Tinospora crispa

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Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Ranunculales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Ordo: Ranunculales

Familia: Menispermaceae
Subfamilia: Chasmantheroideae
Tribus: Burasaieae
Genus: Tinospora
Species: Tinospora crispa

Name[edit]

Tinospora crispa (L.) Miers ex Hook.f. & Thomson, Fl. Ind. 1: 183(–184). 1855.

Synonymy[edit]

  • Basionym
    • Menispermum crispum L., Sp. Pl., ed. 2, 2: 1468. 1763.
  • Homotypic
    • Cocculus crispus (L.) DC., Syst. Nat. 1: 521. 1817.
    • Tinospora crispa (L.) Miers, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 2, 7(37): 38. 1851, comb. inval. – Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 3, 13(76): 319(–320). 1864, isonym
    • Chasmanthera crispa (L.) Baill., Traite Bot. Méd. Phan. 1: 706. 1883.
    • Tinospora rumphii Boerl., Cat. Pl. Phan. 2: 116. 1901, nom. illeg. superfl. (as T. Rumphii)
    • Tinospora crispa (L.) Diels, Pflanzenr. (Engler) IV. 94 (Heft 46): 142(–143). 1910, p.p., isonym
  • Heterotypic
    • Menispermum tuberculatum Lam., Encycl. [J.Lamarck & al.] 4(1): 96. 1797.
    • Menispermum verrucosum Roxb. in Fleming, Asiat. Res. 11: 171. 1810.
    • Cocculus verrucosus (Roxb.) Wall., Numer. List n. 4966. 1831–32, p.p., quoad basionymum[Note 1]
    • Tinospora verrucosa (Roxb.) W.Theob., Burmah [Mason], ed. 3., 2: 656. 1883.
    • Tinospora thorelii Gagnep., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 55(1): 46. 1908, p.p., quoad typum[Note 2] (as Tinospora Thorelii)
    • Tinospora mastersii Diels, Pflanzenr. (Engler) IV. 94 (Heft 46): 140. 1910. (as T. Mastersii)
    • Tinospora gibbericaulis Hand.-Mazz., Anz. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 60(13): 95. 1924. (as Tinospora (?) gibbericaulis)
    • Tinospora tuberculata (Lam.) Beumée ex K.Heyne, Nutt. Pl. Ned.-Ind., ed. 2, 1: 619. 1927.
  • Misapplied name(s)
    • Tinospora nudiflora sensu Kurz, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 41(4): 292. 1872, p.p., basionymo excl. – non Tinospora nudiflora (Griff.) Kurz, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 41(4): 292. 1872.

References[edit]

Notes:[edit]

The name Tinospora crispa has also been applied to Tinospora glabra and to Tinospora sinensis, the name Tinospora rumphii to Tinospora baenzigeri, the name Cocculus crispus to Tinospora glabra.

  1. By Wallich, the name Cocculus verrucosus was applied also to Tinospora cordifolia and Tinospora palminervis.
  2. The description of the female plant included in the protologue of Tinospora thorelii actually refers to Tinospora sinensis.