Anacamptis pyramidalis

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Anacamptis pyramidalis

Taxonavigation

Taxonavigation: Asparagales
Classification System: APG III (down to family level)

Main Page
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Orchidoideae
Tribus: Orchideae
Subtribus: Orchidinae
Genus: Anacamptis
Species: Anacamptis pyramidalis

Name

Anacamptis pyramidalis (L.) Rich., De Orchid. Eur.: 33 (1817)

Synonyms

  • Basionym
    • Orchis pyramidalis L., Sp. Pl.: 940 (1753)
  • Homotypic
    • Aceras pyramidale (L.) Rchb.f. in H.G.L.Reichenbach, Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: 6 (1850)
  • Heterotypic
    • Orchis bicornis Gilib., Exerc. Phyt. 2: 473 (1792), opus utique oppr.
    • Orchis condensata Desf., Fl. Atlant. 2: 316 (1799)
    • Orchis appendiculata Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 4: 291 (1812)
    • Anacamptis pyramidalis var. albiflora Fors.-Major, Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 3: 33 (1817)
    • Orchis brachystachys d'Urv., Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 377 (1822)
    • Anacamptis durandii Bréb., Fl. Normandie: 258 (1835)
    • Orchis cylindrica K.Koch, Linnaea 19: 12 (1846)
    • Anacamptis condensata K.Koch, Linnaea 22: 285 (1849), pro syn.
    • Aceras pyramidalis var. brachystachys (d'Urv.) Rchb.f. in H.G.L.Reichenbach, Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: 7 (1850)
    • Aceras pyramidalis lusus albiflora Raulin, Actes Soc. Linn. Bordeaux 24: 862 (1869)
    • Anacamptis pyramidalis f. angistiloba Bréb., Fl. Normandie, ed. 5: 392 (1879)
    • Anacamptis pyramidalis var. brachystachys (d'Urv.) Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 57 (1884)
    • Anacamptis brachystachys (d'Urv.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2: 292 (1890)
    • Anacamptis pyramidalis subsp. brachystachys (d'Urv.) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 277 (1890)
    • Anacamptis pyramidalis subsp. durandii (Bréb.) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 277 (1890)
    • Anacamptis pyramidalis var. tanayensis Chenevard, Bull. Trav. Soc. Bot. Genève 8: 73 (1897)
    • Anacamptis pyramidalis subsp. algarbiensis Gand., Nov. Consp. Fl. Eur.: 463 (1910)
    • Anacamptis urvilleana Sommier & Caruana, Boll. Reale Orto Bot. Palermo, n.s., 1: 273 (1915)
    • Anacamptis pyramidalis f. albiflora Borg, Descr. Fl. Malt. Isl.: 72 (1927), nom. illeg.
    • Anacamptis pyramidalis lusus albiflora (Fors.-Major) Soó, Bot. Arch. 23: 92 (1928)
    • Anacamptis pyramidalis f. tanayensis (Chenevard) Soó, Arch. Bot. (Leipzig) 23: 92 (1928)
    • Orchis pyramidalis var. sanguinea Druce, Bot. Soc. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 8: 539 (1929)
    • Anacamptis pyramidalis subsp. condensata (Desf.) H.Lindb., Itin. Medit.: 32 (1932)
    • Anacamptis pyramidalis f. longispica Andr., Index Hort. Budapest: 110 (1934)
    • Anacamptis pyramidalis f. apiculata Maire & Weiller, in Fl. Afr. Nord 6: 340 (1959 publ. 1960)
    • Anacamptis pyramidalis f. condensata (Desf.) Maire & Weiller, in Fl. Afr. Nord 6: 340 (1959 publ. 1960)
    • Anacamptis pyramidalis subsp. urvilleana (Sommier & Caruana) Landwehr, Wilde Orchid. Eur. 2: 342 (1977)
    • Anacamptis pyramidalis subsp. tanayensis (Chenevard) Quentin, Cah. Soc. Franç. Orchidophilie 1: 33 (1993)
    • Anacamptis pyramidalis f. sanguinea (Druce) P.D.Sell in P.D.Sell & G.Murrell, Fl. Great Britain Ireland 5: 364 (1997)
    • Anacamptis pyramidalis var. nivea P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 81: 396 (2000)
    • Anacamptis pyramidalis var. sanguinea (Druce) Kreutz, J. Eur. Orch. 35: 767 (2003)
    • Anacamptis pyramidalis var. urvilleana (Sommier & Caruana) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid.: 30 (2004)
    • Anacamptis pyramidalis f. nivea (P.Delforge) O.Gruss & M.Wolff, Orchid. Atlas: 34 (2007)
    • Anacamptis pyramidalis subsp. serotina Presser, J. Eur. Orch. 39: 87 (2007)
    • Anacamptis pyramidalis f. serotina (Presser) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 88: 245 (2007)
    • Anacamptis pyramidalis f. fumeauxiana Marg. & Kowalk., Richardiana 8: 3 (2008), no clear type indication.
    • Anacamptis pyramidalis var. condensata (Desf.) Dobignard, J. Bot. Soc. Bot. France 46-47: 124 (2009)

