Trimeresurus sumatranus

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Trimeresurus sumatranus

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Viperoidea 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Serpentes
Infraordo: Caenophidia
Superfamilia: Viperoidea

Familia: Viperidae
Subfamilia: Crotalinae
Genus: Trimeresurus
Species: Trimeresurus sumatranus

Name[edit]

  • Trimeresurus sumatranus (Raffles, 1822)

Holotype: unlocated. [lost fide McDiarmid et al. (1999: 345)]

Neotype: ZFMK 76340, adult ♀, deposited by Andreas Gumprecht. [designated by Vogel, David & Sidik (2014: 6)]

Type locality: “Bencoolen”, redesignated by neotype designation to “Southwestern Sumatra” by Vogel, David & Sidik (2014: 6).

Combinations[edit]

  • Coluber sumatranus Raffles, 1822: 334 [original combination]
  • Trimesurus sumatranusGray, 1842: 48 [subsequent combination]
  • Trigonocephalus sumatranusCantor, 1847: 1042 [subsequent combination]
  • Bothrops sumatranusLidth de Jeude, 1886: 52 [subsequent combination]
  • Lachesis sumatranusBoulenger, 1896: 557 [subsequent combination]
  • Trimeresurus sumatranusStejneger, 1922 [subsequent combination]
  • Parias sumatranusMalhotra & Thorpe, 2004: 87 [subsequent combination]
  • Trimeresurus (Parias) sumatranusDavid et al., 2011: 42 [subsequent combination]

Synonyms[edit]

  • Trigonocephalus formosus Müller & Schlegel, 1842: pl. 7 [synonymized by Lidth de Jeude (1886: 51]

Holotype: RMNH 1583, adult ♂, deposited by S. Müller on 1835.

Type locality: “Aan de westkust van het eiland Sumatra, in de omstreken van het dorp Limomanis, eenige uren beoosten Padang… [=on the west coast of Sumatra Island, in the vicinity of Limomanis, a few hours east of Padang]”, now near Limau Manis, Province of Sumatera Barat, Sumatra, Indonesia.

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Sumatra Pitviper