Chimonanthus praecox

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Chimonanthus praecox

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Laurales
Classification System: APG III (down to family level)

Main Page
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Magnoliids
Ordo: Laurales

Familia: Calycanthaceae
Genus: Chimonanthus
Species: Chimonanthus praecox

Name[edit]

Chimonanthus praecox (L.) Link (1822)

Synonyms[edit]

  • Basionym
    • Calycanthus praecox L., Sp. Pl., ed. 2. 1: 718. 1762.
  • Homotypic
    • Beureria praecox (L.) Kuntze, Fl. West Virgin. 361. 1892.
    • Butneria praecox (L.) C.K.Schneid., Dendr. Winterstud. 204, 241, f. 221i-o 204 1903.
    • Meratia praecox (L.) Rehder & E.H.Wilson in Sarg., Pl. Wilson. 1(3): 419. 1913.
  • Heterotypic
    • Calycanthus suaveolens Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 379. 1796.
    • Chimonanthus baokanensis D.M.Chen & Z.L.Dai, J. Cent. China Normal Univ., Nat. Sci. 1985(1): 67-74. 1985.
    • Chimonanthus baokanensis var. obtusus D.M.Chen & Z.L.Dai, J. Cent. China Normal Univ., Nat. Sci. 1985(1): 67-74. 1985.
    • Chimonanthus baokanensis var. porphyrotaenius D.M.Chen & Z.L.Dai, J. Cent. China Normal Univ., Nat. Sci. 1985(1): 67-74. 1985.
    • Chimonanthus baokanensis var. yupiensis D.M.Chen & Z.L.Dai, J. Cent. China Normal Univ., Nat. Sci. 1985(1): 67-74. 1985.
    • Chimonanthus caespitosus T.B.Chao, Z.X.Chen & Z.Q.Li
    • Chimonanthus fragrans (Loisel.) Lindl., Bot. Reg. 6: t. 451. 1820, nom. illeg.
    • Chimonanthus fragrans var. grandiflorus Lindl., Bot. Reg. 6: t. 451. 1820.
    • Chimonanthus grandiflorus (Lindl.) Steud., Nomencl. Bot. ed. 2, 1: 350. 1840.
    • Chimonanthus luteus (G.Don) Biel., Ann. Soc. Linn. Dép. Maine-et-Loire 9: 96. 1867.
    • Chimonanthus parviflorus Raf., Alsogr. Amer. 6. 1838.
    • Chimonanthus praecox f. albus L.Q.Chen, Lu, D.F., Chen, Z.Y., J. Chinese Landscape Architecture 6: 24-26. 1990.
    • Chimonanthus praecox f. intermedius (Makino) Okuyama, J. Jap. Bot. 30: 42. 1955.
    • Chimonanthus praecox f. luteus (G.Don) Okuyama, J. Jap. Bot. 30: 42. 1955.
    • Chimonanthus praecox f. obtusus (D.M.Chen & Z.L.Dai) L.Q.Chen, Lu, D.F., Chen, Z.Y., J. Chinese Landscape Architecture 6: 24-26. 1990.
    • Chimonanthus praecox f. porphyrotaenius (D.M.Chen & Z.L.Dai) L.Q.Chen, Lu, D.F., Chen, Z.Y., J. Chinese Landscape Architecture 6: 24-26. 1990.
    • Chimonanthus praecox f. versicolor B.Zhao, Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 27(2): 132 (fig. 2). 2007.
    • Chimonanthus praecox var. concolor Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 23: 23. 1909.
    • Chimonanthus praecox var. grandiflorus (Lindl.) Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 24: 301. 1910.
    • Chimonanthus praecox var. intermedius Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 24: 300. 1910.
    • Chimonanthus praecox var. luteus G.Don, Gen. Hist. 2: 652. 1832.
    • Chimonanthus praecox var. reflexus B.Zhao, Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 27(2): 131 (-132; fig. 1). 2007.
    • Chimonanthus verus Biel., Ann. Soc. Linn. Dép. Maine-et-Loire 9: 96. 1867.
    • Chimonanthus yunnanensis W.W.Sm., Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 8: 182. 1914.
    • Meratia fragrans Loisel., Herb. Gén. Amateur 3: t. 173. 1819.
    • Meratia praecox var. grandiflora (Lindl.) Rehder & E.H.Wilson, in Sarg., Pl. Wilson. 1: 420. 1913.
    • Meratia yunnanensis (W.W.Sm.) Hu, J. Arnold Arbor. 6: 140. 1925.

References[edit]

  • Link, J.H.F. 1822. Enumeratio Plantarum Horti Regii Berolinensis Altera'. Berlin 2: 66.
  • The Plant List 2010: Version 1. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on internet. Accessed: 2013 Feb 03.
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. [1]

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Wax ume
italiano: Calicanto d'inverno
日本語: ロウバイ
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Chimonanthus praecox on Wikimedia Commons.