Viola arvensis

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Viola arvensis

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Malpighiales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Malpighiales

Familia: Violaceae
Genus: Viola
Subgenus: V. subg. Melanium
Sectio: V. sect. Noverculae
Species: Viola arvensis
Subspecies: V. a. subsp. arvensis – V. a. subsp. megalantha

Name[edit]

Viola arvensis Murray, Prod. Stirp. Gott.: 73 (1770).

Synonyms[edit]

  • Homotypic
    • Viola tricolor var. arvensis (Murray) Pio, Viola: 30 (1813).
    • Viola tricolor var. arvensis (Murray) DC., Prodr. 1: 303 1824, comb. superfl.
    • Viola tricolor subsp. arvensis (Murray) Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 2: 210 (1828).
    • Viola tricolor [unranked] arvensis (Murray) Brügger, Naturg. Beitr. Chur 91 (1874).
    • Mnemion arvense (Murray) Nieuwl., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 3: 217 (1914).


Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Northern Europe
      • Denmark, Finland, Great Britain, Iceland, Ireland (introduced), Norway, Sweden.
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland.
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • Corse, France, Portugal, Sardegna, Spain.
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Romania, Sicilia, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia.
    • Regional: Eastern Europe
      • Belarus, Baltic States, Krym, Central European Russia, East European Russia, North European Russia, South European Russia, Northwest European Russia, Ukraine.
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia.
    • Regional: Macaronesia
      • Canary Islands, Madeira (introduced).
    • Regional: Southern Africa
      • Cape Provinces (introduced).
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Siberia
      • Altay, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, West Siberia.
    • Regional: Russian Far East
      • Kamchatka, Primorye, Sakhalin (introduced).
    • Regional: Middle Asia
      • Kazakhstan.
    • Regional: Caucasus
      • North Caucasus, Transcaucasus.
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • Iran, Turkey.
    • Regional: China
      • Manchuria (introduced).
    • Regional: Mongolia
      • Mongolia.
    • Regional: Eastern Asia
      • Korea, Taiwan (introduced).
  • Continental: Australasia (introduced)
    • Regional: Australia
      • New South Wales, Tasmania, Victoria.
    • Regional: New Zealand
      • New Zealand North.
  • Continental: Northern America (introduced)
    • Regional: Subarctic America
      • Greenland.
    • Regional: Western Canada
      • Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan.
    • Regional: Eastern Canada
      • New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Québec.
    • Regional: Northwestern U.S.A.
      • Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington.
    • Regional: North-Central U.S.A.
      • Illinois, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Wisconsin.
    • Regional: Northeastern U.S.A.
      • Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia.
    • Regional: Southwestern U.S.A.
      • California, Utah.
    • Regional: Southeastern U.S.A.
      • Alabama, Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, District of Columbia.
  • Continental: Southern America (introduced)
    • Regional: Western South America
      • Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador.
    • Regional: Southern South America
      • Argentina Northeast, Argentina South, Argentina Northwest, Chile Central, Chile South.
  • Continental: Antarctic (introduced)
    • Regional: Subantarctic Islands
      • Falkland Islands.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

беларуская: Фіялка палявая
čeština: Violka rolní
dansk: Ager-Stedmoderblomst
Deutsch: Acker-Stiefmütterchen
English: Field Pansy
eesti: Põldkannike
suomi: Pelto-orvokki
français: Pensée des champs
Frysk: Miedesweltsje
Gàidhlig: Luibh Cridhe
magyar: Mezei árvácska
lietuvių: Dirvinė našlaitė
Nederlands: Akkerviooltje
polski: Fiołek polny
português: Violeta-dos-campos
русский: Фиалка полевая
davvisámegiella: Bealdoviola
slovenčina: Fialka roľná
svenska: Åkerviol
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Viola arvensis on Wikimedia Commons.