Tirumala

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Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Papilionoidea 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Cladus: Coelolepida
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Divisio: Eulepidoptera
Sectio: Ditrysia
Subsectio: Apoditrysia
Clade: Obtectomera
Superfamilia: Papilionoidea

Familia: Nymphalidae
Subfamilia: Danainae
Tribus: Danaini
Subtribus: Danaina
Genus: Tirumala
Species: T. hamata – T. ishmoides – T. limniace – T. septentrionis – T. tumanana

Name[edit]

Tirumala Moore, 1881.

Type Species: Papilio limniace Cramer, [1775], by original designation.

References[edit]

  • Cramer, P., 1775-1780. De Uitlandsche Kapellen voorkomende in der drie Waereld-Deelen Asia, Afrika en America (etc). Amsterdam, Baalde & Utrecht, 4 vols (252 pp. 400 pls.) and Suppl. (184 pp. 42 pls.) Vol 1; Vol 2; Vol. 3; Vol. 4; Suppl.
  • Eliot, J. N., 1992. In Corbet & Pendlebury, The Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula. 4th Edn. Kuala Lumpur.
  • Moore, F., 1881. Lepidoptera of Ceylon Volume 1. L. Reeve & Co., London. 190 pp. 71 pls.
  • Okano, M. & T. Okano 1986: New or little known butterflies from the Visayan Islands, the Philippines (1). Artes Liberales 38: 105–114.
  • Treadaway, C. G. & Schröder, H., 2012. Revised checklist of the butterflies of the Philippine Islands (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera). Nach. ent. Ver. Apollo 32 Suppl. 20, 64pp.