Thamnophis couchii

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Thamnophis couchii


Taxonavigation: Colubroidea 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Serpentes
Infraordo: Caenophidia
Superfamilia: Colubroidea

Familia: Colubridae
Subfamilia: Natricinae
Genus: Thamnophis
Species: Thamnophis couchii


  • Thamnophis couchii (Kennicott in Baird, 1859)

Holotype: USNM 866, adult ♀.

Type locality: “Bank of Pit river, California”, speficied as “near mouth of Hat Creek” by Fitch (1940: 59).


  • Eutaenia couchii Kennicott in Baird, 1859: 10 [original combination]
  • Thamnophis ordinoides couchiiVan Denburgh & Slevin, 1918: 251 [subsequent combination]
  • Thamnophis elegans couchiiFox, 1948: 120 [subsequent combination]
  • Thamnophis couchiiFox & Dessauer, 1964: 266 [subsequent combination]


Primary references[edit]

  • Baird, S.F. 1859. Zoological report. No. 4. Report on reptiles collected on the survey. pp. 9–13, pls. 11, 28, 30, 44 in Williamson, R.S. & Abbot, H.L. (Eds.). Reports of Explorations and Surveys, to ascertain the most practicable and economical route for a railroad from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean, 1853-6. Explorations for a railroad route, from the Sacramento Valley to the Columbia River. Volume 10. Government Printing Office: Washington, D.C.
  • Van Denburgh, J. & Slevin, J.R. 1918. The garter-snakes of western North America. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences Ser. 4, 8(6): 181–270. BHL
  • Fitch, H.S. 1940. A biogeographical study of the Ordinoides Artenkreis of garter snakes (genus Thamnophis). University of California Publications in Zoology 440(1): 1–150.
  • Fox, W. 1948. The relationships of the garter snake Thamnophis ordinoides. Copeia 1948(2): 113–120. DOI: 10.2307/1438415 JSTOR
  • Fox, W. & Dessauer, H.C. 1964. Collection of garter snakes for blood studies. Yearb. Amer. Phil. Soc. 1964: 263–266.

Additional references[edit]


Vernacular names[edit]

English: Western Aquatic Garter Snake
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