Trema orientalis

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Trema orientalis

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Rosales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Rosales

Familia: Cannabaceae
Genus: Trema
Species: Trema orientalis

Name[edit]

Trema orientalis (L.) Blume, 1856

Synonyms[edit]

  • Celtis glomerata Hochst.
  • Celtis guineensis Schumach.
  • Celtis madagascariensis Bojer
  • Celtis orientalis L.
  • Celtis rigida Bl.
  • Sponia affinis Planch.
  • Sponia africana Planch.
  • Sponia andaresa Comm. ex Lam.
  • Sponia argentea Planch.
  • Sponia burmannii (Bl.) Planch.
  • Sponia commersonii Decne. ex Planch.
  • Sponia guineensis Planch.
  • Sponia nitens Hook. fil. ex Planch.
  • Sponia orientalis (L.) Decne.
  • Sponia orientalis var. affinis (Planch.) Baker
  • Sponia orientalis var. commersonii (Planch.) Baker
  • Sponia rigida (Bl.) Decne.
  • Sponia scaberrima (Bl.) Miq.
  • Sponia strigosa Planch.
  • Sponia wightii Planch.
  • Trema affinis (Planch.) Bl.
  • Trema africana (Planch.) Bl.
  • Trema argentea (Planch.) Bl.
  • Trema burmannii Bl.
  • Trema commersonii (Planch.) Bl.
  • Trema grevei Baill.
  • Trema grisea Baker
  • Trema guineense (Schumach. & Thonn.) Ficalho
  • Trema nitens Bl.
  • Trema orientalis var. argentea (BI.) Lauterb.
  • Trema orientalis var. rigida Lauterb.
  • Trema rigida Bl.
  • Trema scaberrima Bl.
  • Trema sieberi Bl.
  • Trema strigosa (Planch.) Bl.
  • Trema wightii (Planch.) Bl.

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Africa
      • South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.), Swaziland, Senegal, Gambia, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Mali, Burkina Faso, Benin, Togo, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Central African Republic, Bioko Isl. (Fernando Poo), Annobon Isl., Sao Tome, Principe Isl., Gabon, Congo (Brazzaville), Equatorial Guinea, D.R. Congo (Zaire), Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Angola, Caprivi Strip, Namibia, La Runion, Mauritius, Madagascar, Comoros (Mayotte, etc.)
  • Continental: Australasia
      • Australia (N-Northern Territory, Queensland: Cape York to Bundaberg)
  • Continental: Asie
      • Java, peninsular Malaysia (Main Range and near Kuala Lumpur), Sri Lanka, India, W-Himalayas, Nepal, Myanmar [Burma] (Bago, Chin, Sagaing, Taninthayi, Yangon), Thailand, Laos, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Lesser Sunda Isl., Vietnam, Andamans (South Andamans), Bangladesh , Saudi Arabia (Asir), Oman (Dhofar), N-Yemen, China (Fujian, SW-Guangdong, W-Guangxi, SW-Guizhou, Hainan, Sichuan, Yunnan), Taiwan, Tibet, Japan (Yakushima Isl., Tanegashima Isl.), Ryukyu Isl.
  • Continental: Pacific
      • Moluccas, New Guinea, Bismarck Arch. (New Britain), Nicobars (Central Nicobars, Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.), Solomons, American Samoa (Tutuila, Ofu, Ta'u), Bonin Isl. (Chichijima, Keetaajima, Nakohdojima, Anijima, Otohtojima, Nishino-shima, Hahajima, Mukhojima, Imohtojima), Volcano Isl. (Kita-Iwojima, Iwojima, Minami-Iwojima), Gilbert Isl., Marshall Isl. (Eniwetok), Northern Marianas (Maug, Asuncion, Agrihan, Pagan, Alamagan, Guguan, Sarigan, Anatahan), Palau Isl. (Babeldaob, Koror, Ngarakabesang), Southern Marianas (Saipan, Tinian, Rota, Guam), Wake Isl.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

Afrikaans: Hophout
azərbaycanca: Şərq treması
English: Pigeon Wood, Tree Peach, charcoal-tree, Indian charcoal-tree, gunpowder tree
Kinyarwanda: Umugwamporo
中文: 異色山黃麻
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Trema orientalis on Wikimedia Commons.