Carpinus betulus

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Carpinus betulus, Rezerwat przyrody Szczekotowo, Poland
Carpinus betulus, Altlußheim, Deutschland

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Fagales
Classification System: APG III (down to family level)

Main Page
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fagales

Familia: Betulaceae
Subfamiliae: Coryloideae
Genus: Carpinus
Species: Carpinus betulus

Name[edit]

Carpinus betulus L., 1753.

Synonyms[edit]

Homotypic
  • Carpinus betulus var. typica Koehne, Deut. Dendrol.: 116. 1893, nom. inval.
  • Carpinus nervata Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyr. : 141. 1867, nom. illeg.
  • Carpinus sepium Lam., Fl. Fr., 2 : 212. 1779, nom. illeg.
  • Carpinus ulmifolia Salisb., Prodr. : 392. 1796, nom. illeg.
  • Carpinus ulmoides Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl., 2: 245. 1821, nom. illeg.
Heterotypic
  • Carpinus betulus f. columnaris (Beissn.) Späth ex Schelle, Handb. Laubh.-Ben. (Beissner & al.) 48. 1903.
  • Carpinus betulus f. cucullata H.J.P.Winkl., Pflanzenr., IV, (H.G.A.Engler) 61: 31 (1904).
  • Carpinus betulus f. fastigiata (G.Nicholson) Schelle, Handb. Laubh.-Ben. (Beissner & al.) 48. 1903.
  • Carpinus betulus f. horizontalis Simon-Louis, Preisverw., Herbst 1902-1903. 1902.
  • Carpinus betulus f. incisa Aiton, Hort. Kew., 3: 362. 1789, as "β".
  • Carpinus betulus f. obtusifolia Petz. & G.Kirchn., Arbor. Muscav. (E.A.Petzold & G.Kirchner) 667. 1864.
  • Carpinus betulus f. (var.?) pendula (H.Massé) Petz. & G.Kirchn., Arbor. Muscav. (E.A.Petzold & G.Kirchner) 667. 1864.
  • Carpinus betulus f. purpurea Dippel, Handb. Laubholzk. 2: 140. 1891.
  • Carpinus betulus f. pyramidalis Dippel, Handb. Laubholzk. 2: 140. 1891.
  • Carpinus betulus f. pyramidalis (Möhl) H.J.P.Winkl., Pflanzenr. IV/61 (H.G.A.Engler), 19: 31. 1904.
  • Carpinus betulus f. quercifolia Desf., Tabl. École Bot. 213. 1804.
  • Carpinus betulus f. variegata Dippel, Handb. Laubholzk. 2: 140. 1891.
  • Carpinus betulus subsp. carpinizza (Kil.) O.Schwarz, Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges., n.s., 1 (1) : 96. 1949.
  • Carpinus betulus subsp. serrata (Beck) O.Schwarz, Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 1: 96. 1949.
  • Carpinus betulus var. carpinizza (Kil.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 663. 1881.
  • Carpinus betulus var. carpinizza f. incisa (Aiton) Schneider, Ill. Handb. Laubh., 1: 140,fig. 76d. 1904.
  • Carpinus betulus var. columnaris Beissner, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 1899: 133. 1899.
  • Carpinus betulus var. fastigiata G.Nicholson, Garden, 24: 419. 1883.
  • Carpinus betulus var. provincialis Gay ex Gren. & Godr., Fl. France 3: 121. 1855.
  • Carpinus betulus var. pyramidalis Möhl, Gartenfl., 39: 51. 1890.
  • Carpinus betulus var. quercifolia (Desf.) Tzvelev, Fl. Vostochnoĭ Evropy 11: 91. 2004.
  • Carpinus betulus var. serrata Beck, Fl. Nieder-Österreich: 266. 1890.
  • Carpinus carpinizza Kil., Fl. Austr. (Host) 2 : 626. 1831.
  • Carpinus caucasica Grossh., Izv. Azerbajdzansk. Fil., 1940 (5) : 34. 1940.
  • Carpinus compressus Gilib., Exerc. Phyt. ii. 399. 1792, opus utique oppr.
  • Carpinus incisa (Aiton) Borkh., 1803.
  • Carpinus intermedia Wierzb. ex Rchb., Ic. Fl. Germ. 12: 4. t. 633. 1850.
  • Carpinus quercifolia Desf. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot. (Steudel), ed. 2. 1: 300. 1840.
  • Carpinus quercifolia Colla, Herb. Pedem. 5: 176. 1836, pro syn., nom illeg. & superfl.
  • Carpinus vulgaris Mill., Gard. Dict., ed. 8 : n° 1. 1768.

References[edit]

  • Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum 2: 998.
  • Govaerts, R. & al. 2006. World Checklist of selected plant families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens. 2010 Apr 06 [1]
  • USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Carpinus betulus in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), US Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed on 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names[edit]

беларуская: Граб звычайны
български: Обикновен габър
čeština: Habr obecný
dansk: Almindelig Avnbøg
Deutsch: Hainbuche
eesti: Harilik valgepöök
English: European Hornbeam
español: Carpe blanco
Esperanto: Eŭropa karpeno
français: Charme commun
hornjoserbsce: Wšědny hrab
hrvatski: Obični grab
italiano: Carpino bianco
Lëtzebuergesch: Hobich
lietuvių: Paprastasis skroblas
magyar: Közönséges gyertyán
македонски: Обичен габер
Nederlands: Haagbeuk
norsk bokmål: Agnbøk
norsk nynorsk: Agnbøk
polski: Grab pospolity
română: Carpen
русский: Граб обыкновенный
shqip: Shkoza e bardhë
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Obični grab
suomi: Euroopanvalkopyökki, valkopyökki
svenska: Avenbok
Türkçe: Adi gürgen
українська: Граб звичайний
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