Trifolium pratense

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Trifolium pratense
Trifolium pratense

Taxonavigation[правіць]

Taxonavigation: Fabales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Trifolieae
Genus: Trifolium
Subgenus: T. subg. Trifolium
Sectio: T. sect. Trifolium

Species: Trifolium pratense
Varietates: T. p. var. americanum – T. p. var. maritimum – T. p. var. pratense – T. p. var. perenne – T. p. var. sativum – T. p. var. villosum

Name[правіць]

Trifolium pratense L., Sp. Pl. 2: 768 (1753).


Synonyms[правіць]

  • Homotypic
    • Lagopus pratensis (L.) Bernh., Syst. Verz. Erf. 230 (1800)
    • Triphylloides pratensis (L.) Moench, Methodus: 510 (1794).
  • Heterotypic
    • Trifolium borysthenicum Gruner, Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 41, 2: 140 (1869)
    • Trifolium brachystylum Knaf, Lotos, 4: 237 (1854)
    • Trifolium pratense var. foliosum C.J.Brand, Bull. Bur. Pl. Industr. U.S.D.A. 95: 41, pl. 2, fig. 2 (1906).
      • Trifolium foliosum (C.J.Brand) Miniaev in Schischkin, Fl. Leningr. Obl. 3: 94 (1961)
    • Trifolium fontanum Bobrov, Sovetsk. Bot. 1: 36 (1940), nom. inval. rossice,
    • Trifolium fontanum Bobrov in Komarov, Fl. URSS 11: 251, 391 (1945).
    • Trifolium glareosum Dum.Cours., Fl. Belg. 100 (1827), non Schleich. (1821)
    • Trifolium heterophyllum Lej., Rev. Fl. Spa: 158 (1824)
      • Trifolium pratense var. heterophyllum (Lej.) Rouy, Fl. Fr. 5: 120 (1899)
    • Trifolium lenkoranicum (Grossh.) Roskov, Bot. Zhurn. 75(5): 719 (1990)
    • Trifolium microphyllum Desv., Journ. Bot. 2: 316 (1809)
      • Trifolium pratense var. microphyllum (Desv.) Rouy, Fl. Fr. 5: 120 (1899)
    • Trifolium pratense f. velenovskyana Kožuharov, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya 6: 558 (1976)
    • Trifolium pratense var. rotundifolium Lej. & Courtois, Comp. Fl. Belg. 3: 53 (1836)
    • Trifolium pratense subvar. rotundifolium (Lej. & Courtois) C.Vicioso, Anal. Inst. Bot. Cavanilles, 11(2): 315 (1954)
    • Trifolium pratense subvar. spontaneum (Willk.) C.Vicioso, Anal. Inst. Bot. Cavanilles, 11(2): 313 (1954)
    • Trifolium pratense var. anatolicum Freyn, Bull. Herb. Boiss. 3: 177 (1895)
    • Trifolium pratense var. collinum Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 39: 302 (1889)
    • Trifolium pratense var. evariegatum M.Y.Liu & F.C.Wang, J. Wuhan Bot. Res. 7(4): 324 (1989)
    • Trifolium pratense var. hirsutum Boiss., Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 170 (1840)
    • Trifolium pratense var. lenkoranicum Grossh.
    • Trifolium pratense var. mesatlanticum H.Lindb., Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. Nov., Ser. B 1(2): 90 (1932).
    • Trifolium pratense var. pilosum Heuff., Abh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien, 8: 88 (1838)
    • Trifolium pratense var. sericeum Nègre, Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 40: 278 (1960)
    • Trifolium pratense var. silvestre Ducommun, Taschaub.: 169 (1869)
    • Trifolium pratense var. spontaneum Willk., Führer: 535 (1863)
    • Trifolium pratense var. stojanovii Kožuharov, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 6: 558 (1976)
    • Trifolium pratense var. sylvestre Ducommun, (1869)
    • Trifolium pratense var. variegatum M.Y.Liu & F.C.Wang, J. Wuhan Bot. Res. 7(4): 324 (1989)
    • Trifolium purpureum Gilib., Fl. Lituan. 2: 86 (1782)
    • Trifolium ucrainicum Opperman ex Wissjul., Fl. RSS Ucr. 6: 588 (1954).
    • Trifolium vaginatum Schleich., Cat. Pl. Helv. 51 (1821).
    • Trifolium villosum Ten., Syll. Fl. Neap. 373 (1831).


