Umbilicaria muehlenbergii

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Umbilicaria muehlenbergii.

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Umbilicariales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Lecanoromycetes
Subclassis: Umbilicariomycetidae
Ordo: Umbilicariales

Familia: Umbilicariaceae
Genus: Umbilicaria
Species: Umbilicaria muehlenbergii

Name[edit]

Umbilicaria muehlenbergii (Ach.) Tuck. [as 'muhlenbergii' ], Enum. N. Amer. Lich.: 55 (1845)   [Mycobank #408134] ([Mycobank #533837], as 'muhlenbergii' )

Substrate and ecology: On siliceous rocks in the boreal areas
World distribution: Northern Hemisphere in North America and Asia but absent from western Europe

Basionym[edit]

  • Gyrophora muehlenbergii Ach. [as 'mühlenbergii' ], Lich. Univ.: 227 (1810)   [Mycobank #386573]

Homotypic synonyms[edit]

  • Lichen leiocarpus * [=var.] muehlenbergii (Ach.) Lam. [as ' * Gyrophora mühlenbergii' ], Encycl. Method. Bot. Suppl. 3: 424 (1814) ['1813']
  • Lecidea muehlenbergii (Ach.) Spreng. [as 'mühlenbergii' ], Linn. Syst. Veg., ed.16, 4 (1): 262 (1827)   [Mycobank #391543]
  • Actinogyra muehlenbergii (Ach.) Schol. [as 'mühlenbergii' ], Nytt Mag. Natur. 75: 28 (1936)   [Mycobank #410196]

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

  • Lamarck, J.-B. (1814) ['1813']   Encyclopédie Méthodique. Botanique. Supplement. 3: 1 - 780.   (Website)
  • Scholander, P.F. (1934)   On the Apothecia in the Lichen Family Umbilicariaceae. - Nytt Magasin for Naturvidenskapene 75: 1 - 31. [Mattick Rec.# 29885 - Recent Literature on Lichens] (PDF file)
  • Sprengel, K.P.J. (1827)   Caroli Linnaei, equitis stellae polaris, archiatri regii, prof. med. et rei herb. in Univers. Upsal., Systema Vegetabilium., ed.16, 4 (1): 1 - 592.   [Mattick Rec.# 33166 - Recent Literature on Lichens] (Website)
  • Tuckerman, E. (1845)   An enumeration of North American lichens, with a preliminary view of the structure and general history of these plants, and of the Friesian system: to which is prefixed an essay on the natural systems of Oken, Fries, and Endlicher.: 1 - 59.   [Mattick Rec.# 30329 - Recent Literature on Lichens] (Website)

Selected references[edit]

  • Brodo, I.M.; Sharnoff, S.D. and Sharnoff, S. (2001) Umbilicaria (pp. 696-709) In, Lichens of North America. Yale University Press, New Haven, 795 pages. (Discussion of Umbilicaria muehlenbergii: pp. 704-705; distribution map for North America: p. 704; color photo: p. 705, plate 866)
  • Flenniken, D. (1999) Umbilicaria Hoffm. (pp. 205-207) In The Macrolichens In West Virginia, 231 pages, 26 plates. (Published by D. Flenniken, 2273 Blachleyville Rd, Wooster, Ohio 44691)   **[RLL List # 175 / Rec.# 5723] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (Discussion of Umbilicaria muehlenbergii: pp. 206-207; color photo: Plate 23, I)
  • Hestmark, G. (2004) Umbilicaria (pp. 548-556) In: Nash III, T.H.; Ryan, B.D.; Diederich, P.; Gries, C. and Bungartz, F. (eds.), Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region, Vol. 2. Lichens Unlimited, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, 742 pages.   **[RLL List # 196 / Rec.# 25973] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (Discussion of Umbilicaria mühlenbergii and distribution map for the Sonoran region: p. 553)
  • Hinds, J.W. and Hinds, P.L. (2007) Umbilicaria Hoffm., 1789 (pp. 477-487) In, The Macrolichens of New England. - Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden No. 96. New York Botanical Garden Press, Bronx, New York. 584 pp.   **[RLL List # 210 / Rec.# 30032] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (Discussion of Umbilicaria muehlenbergii: pp. 483-484; color photo: p. 484, fig. 315)
  • Thomson, J.W. (2003) Umbilicaria Hoffm. (pp. 234-235) In, Lichens of Wisconsin. Wisconsin State Herbarium, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 386 pages.   **[RLL List # 190 / Rec.# 24161] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (Discussion of Umbilicaria muehlenbergii: p. 235)

Links[edit]

Links to photos[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Plated rock tripe lichen,   Muehlenberg's navel lichen
日本語: オオウラヒダイワタケ