)

Synonyms[edit]

  • Basionym
    • Ophrys monophyllos L., Sp. Pl.: 947 (1753)
  • Homotypic
    • Epipactis monophylla (L.) F.W.Schmidt, Samml. Phys.-Ökon. Aufs. 1: 245 (1795)
    • Microstylis monophyllos (L.) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 19 (1830)
    • Achroanthes monophyllos (L.) Greene, Pittonia 2: 183 (1891)
  • Heterotypic
    • Malaxis diphyllos Cham., Linnaea 3: 34 (1828)
    • Dienia gmelinii Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 23 (1830)
    • Microstylis diphylla (Cham.) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 19 (1830)
    • Achroanthes cilifolia Raf., New Fl. 1: 59 (1836), nom. nud.
    • Microstylis japonica Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 2: 203 (1866)
    • Liparis japonica (Miq.) Maxim., Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg, III, 31: 102 (1887)
    • Leptorkis japonica (Miq.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 671 (1891)
    • Liparis inconspicua Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 6: 48 (1892), nom. nud.
    • Microstylis yunnanensis Schltr., Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 5: 109 (1912)
    • Achroanthes monophyllos f. diphyllos (Cham.) Koidz. ex Masam., Icon. Pl. Koisikav. 3: 27 (1916)
    • Microstylis arisanensis Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 6: 68 (1916)
    • Malaxis monophyllos f. triphyllos Soó in G.Keller & al., Monogr. Iconogr. Orchid. Eur. 2: 376 (1938)
    • Malaxis muscifera var. stelostachya Tang & F.T.Wang, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 1: 73 (1951)
    • Malaxis yunnanensis (Schltr.) Tang & F.T.Wang, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 1: 75 (1951)
    • Malaxis yunnanensis var. nematophylla Tang & F.T.Wang, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 1: 76 (1951)
    • Malaxis monophyllos f. diphyllos (Cham.) Soó, Ann. Univ. Sci. Budapest. Rolando Eötvös, Sect. Biol. 11: 73 (1969)
    • Malaxis arisanensis (Hayata) S.Y.Hu, Quart. J. Taiwan Mus. 27: 432 (1974)
    • Malaxis monophyllos var. diphyllos (Cham.) Luer, Native Orchids U.S. & Canada excluding Florida: 306 (1975)
    • Malaxis taiwaniana S.S.Ying, Quart. J. Chin. Forest. 8: 143 (1975)
    • Microstylis muscifera var. stelostachya (Tang & F.T.Wang) Marg., Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 109: 183 (2007 publ. 2008)
    • Microstylis yunnanensis var. nematophylla (Tang & F.T.Wang) Marg., Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 109: 186 (2007 publ. 2008)

References[edit]

  • Swartz, O., (1800). Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps Academiens Handlingar 21: 234
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.C. & Rasmussen, F.N. (2006) Epidendroideae (Part One). Genera Orchidacearum 4: 471 ff. Oxford University Press.
  • Govaerts, R. & al. 2012: Malaxis monophyllos in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2012 Nov. 27.
  • Emonocot.org:(2013) Malaxis monophyllos in The Orders and Families of Monocotyledons. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Aug 26.
  • Tropicos.org: (2012) Malaxis monophyllos Published on internet. Accessed: 2012 Nov. 27.
  • IPNI

Distribution[edit]

  • Asia:
    • Altay, Amur, Buryatiya, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Inner Mongolia, Irkutsk, Japan, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kuril Islands, Manchuria, Mongolia, Nepal, Philippines, Primorye, Qinghai, Sakhalin, Taiwan, Tibet, Tuva.
  • America:
    • Alaska, Alberta, Aleutian Isle, British Columbia, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Illinois, Indiana, Labrador, Maine, Manitoba, Masachusettes, Michigan, Minnesota, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New York, Newfoundland, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Prince Edward Isle, Québec, Saskatchewan, Vermont, Wisconsin, Yukon.
  • Europe:
    • Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Czechoslovakia, Finland, France, Hungary, Italy, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russia Central European, Russia East European, Russia North European, Russia Northwest European, Russia South European, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia.

Vernacular names[edit]

Deutsch: Einblättrige Weichwurz
eesti: Ainulehine sookäpp
English: White Adder's Mouth
hornjoserbsce: Kwěćikaty jednolist
italiano: Mocrostile
latviešu: Purvāju vienlape
lietuvių: Vienalapis geduti
Nederlands: Eenblad
norsk bokmål: Knottblomst
norsk nynorsk: Knottblom
polski: Wyblin jednolistny
suomi: Sääskenvalkku
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Malaxis monophyllos on Wikimedia Commons.