Distribution[правіць]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Northern Europe
      • Denmark, Finland, Føroyar, Great Britain, Iceland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • Corse, France, Portugal, Sardegna, Spain
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Romania, Sicilia, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia
    • Regional: Eastern Europe
      • Belarus, Baltic States, Krym, Central European Russia, East European Russia, North European Russia, South European Russia, Northwest European Russia, Ukraine
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia
    • Regional: Macaronesia
      • Azores, Canary Islands, Madeira
    • Regional: Northeast Tropical Africa
      • Eritrea, Ethiopia
    • Regional: Southern Africa
      • Cape Provinces, KwaZulu-Natal, Northern Provinces
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Siberia
      • Altay, Buryatiya, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, West Siberia, Yakutiya
    • Regional: Russian Far East
      • Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Islands, Magadan, Primorye, Sakhalin
    • Regional: Middle Asia
      • Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Turkmenistan, Tadzhikistan, Uzbekistan
    • Regional: Caucasus
      • North Caucasus, Transcaucasus
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Turkey,
    • Regional: China
      • China South-Central, Manchuria, China North-Central, China Southeast, Xinjiang
    • Regional: Mongolia
      • Mongolia
    • Regional: Eastern Asia
      • Japan, Korea, Nansei-shoto, Taiwan
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • East Himalaya, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, West Himalaya,
    • Regional: Malesia
      • Jawa,
  • Continental: Australasia
    • Regional: Australia
      • New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia
    • Regional: New Zealand
      • Antipodean Islands, Chatham Islands, Kermadec Islands, New Zealand North, New Zealand South
  • Continental: Northern America
    • Regional: Subarctic America
      • Aleutian Islands
    • Regional: Northwestern U.S.A.
      • Colorado
    • Regional: North-Central U.S.A.
      • Illinois
    • Regional: Northeastern U.S.A.
      • New York, Vermont.
    • Regional: South-Central U.S.A.
      • New Mexico
    • Regional: Southeastern U.S.A.
      • Alabama, Kentucky, Tennessee
    • Regional: Mexico
      • Mexico Southwest
  • Continental: Southern America
    • Regional: Central America
      • Costa Rica, Guatemala
    • Regional: Caribbean
      • Bahamas, Bermuda, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico
    • Regional: Northern South America
      • Venezuela
    • Regional: Western South America
      • Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • Regional: Brazil
      • Brazil South
    • Regional: Southern South America
      • Argentina Northeast, Argentina South, Chile Central, Chile South, Uruguay
  • Continental: Antarctic
    • Regional: Subantarctic Islands
      • Falkland Islands,

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[правіць]

Primary references[правіць]

Additional references[правіць]

Links[правіць]

Vernacular names[правіць]

العربية: نفل المروج, نفل احمر, نفل أحمر
azərbaycanca: Çəmənlik üçyarpaq yoncası
башҡортса: Туҡранбаш
беларуская: Канюшына лугавая
български: Червена детелина
català: Trèvol de prat, Trèvol vermell, Trèvol comú
kaszëbsczi: Czerwionô kòniczëna
čeština: jetel luční
Cymraeg: Meillionen goch, Meillion coch
dansk: Rød-Kløver, Rød Kløver, Rødkløver
Deutsch: Wiesen-Klee
English: Red clover
Esperanto: Ruĝa trifolio
español: trébol rojo, trébol violeta, berrillo, caramelos, carretón, chupador, chupamieles, chupetes, chupetitos, chupones, chupón, farucha, farusa, hierba de las cataratas, hirusta gorria, hoja la nube, mamatetas, media luna, melga, meliguel, meriguel, motas encarnadas, quínola, teble, tefla, trebalejo, trebo, trebo silvestre, trébol, trebulo, tres en rama, trevo , trevol, trifolio, trábol de la media luna, trébol, trébol arvense, trébol común, trébol de la luna, trébol de la media luna, trébol de los prados, trébol de los prados colorado, trébol de media luna, trébol de prado, trébol de prados, trébol de prados de flores encarnadas, trébol de prados purpúreas, trébol del príncipe, trébol enano, trébol encarnado, trébol ladino, trébol pratense, trébol pratense que hace las flores purpúreas, trébol productivo, trébol rojo de los prados, trébol silvestre, trébol sopaenvino, trébol sopavino, trébole, trébul, yerba chupelera
eesti: Aasristik, Punane ristikhein, Punane ristik
euskara: Hirusta gorri
فارسی: شبدر قرمز
suomi: Puna-apila
français: Trèfle des prés, Trèfle violet, Trefle des pres
galego: Trevo rubio
hornjoserbsce: Čerwjeny dźećel
magyar: Réti here
íslenska: Rauðsmári
日本語: ムラサキツメクサ (紫詰草), ムラサキツメグサ, アカツメグサ, アカツメクサ
ქართული: წითელი სამყურა
한국어: 붉은토끼풀
lietuvių: Raudonasis dobilas
latviešu: Pļavas āboliņš
эрзянь: Вараканьбал
norsk bokmål: Rødkløver, Rød kløver, Sukkertopp
Nederlands: Rode klaver
norsk nynorsk: Raudkløver
norsk: Rødkløver
polski: Koniczyna łąkowa, Koniczyna czerwona
português: trevo vermelho
русский: Клевер луговой
slovenčina: Ďatelina lúčna
slovenščina: Črna detelja
српски / srpski: Црвена детелина
svenska: Rödklöver
Türkçe: Çayır üçgülü
українська: Конюшина лучна
vèneto: strafòjo
中文: 紅菽草
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Trifolium pratense on Wikimedia Commons. (en)