References

  • Richard, L.C.M. (1817) De Orchideis Europaeis Annotationes 33. Preprint from Richard, L.C.M. (1818) Mémoires du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle 4: 55.
  • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2005) Flora Iberica 21: 1-366. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006) Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Kretzschmar, H. ,Eccarius, W. & Dietrich, H. (2007) The Orchid Genera Anacamptis, Orchis and Neotinea. Phylogeny, taxonomy, morphology, biology, distribution, ecology and hybridisation , ed. 2: 1-544. EchinoMedia verlag, Bürgel.
  • Curtis, T. & Thompson, R. (2009) The orchids of Ireland: 1-160. National Museums of Northern Ireland, Cultra, Holywood.
  • Dogignard, A. (2009) Contributions à la connaissance de la flore du Maroc et de l'Afrique du Nord. Nouvelle série. 2. La flore du Nord-Maroc. Journal de Botanique Société de Botanique de France 46-47: 1-136.
  • G.I.R.O.S. (2009) Orchidee d'Italia: 1-303. Il Castello srl, Italy.
  • Vázquez Pardo, F.M. (2009) Revisión de la familia Orchidaceae en Extremadura (España). Folia Botanica Extremadurensis 3: 1-367.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010) Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Hassler, M. (2012) Flora of Rhodes. Systematic list of flora of Rhodes. Accessed 10 July 2013.
  • Govaerts, R. & al. 2011: Anacamptis pyramidalis in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2011 Dec. 23.
  • Emonocot.org:(2013) Anacamptis pyramidalis in The Orders and Families of Monocotyledons. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 July 10.
  • Tropicos.org: (2012) Anacamptis pyramidalis Published on internet. Accessed: 2012 Jan. 3.
  • International Plant Names Index 2012: Anacamptis pyramidalis . Published on the Internet. Accessed Jan. 4 2012.
  • The Plant List (2014) Anacamptis pyramidalis in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 Apr. 22.

Native distribution

Vernacular names

azərbaycanca: Piramidvari bağ səhləbi
català: Barretet piramidal
čeština: Rudohlávek jehlancovitý
dansk: Horndrager
Deutsch: Pyramiden-Hundswurz
eesti: Püramiid-koerakäpp
English: Pyramidal orchid
español: Orquídea piramidal
français: Orchis pyramidal
hornjoserbsce: Pyramidowa wótromudka
italiano: Orchidea piramidale
עברית: בן-סחלב צריפי
Nederlands: Hondskruid
polski: Koślaczek stożkowaty
português: Satirião-menor
русский: Анакамптис пирамидальный
slovenščina: Piramidasti pilovec
suomi: Kartiokalkkikämmekkä, pyramidikämmekkä, kartiosaalepjuuri
svenska: Salepsrot
українська: Анакамптис пірамідальний
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