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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Phylum: Porifera
Classis: Calcarea
Subclasses: Calcaronea - Calcinea

Alternative names[edit]


  • Burton, M. : A revision of the classification of the calcareous sponges. With a catalogue of the specimens in the British Museum (Natural History).
  • Dohrmann, M.; Voigt, O.; Erpenbeck, D.; Wörheide, G. 2006: Non-monophyly of most supraspecific taxa of calcareous sponges (Porifera, Calcarea) revealed by increased taxon sampling and partitioned Bayesian analysis of ribosomal DNA. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution, 40: 830-843. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2006.04.016
  • Hooper, J.N.A.; Soest, R.W.M., van (eds.) 2002: Systema Porifera. Guide to the supraspecific classification of sponges and spongiomorphs (Porifera). New York: Plenum.
  • Leys, S.P.; Eerkes-Medrano, D. 2005: Gastrulation in calcareous sponges: in search of Haeckel’s Gastraea. Integrative & comparative biology, 45: 342–351. doi: 10.1093/icb/45.2.342 PDF
  • Manuel, M. et al. 2003: Phylogeny and Evolution of Calcareous Sponges: Monophyly of Calcinea and Calcaronea, High Level of Morphological Homoplasy, and the Primitive Nature of Axial Symmetry. Systematic biology, 52: 311–333. doi: 10.1080/10635150390196966


Vernacular names[edit]

català: Esponja calcària
čeština: Vápenatí
Deutsch: Kalkschwämme
Ελληνικά: Ασβεστόσπογγοι
English: calcareous sponges
français: Éponges calcaires, calcisponges
italiano: Calcispongie
magyar: Mészszivacsok
македонски: Варовнички сунѓери
polski: Gąbki wapienne
suomi: Kalkkisienet
svenska: Kalksvampar
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Calcarea on Wikimedia Commons.